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  • 2021-09-01如何画一只简单写实的小老鼠《美艺技巧》 Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of tutorial!朋友们 大家好 欢迎收看本周二的教学 I am Leonardo Pereznieto我是Leonardo Pereznieto and because you asked for it应你们的要求 I will draw a little mouse.我今天来画一只小老鼠 Let’s begin sketching the overall shape of the head,先勾画出头的整体形状 which is a bit like a cone有点像一个圆锥体 with the thin snout口鼻部很瘦 and a rounded part on the back头的后部呈圆形 and of course it doesn’t have an angle,当然老鼠没有棱角 so we round the tip.所以我们把尖端描圆 The body will be almost like a circle,身体部分几乎是一个圆形 very easy!非常简单! now let’s mark the position of the legs现在来标记脚的位置 one, two and three that will be visible,可以看见三只脚 a guildline for the eyes and the big ears,勾勒出眼睛和大耳朵的轮廓 the eyes from this angle这个角度的眼睛 have a similar shape to the head,形状和头差不多 like a rounded cone.也像一个圆锥 Let’s erase the guidelines that we don’t need anymore…现在擦掉我们不再需要的轮廓线 such as these ones.比如这个地方 I’m using a kneaded eraser我用的是可塑橡皮擦 but a regular eraser would work其实一般的橡皮擦就可以了 for this as well.这个地方也擦掉 To do the sketch I used a 0.5 millimeter HB lead勾画草图我用的是0.5毫米的HB铅笔 which is medium softness,它是中等硬度 now I switch to a thicker and softer one现在我换一个更粗更软的 a 2B for the darks. With this we draw the eye,用2B铅笔来涂黑眼睛 leaving a small reflection留一小块空白 to give some ¨life-ness¨ to that little rodent face.使这只啮齿动物的小脸栩栩如生 [laughter] [嘿嘿] The other eye,另一只眼睛也这样画 and now I switch to a smaller and harder lead现在我换一支更小更硬的铅笔 for the fur.来画它的皮毛 We do it with very tiny straight lines,用细细的直线来画 leaving a little bit of white in between每条线中间留一小点空白 so as to give precisely the illusion of the fur,这样看起来就像是真的皮毛 and we continue in this fashion.然后我们接着用这种方式画 In looking for a nice mouse story to tell you,在找关于老鼠的有趣故事时 I came across the origin of the Chinese Zodiac,我偶然间了解到中国十二生肖的起源 it turns out the Jade Emperor这要从玉皇大帝说起 who was the ruler of all gods in Chinese mythology,他曾是中国神话中的万神之主 organized a race他组织了一场赛跑 and the twelve animals that crossed the finish line first,规定最先冲过终点线的十二个动物 would make it into the Zodiac.将列入十二生肖 The rat and the cat were best friends at that time,那个时候老鼠和猫是好朋友 believe it or not.信不信由你 Ok this story is about a rat not a mouse but it’s ok.这个故事是大老鼠而不是小鼠 但是没关系 So the rat and cat made a plan together,然后老鼠和猫一起制定了一个计划 to ride on top of the ox across the river一起骑在牛背上过河 because they knew the ox was strong因为它们知道牛很强壮 and very used to swimming,并且惯常游泳 and therefore he certainly would arrive in the first place.因此它肯定能首先到达终点 So at the start of the race they both jumped on,所以在比赛一开始它们两个就跳上了牛背 but at some point, when they were crossing the river可是在它们过河的时候 the rat abruptly jumped forward老鼠突然向前一跳 and with this movement the cat fell into the water,由于这个动作 猫掉进了水里 he screamed它尖叫着 but by then the ox and the rat 但那时牛和鼠已经走了很远了 were too far away to do anything. 什么也帮不了它 They arrived to the shore,它们到了岸边 the big ox stepped out of the water那头大牛从水里出来 and was about to cross the finish line first,正准备第一个冲过终点线时 when the rat jumped crossing the line first!老鼠却一跳先它一步跨过终点线 So that’s how the rat is the first animal in the Chinese Zodiac这就是鼠位于十二生肖之首的缘由 and that also explains why now同时这也解释了为什么现在 act hates rats and dislike water.猫讨厌老鼠并且不喜欢水 It’s done!完成啦! If you enjoyed it please give it a LIKE!如果你喜欢这节课 请点个赞吧! subscribe to Fine Art-Tips订阅《美艺技巧》 and click on the little bell to get notifications of new videos…点击小铃铛就能获取更多新视频 And I will see you on Tuesday
  • 2021-09-01萨拉生日的赠品:别针嗨 大家好 我是萨拉Hi everyone it’s Sarah. 欢迎回到我的频道And welcome back to my channel. 在今天的视频中In today’s video, 我将会给你们介绍一位新的涂鸦家庭成员I will be introducing to you a new member of our doodle family. 不过不是她It’s not her, 我只是想说话时拿些东西在手上I just wanted to hold something when I was talking. 但是 这是一名在照片墙的订阅者给我的But yeah, this is given to me by a subscriber and a follower on Instagram, 她是用软陶制作的she makes polymer clays. 这是我 穿着女超人的衣服This is me, wearing a Supergirl costume. 总之 我想介绍内德Anyway I would like to introduce Ned. 这是我第一个珐琅徽章This is my first enamel pin design, 来自韦泽网站很棒的人The awesome people from Wizardpins.com 非常友好的向我提供服务并帮我制作我自己的定制别针were very kind to offer me their services and helping me make my very own custom pin. 完成这个设计以后After creating this design, 我把它发给了他们I sent it to them for vectoring. 他们帮助我把它整理好and they offered to straighten it up, clean it up, 为生产制作做准备and prepare it for production process. 当他们向我展示最后的成果When they showed me the final design, 花费了8天的时间it took around 8 days to be made, 到澳大利亚差不多用了一星期and about a week to get here in Australia. 韦泽网站是美国的网站Wizardpins is based in the US, 他们提供免邮服务 所以就是这么酷and they offer free shipping, so how cool is that. 这个别针不到5厘米The pin is less than 2 inches. 大小合适and, or which is the right size. 它是由硬质珐琅制成 有黑色镍镀It is made of hard enamel and has black nickel plating. 它的轮廓线是凸起的 其他都是光滑的The outlines are embossed and everything else is smooth. 如果你想要拥有一些由韦泽网站制作的别针If you want to have some pins made go check out Wizardpins.com. 我会在下面的说明框中留下相关链接I will leave the links in the description box below. 嗯 韦泽网站的人很爱帮忙 所以不要再犹豫提问题啦Umm, the people at Wizardpins are very helpful, so don’t hesitate to ask questions. 因此内德的名字就是来自单词“书呆子”So the name Ned came from the word nerd, 我在heartsprinkles上的好朋友克里斯特尔and my good friend Crystal from heartsprinkles, 建议起内德这个名字 我一下就喜欢上了suggested the name, and it kind of stuck on me. 因为今天是我的生日 所以有个好消息Now for some good news, because it’s my birthday, 我将会送出3个徽章I will be giving away three of these pins, 给3个幸运的订阅者 外加这些免费赠送的贴纸to three lucky subscribers, plus these stickers for freebies. 嗯 你们所要做的就是在下面留言Um, all you have to do is comment down below, 说说这个频道是如何帮助你的and let me know how this channel has helped you. 下个星期我会选出最佳答案宣布获胜者I will choose the best answers and announce the winners next week. 我的新店会很快上这些徽章哦these pins will be available soon in my new shop 我会将获胜者更新到推特and I will keep you guys updated via Twitter, 或者是照片墙 我可能会在新的视频中提及and or Instagram and I will probably mention it in a new video. 再一次感谢为我制作很棒的珐琅徽章的韦泽网站again thanks to Wizardpin.com for my awesome awesome enamel pins, 感谢你们对这个视频的喜爱和支持and thanks to everyone for your love and support to this channel. 所以我会在下一次的视频中跟你们再见So I will see you guys in the next video, 感谢你们收看 涂鸦快乐 再见and thanks for watching and happy doodling, bye.
  • 2021-09-01《蒙娜丽莎》是如何意外走红的– [Narrator] Let’s play a game.我们来玩一个游戏吧 Think of a famous painting.想象一幅名画 Guess what?你猜怎么着? You just thought of me. Today,你想到的是我 I’m the world’s most renowned work of art,如今 我是世界上最闻名的艺术品 but it wasn’t always this way.但并不是一开始就是这样的 My story is full of surprises,你绝对猜不到我的故事 and it all began in a studio in Florence.一切都开始于佛罗伦萨的一间画室 (upbeat orchestral music)[欢快的管弦乐] 《蒙娜丽莎》是如何意外走红的 here’s the master himself, Leonardo da Vinci.这位就是那副画的作者 莱昂纳多·达芬奇 He worked on me on and off for a few years他创作我的过程断断续续持续了几年 towards the end of his career.直到他绘画生涯的尽头 – You’re a minor work, my dear,宝贝 你不算什么大作 some interesting shading, nothing more.不过是运用了下有趣的渐隐法罢了 – [Narrator] We’ll just see about that.对于这点 我们再说吧 Over the next 300 years, I hung quietly in French palaces接下来三百多年 我都静静地挂在法国宫殿 and royal bathrooms.和皇家舆洗室里 The things I’ve seen.我见证过许多事情 – [Napoleon] Ah, mon dieu![拿破仑]我的天哪! – [Narrator] Until finally I was noticed by a man who had终于有一个男人注意到了我 already made quite a name for himself.他当时已经很有名气了 When Napoleon chose me to hang on his bedroom wall,当拿破仑把我挂在他的卧室墙上时 people took notice.人们才开始关注我 – I look forward to sleeping with you, my cherie.亲爱的 我期待和你一起入睡 – [Narrator] After he had his whole exile from France thing,法国战败后 拿破仑遭到流放 they tossed me on a wall at The Louvre.他们就把我丢在卢浮宫的一面墙壁上 But at this point, I was still just another Renaissance portrait.但这时 我仍然只是一幅文艺复兴时期的肖像画 Until one night. (daunting,直到那一个晚上 suspenseful music)[悬疑 恐怖的背景音乐] – Bella.美女 – [Narrator] I was stolen!我被人偷了! It was pandemonium.随后开始了一场骚乱 Paris was in an uproar.巴黎闹得沸沸扬扬 The police hauled people in left and right.警察动用武力 抓捕了各色各样的人 The hysteria hit a fever pitch当警察怀疑并审讯 when the police suspected and interrogated世上最著名的画家之一巴勃罗·毕加索时 one of the most famous artists in the world, Pablo Picasso.这一混乱简直到达了白热化的程度 (officer speaking French) (man gasping)[警官:我控诉你] [毕加索惊恐地倒吸一口凉气] But Picasso was innocent.但毕加索是无辜的 The thief turned out to be an Italian carpenter.最后发现窃贼是一位意大利木匠 He was caught in Florence.他在佛罗伦萨被捕 – Mama mia.天哪 – [Narrator] And I returned to The Louvre.随后我回到了卢浮宫 From that day forward, I became the darling of the art world.从那天起 我成了整个艺术界的宠儿 Everyone wanted to see Napoleon’s da Vinci painting每个人都想看一眼这幅由拿破仑收藏 Picasso was suspected of stealing. Soon,毕加索涉嫌偷窃的达芬奇之画 tourists crowded in不久游客就蜂拥而至 and most people forgot why I was famous in the first place.而大多数人都忘了我一开始是因何闻名的 That might raise some eyebrows,有人或许会对此扬眉 感到惊讶 but not mine since I don’t have any. Oh,但我不会 毕竟我根本没有眉毛 you didn’t notice I don’t have any eyebrows?噢 你还没注意到我没有眉毛? I told you, I’m full of surprises.我说过了 我的故事你猜不到 (soft chiming music)[柔和的钟乐]
  • 2021-09-01谢弗绘画入门#2 简化对象学会观察Hey folks, Brandon Schaefer here once again.大家好 我是布兰登·谢弗 I hope that you’ve had fun playing around with希望在上节课里你们已经熟悉了 all the different pencils that you have in your little kit.你们笔盒里的各种铅笔 If you have not yet, I encourage you to如果还没有的话 我建议你去用用 try out all the different leads and把不同硬度的笔都试一遍 try to make, you know, an extension of the last video with the sketching basics.可以在上个视频的素描基础上自由发挥 Try to make different thicknesses,尝试去画不同粗细的线 just get used to how a pencil moves,习惯笔头的运作 and how it… the feeling of it, the textures that it creates.熟悉一下运笔的感觉 和其画出的质感 You know, try using it, holding it in a different way. That’s also very important.尝试不同的握笔方式 这也是非常重要的 Holding it in a certain way.以某种方式握笔 Usually, you know, for loose sketching, you don’t wanna be holding a pencil like this.一般来说 如果是画草图 你不能这样握笔 And kinda sketching like that,不能像这样画 you want it to be really loose.你的手要非常松弛 So your pressure is really light, light, light pressure.这样你的笔触才能轻 轻轻地描 So…那么 be sure to remember that一定要记住 You want really light pressure when you’re holding it,握笔的时候不能太使劲 kinda holding it back a little farther.可以握后面一点 You can even hold it, you know, like this,你甚至可以这样握 kind of a different way to do it.又是种不一样的握笔方式 You know, try out some different things in practice练习时可以尝试不同的握笔方式 and see what works best.看看哪种效果最好 Like I was saying, put the pencil on its edge, and you know, try to make different marks,你可以试着用笔的侧锋 去画各种线条 create some interesting shapes and just play around with the pencil.画些有趣的形状 拿起笔自由发挥就好 So, in this video, it’s gonna be about breaking down在这支视频里 我会教大家如何简化 any kind of picture or scene that you see.你看到的任何图片或风景 You know, if you’re drawing what’s outside your door, you know…如果你要画屋外的一些景物 Let’s say you have an image of比如说你有幅图 some mountains and some trees, and a house etc.里面有山和树和房子等等 All of reality is just different shapes.所有这些物体的形状都不同 They can kinda be broken down quite simply into the four basic shapes.可以将它们分解成四种基本的几何形状 I mean everybody knows these.这些形状大家都认识 The square or rectangle, circle, triangles…正方形 矩形 圆和三角形 Excuse me there. You get the point.不好意思 能看懂就行 You know, and then there’s… just put in all these together.差不多都是由这几种几何图形组合而成的 And also, not really… none of them are really 2D like this.当然 现实中的物体都不是二维的 They’re all usually, you know,它们一般来说 in reality we find them as cubes.在现实中我们看到的是立方体形态 You know, like this, triangle, you know, triangular prisms and things.像是这样 以三棱柱的这种形式存在 So, by simplifing everything,所以 通过简化各种物体 and en… you know, by seeing just a scene outside,在看到窗外的景物时 you know, let’s say this is outside,比如 这是窗外的风景 and you have, you know, trees of walnuts, whatever the landscape is,有胡桃树 不管是什么样的风景 you know, mountains in a distance, which are just soft triangles,比如远处有山 呈平缓三角状 you know, horizon line, trees, etc.然后是地平线 树木等等 Just break all these down in the basic shapes like I’m doing.就像我这样把这些景物拆解成基础的几何形 So, to get something very basic,拆解成基础的几何形 Ah, you know, chunks.用矩形代表树干 It’s all like this. It’s just very basic.就像这样 很基础的图形 So, play around with these thing, get used to the pencil,多练练这些 与铅笔磨合一下 and just do very few basic shapes, because that’s what everything is.就画最基础的形状 因为所有物体都可以简化 Everything is broken down into just basic shapes.一切都可以简化成基础图形 Now later on, in other videos,在之后的视频里 we’re gonna get into perspective and what makes it look real.我们还会讲透视 以及怎样让画面更写实 But in this one, I just want you to get down但在这支视频里 我只需要你学会 how to simplify shape,如何简化物体形状 and really this goes hand-in-hand with painting.这项学习对于画画来说至关重要 To simplify its massing out shapes,简化繁杂物体的形状 also同时 start trying to not only fill in shapes.开始试着 不仅仅是画出形态 So, not only to just make the outlines or basic shapes,不只是画出物体的轮廓和形态 but to start giving them some value.还要给它们添加一些明暗关系 So we know the sky is gonna be the lightest thing.我们知道天空颜色是最浅的 So try some different shading techniques and these are just thumbnails.尝试不同的阴影铺设 这只是幅缩略图 It’s just really simple sketching.非常简单的描画 Trying to plan out ideas可以画自己想象出的画面 or just drawing from life, what you see.或是直接把生活中看到的画面画出来 You know, that’s the idea.就是这样 It’s to plan things out and start putting down some value.把整体轮廓勾勒出来 然后铺设明暗关系 In later videos, I mean I’m gonna go over how to shade,之后我会详细讲解怎样画阴影 how to do all this stuff.怎样处理明暗 But for now, just get the simple concept但现在你们需要对填充画面 of massing out shapes like this.有个简单概念 You can see there’s a definite value change,你可以在这幅画里看到明显的明暗变化 you know, between everything.物体之间明暗不一 So that’s kind of reality there.那么这就体现出了一点实感 That’s what makes things look realistic.使画面看起来更真实 That’s what you’re looking for.这就有了你要的效果 It’s different values,这种效果就在于明暗变化 different variety of forms, shape.在于各种形态的组合 So even breaking down, I mean let’s get down to it.那么我们就来具体学学拆解简化物体 One of the best things you can do is try to just draw your hand.最好的的方式之一就是尝试画自己的手 I filled up an entire sketchbook.我会画满整张速写纸 I have it laying around here somewhere, but…我会把手随处一搭 但是 Just different… you know, I’d look at my hand this way and就不同的 我会从这个角度看我的手 I would just sit there and draw it.然后开始画 And I’ll draw my finger like this.也会这样画我的手指 I would, you know, do all different kinds of就是会从各种不同的 angles and all different kinds of movement.角度和姿态去画它 And I would just… I filled the whole sketchbook of just hands.我会将整个速写本都画满 So about breaking down a hand, what is a hand?那怎样简化手呢 手是什么形状 These are just cylinders.手指的构成就是圆柱体 you know, that was the other shape up here that I didn’t draw in.这是另一种形状 我这里还没有画上 It’s just a cylinder.就是简单的圆柱体 So there’s two ovals and then connectors.两个椭圆加两条线连接起来 That’s what these fingers are.手指就是这样的 You know, everything you just break it down into really basic shapes.所有的东西都可以拆解成基础几何 You know, ovals and then, you know, cylinders.这里是椭圆 然后是圆柱体 I’ll show you real quick here.我这里快速展示一下 You know, the hand,手掌也是 I mean, it’s very basic shapes,就是个简单的几何形 just different,组成部分形状不同而已 you know, squares, circles.有方形和圆形 You have knuckles here, you know, four different knuckles.这边是四个不同的关节 And then, these are… that’s the beginning of the cylinders.这里开始是圆柱体 So you have these different shapes that connect the fingers.由这些不同的形状与手指相连 So I mean it’s basic stuff. 这是很基础的东西 But the best way to do it is to draw from life,但最好的方法还是进行写生 draw what you’re actually looking at and start learning to see.画你所看到的东西 并且学着去观察 That’s one of the most important things. It’s learning to see.学会观察是最重要的事之一 But you have to learn what to see first.但你首先要知道的是先观察什么 You have to learn that everything is just simple shapes.你要知道所有东西都是简单的几何形 You know, a big square, maybe, you know, and then you start.比如手掌是四方形的 然后开始画 Once you get down the basic shapes here, you start modifying here and there.一旦画好基本的轮廓后 你可以做些调整 You know, maybe it wasn’t a complete perfect circle.可能你的圆画得不太理想 There was little things sticking out,有些地方凸出来了 You know, it’s not exactly… you know, you start out with a square here,不是完全的…… 你画了个四方形 but there’s also this other shape here.但其中也包含有其他的图形 So you kind of have to modify and just add other shapes,所以你得调整 加上其他的一些形状 you know, curvature there, etc. So all these things.调整成曲线等等 所有东西都是如此 But you have to learn the basics.你必须先了解基础形状 You have to learn the rules before you can break them.知道规则才能学会简化物体 And these are the rules, the simple rules to drawing.这些就是绘画最简单的原理 and to… to drawing from life is that everything is broken down.也是写生最简单的原理 一切都是几何形 You know, breaking things down into a simple form. So…把物体分解成简单的几何形 Just think about when you look at anything.想象当你看到一个物体的时候 And that’s some of the exercise, some of the… excuse me,你需要做一些练习 不好意思 some of the exercises you should do. You know, if you’re drawing a chair,你需要做一些练习 如果你要画一把椅子 just real loose and real quick,松松的握住 然后快速勾勒 just break down the shape of a chair.把椅子拆分成几个几何图形 You know the legs are just rectangles.椅子腿是长方形的 Just try to block it in,大致画个草图 you know, get all the shapes down.把几个几何形画出来 Yeah, and there’s your, you know, quick simple chair,这就是简单快速画出来的椅子 and then you start refining.然后开始调整 You know, sketches don’t have to be perfect.线条不用太完美 They’re not gonna be perfect the first time around.刚开始的线条勾勒不用非常完美 You may have to sketch start over three or four different times.你可能还需要练习3到4次 But the point is to just capture what you’re seeing.但重点就是你要学会捕捉你所看到的东西 You know, there’s not much more to say about that.这一点我们不用再赘述了 So once you start simplifying the shapes,当你准备把物体简化为图形的时候 just to start blocking in the value tones that you see.只要画一个明暗变化的草图就行 And usually squinting helps to simplify, 通常眯缝着眼观察有助于简化物体 you know, maybe back here,比如在椅子的后腿上 all this is in shadow, you know, the really dark shadow.画上阴影 很深的阴影 You have the shadow going back this way在椅子的后面 for the chair, whatever.要画上投影 But then all this is in light, so it’s gonna be shadow here, shadow here.然后这边是亮的地方 这边就必须是阴影处了 这边 and shadow here. But all the lights coming from over here.还有这边 但是要注意光是从这边照过来的 Sorry can’t let you see it that much, but…抱歉没能全部展现出来 但是 So you just start breaking it down and then just slowly刚开始学习分解物体的时候 you know, with light pressure, filling it in.处理光影下笔要轻 So, anyway, I can’t really zoom in on that area.我这里镜头框不到那个区域 So, but you get the idea.但你明白就行 So start blocking things in.学着开始画草图 You know, whatever you see in nature, just start blocking it in.不管你在大自然中看到什么 学着画草图 I would suggest just start drawing from life, doing as much as you can.我建议你从日常的东西画起 尽量多地画 Draw your hands, draw your feet, draw…画你的手 脚 tables, chairs, etc. Draw everything.画桌子 椅子等等 所有东西都去画 Break it down into the simple shapes.把它们拆解成简单的几何图形 And then one thing that can help is to…然后教大家一件有用的事 Let’s say you’re doing… you know, I’ll show you something simple.假设你在 我来教你们一个很简单的东西 Just to keep it really simple.让画画变得更容易 Like if you’re doing something that’s a sphere.比如我们要来画一个球面 So, that’s not really sketching, huh.我刚刚不算素描哈 I’m just doing it for… you know.我是要用来 So let’s say we have the sphere now.比如我们现在有个球面了 You wanna show the roundness of it.你要表现它的立体感 Now how do you do that?要怎么做呢? Well, one thing is trying to imagine…首先你需要去想象 try to imagine it being 3D.把它想象成3维状态 So, there’s a back and a front.这是球的背面和正面 So imagine this wire frame around it.想象这周围有个线框 So this is the back of it, this is the front.那么这是它的背面 这是前面 And really there’s a wire frame, you know, all the way around it.而这个球体有很多层线框围绕组成 And even going this way, you know, there’s a wire frame.甚至这个走向也有框线 I know that kinda… it’s kinda messy.我知道看起来有点乱 Just try to imagine it like this,要把这些线想象成这样 like a… like dipping out, coming back in.这样绕下来 然后绕回去 So this part is actually closest to you.所以这个部分是离你最近的 And then as it gets farther out, it’s kind of like perspective.然后是向边上画 有点涉及到透视 It’s a little harder to understand.可能会比较难懂 But it’s kind of simple, just wireframe.但其实还是挺简单的 就是框线而已 You know, so try to think of it that way.先把这个球想象成这样子 And when we get into shading, I’ll show you some things you can do.当我们学明暗关系后 你们可以这样做 So, let’s say you have a sphere here.比如你画好了球体 And to kinda shade it you do.当你要画阴影时 You follow the motion, the curvature.你要沿着这个球的转向 它的弧度 You follow the curvature of the sphere,沿着这个球体的弧度去描 and that makes it look more realistic for shading.这样画阴影就会看起来更真实了 You know, if you’re shading the sphere,你在给球体上阴影的时候 you don’t want to shade with lines like this really.你不能像这样画线 Just straight up and down, I mean, you can, it just depends.不能上下画直线 当然有时候情况不一样 But you want to follow the curvature of it.你需要跟着球面的弧度去画弧线 If you just make your line straight across like that,如果就这么描直线的话 it’s not gonna look like it’s real.这个球就立体不起来 So you know we’ll get into cross hatching at things where…我们来学一下交叉阴影线 You know, you just make lines like this following the curvature.这样沿着球的曲面来画弧线 And that’s what can make it look realistic.这样会让这个球体看起来真实立体 You know, have them curving this way.再沿着这个方向画弧线 I just want you to understand the concept of simplifying shapes.我就是希望大家了解简化物体的概念 Simplifying a hand, you know, what is a hand?要如何简化手部 手是怎样的? Yeah, its fingers. But what is a… you know, break down the finger structure.首先是手指 把手指结构分解成几何图形 Break it down into cylinders, rectangles, etc.分解成圆柱体和长方形等等 And that’s all it is.就是这样 See, I mean how quickly you can get a hand shape.练习一下 看看自己能画得多快 Yeah, it may not be perfect, but you go back and refine it.可能刚开始画得不完美 但可以再修改 You know, that’s what it’s all about,画画就是要不断去调整 going back, refining things, and getting it down.来回地地修改 最后完成这副作品 So anyway, I hope this video was somewhat helpful.不管怎样 希望本期视频能对你们有帮助 The next videos are gonna be great.往后的视频会非常精彩 I’m really looking forward to making them.我很期待去制作它们 They’re gonna cover, you know, all the different points of它们会涵盖各种关于 perspective, shading techniques, using all these materials.透视原理的知识 用画笔铺设阴影的技巧 I just have to get past the basics here,我必须先讲这些基础的东西 so that everyone’s on the same page. Everyone knows…这样每个人起点一致 每个人都知道 hasing some things to be practicing.都知道要去练些什么 And really the most important thing is just drawing from life.最重要的就是画日常的东西 Draw whatever you’re interested in.画一些你自己感兴趣的东西 If you wanna be an animal, you know, portrait artist or an animal artist,如果你想成为肖像艺术家或者动物艺术家 just draw animals all the time.你就需要一直画动物 And you know what the face is, something like that.这样你才知道它们脸长啥样 Let’s go over that real quickly.我们来快速地画一下 You know, face is simple. It’s just… usually you start out with a circle.脸部的描绘很简单 首先画一个圆 If… say it’s like an animal face, you know, maybe like a假设这是一张动物的脸 也许大概 2/3 view or something that’s looking to the side.找个三分之二的地方画分割线 I mean if it’s a dog, you know, the heads here and then you have the ears.如果这是条狗的话 这是头部 在这边画上耳朵 Or maybe it’s a cat, you know, ears are triangles.也可能是一只猫 耳朵是三角形的 The snout, you know, comes out a little bit on a cat.猫的口鼻部位要稍微向外突出一点 I mean just break these things down.把这些物体进行分解 That’s all I’m trying to say.我想说的就是这个 I’m not drawing from life here, so you know, it’s hard to do it.我现在没有实物参考 所以不太好画 But it’s all can be broken down very simply,但所有物体都可以被简化分解 you know, especially if you’re doing a…尤其是你在画 a side view, like a dog or something.画侧面图时 比如狗狗或者是别的东西 You know, the snout comes out, maybe not that long.它的鼻子是向外突出的 可能没有那么长 But the snout comes out, you know, the heads here, and then has ears up here.但是要突出来 这边是头 上面是耳朵 Neck…脖子在这 you know, it’s just practicing, getting the proportions down,就是练习而已 找好比例 and using either a photo reference or drawing from life.不管是临摹照片还是实物写生 That’s the most important thing.比例很重要 And then, you know, you’ll start getting used to…那么你要开始习惯 You’ll be able to… you know, when you draw enough hands,你就能 当你把手部练够了 you’ll be able to draw a hand, no problem.你就能随意画手 没有问题 So, practice, practice, practice,所以多练 多练 play with your pencils and玩转你的铅笔 see what you can come up with, see what you can create看看你能画出什么 能创造出什么 and have fun.享受这个过程吧 So, anyway, hope you enjoyed this video.不管怎样 希望你们喜欢这个视频 Stay tuned for the next one.锁定下一期视频 Like and Subscribe if you wish to see more. I’d appreciate it.点赞加关注观看更多视频 感谢大家 And thanks for watching. Take care of yourself. Peace.最后谢谢收看 照顾好自己 愿世界和平
  • 2021-08-30如何画一个可爱的复活节女孩卡通-# stayhome 和绘画 # withme嗨 朋友们 今天我们要学习画复活节女孩 是的 希望大家和我们一起完成 因为能让艺术创作的过程更生动的正是 – 朋友 – 是的 像你这样的朋友 没错 像你这样的 你需要一些画画工具 – 马克笔 几张白纸 然后呢 – 用来上色的笔 – 我们开始吧 – 好的 首先在中间画复活节女孩的微笑 然后画她的眼睛 先在这边画个圆圈 另一边画上一个相同大小的圆圈与之对称 我喜欢先画左边的圆圈 因为这样从左往右移动 画下个同样大小的圆 很顺手 如果你是左撇子 从右往左画圈会比较顺手 明白吗?你移开手 你马上就看到第一个圆圈 好的 我们继续 我们在里面画个小圈 – 这样眼睛会可爱一点 – 没错 然后我们给大圈圈上色 小圈圈空出白来 下一步做什么呢? – 画上眼睫毛 – 是的 眼睫毛 – 因为这是个女生 – 对的 – 这次我要画两根 – 一 二 三 – 一 二 三 – 你总喜欢比我多画一根 现在要画女孩的脸了 先从左边开始 画一个弧形 绕过嘴巴下方 然后绕回到另一边 接下来我们来画头顶部分 由上往下画 往上画 越过顶部 再往下绕到另一边 哦 这边有点平 没关系 只是练习 – 最重要的是? – 享受过程 – 还有呢? – 多多练习 好的 那我们开始画头发 这样她看起来不会像我一样秃 画一条线穿过中间 作为刘海 然后我们在她头顶加上头箍 – 用来画… – 兔耳朵 是的 兔耳朵 我们像这样再画一条曲线 往上绕过头部 再绕回到头的另一边 如果你不想要刘海 可以不画上去 也是啊 画的不一样发型 – 但我想要画上刘海 – 哈哈 好的 接下来我们来画兔耳朵 往上画 再向下到这里就可以了 另一边像这样一个倒着的U型 两个兔耳朵 就这样 再画一个 – 还差一个兔耳朵 – 是的 要画两个 在里面再画个相同形状的小耳朵 作为兔子的内耳 向上 再绕回来 我们先画她的裙子 晚点再补上她的头发 往下画两条直线 作为裙子上半身 把两条线连在一起 变成她的腰 在中间再画一条线 穿过腰部 好的 我们继续画裙子 两条对角线向外延伸 再把这两条线连起来 好的 接下来画她的两条腿 画出U型 先画左边 再是右边 – 看起来是只芭蕾舞兔子 – 确实有点 可以画她的鞋子了 每条腿上画一根直线 好的 下面我们来画她的手臂了 曲线向外延伸 再往回画 右边也一样的画法 试着让形状与左边对称 有时有点困难对不对? 哦 对了 别忘了她的脖子 沿着下巴下方画 好 接下来我们把她的头发画上 从这里开始 在两耳之间画上线 想象下头发的线条 从耳朵后方这样延伸出来 再往下画一点 在这边停下 右边也同样往下画 想象线条穿过耳朵后方 往外画 再向下 你可以画成长发或短发 我要再画长一点 两边都往下画一点 再连起来 连到手臂下面为止 – 头发真长 对吧? – 是的 好啦 我们已经基本上把复活节女孩画好了 但还没完全画好 – 还有一个步骤 – 给她上色 对 上色 这一步骤我们要先快进了 但在视频结束后 你可以回看来完成配色 – 要快进了? – 好的 你可以暂停视频 选择相同配色 也可以自主配色 – 想怎么涂都可以 – 对 按你自己的意愿 你可以改变她的肤色 或者发色 – 或者裙子的颜色 – 没错 可以给裙子换个颜色 – 换成紫色 – 对啊 – 还有吗? – 还有头箍 – 对 还有头箍 和裙子颜色相配吗? – 是的 希望你们画复活节女孩画得开心 是的 希望你们画得开心 再见啦 朋友们
  • 2021-08-30如何用丙烯颜料画一片鲜花盛开的田野—春天!《美艺技巧》 Hello my friends and welcome to another Tuesday of tutorial!你好 我的朋友们 欢迎再次来到本周二的教学! I am Leonardo Pereznieto我是Leonardo Pereznieto and today we will make a little painting to celebrate the arrival of the spring.今天 我们来画一幅迎春图 First I apply a layer of gesso to the paper,首先 在纸上涂一层石膏 because it gives a better surface to work on.因为这样就有了一个更好的表面来作画 And we will be using these Arteza acrylic colors.我们会用这些Arteza的丙烯酸颜料 They are my choice because they are affordable and of a very good quality.我选择这款是因为它们的性价比高 We can begin with a mix of cerulean blue,我们可以先用浅蓝色和钛白色 which is a lighter type of blue, and titanium white,混合调成蔚蓝色 mixed together to paint the sky再用来画天空 like this.就像这样 We apply it with brushstrokes in different directions.我们采用不同方向的笔触 I’ll make it a little bit darker on the upper part,把上面的部分画得更深一点 and then blend it in, lighter… further down.然后中合 越往下越浅一点 I spray water with a bottle every so often,时不时喷些水 in order to keep the surface damp.以保持画面湿润 Now with a much smaller brush and darker paint,现在 选用一根极细的画笔和更深的颜色 to which I added also a little bit of green我还添了一点绿色 but very little it is still blue,看起来还是蓝色 we paint some little trees far away by the horizon,我们在地平线处画一些在远处的小树 and then with some violet, let’s lay in the field.然后在田野里涂一些蓝紫色 This violet is going to be the underneath color,将蓝紫色作为底色 the base color of the field,即田野的主色 and on top of that we will paint other things.在其顶部面绘制其他的事物 I don’t want this base to be totally flat,我不希望底色太单调 so we will add some blue to it为了产生好看的渐变和丰富的色调 to have these nice changes, different tonalities.我们会添加一些蓝色 Very good!非常好! Now that we have this, we can draw a person.现在打好底色了 我们可以画个人了 What about a young woman,画一个 enjoying the fields… and her freedom.正在享受田野…和自由的少女怎么样? We use dark brown for her hair…我们用深棕色画出她的头发 we will see her from the back,我们从后面的角度看 and then a touch of burnt Sienna with titanium white然后用点熟褐色和钛白色 for the skin, for her arms.画出她的皮肤和胳膊 By the way, I hope you are doing very well.顺带一句 我希望你生活中一切顺利 that you are keeping safe, working inside希望你平安无事 尽可能 as much as possible, creating a lot.在家工作 希望你有多多创做 Ok good!对 很好! We will have a bit of a backlight, so the edges,我们的角度有点背光 所以边缘部分 especially the ones on the right, will be lit.特别是右边 要画得更亮一些 And everything else will be darker.其他地方则更暗 Alright!好啦! Now we begin to paint the tall grass or the vegetation…现在 我们开始画草丛或绿植 we will be adding some light colors我们会添加一些浅色 that won’t show very much,几乎看不出来 nothing specific, we will just give a texture,也不用太具体 我们只需画出纹理 the texture of the vegetation植物的纹理即可 but closer by instead,而在更近的地方 you should be able to see some of the individual strands.你应该能够看见每根纹理 So in this case we make it just a little bit more obvious这时 我们让它看起来更明显一些 like so.就像这样 Some lighter and some darker ones深浅交错 and to this in a moment到了这一步 we will add the flowers.我们会添些花朵 Arteza, which is our sponsor today,Arteza是我们今天的赞助商 is kindly offering us a 10% discount 如果你点击下面的链接 on the materials if you use the link below.就可享九折的优惠 In the description below the video,在下面的视频简介中 I will be listing the materials I used for this project.我会列出作这幅画所需要的材料 And they have nice tutorials on YouTube,赞助商也会在油管上提供优秀的教程 so it is a good idea to subscribe to their channel.订阅他们的频道 是个好主意 Good! Now let’s paint some flowers.很棒!现在 我们画一些花 I mixed some titanium white with some gray, to make the light ones将一些钛白色和灰色混合调配出浅灰色 and then with some pink, purple and blue然后混合一些粉色 紫色和蓝色 we can create some other ones for variation.可以调出一些其他颜色 I love spring, it is my favorite season!我喜欢春天 这是我最喜欢的季节! well I think, it must be for most people.我想 对大多数人来说也一样 Please let me know in the comments, which one is yours.在评论区留言告诉我 你最喜欢的季节吧 And let’s add some more flowers, I want plenty of flowers.让我们添加更多的花 我想要一片花海 Very good! Excellent!非常棒!优秀! It’s ready!完成啦! If you enjoyed it, please give it a LIKE!如果你喜欢这节课就请点个赞! subscribe to Fine Art-Tips, if you haven’t done so already.如果你还没关注 就订阅《美艺技巧》吧 Please take care of yourself and of your family…请照顾好你自己和你的家人… and I will see you on Tuesday, with more art.周二 我会带更多的作品与你们见面
  • 2021-08-30如何画Hello Kitty朋友们 我们今天要画hello kittyHere, friends, we are gonna draw a ‘Hello Kitty’. 幼儿艺术中心Art for kids hub – 好的 小朋友 准备好马克笔了吗?- 嗯-Alright, little girl, you got your marker.-Yes. 我希望你们能跟着我们一起画We hope you guys are gonna follow along with us, 画hello kitty是件有趣的事情you’re excited to draw hello kitty. 我们之前画过 但是很久以前的事了We’ve drawn Hello Kitty before, but it was a long time ago. – 我们觉得再画一次也会很有趣的- 嗯-We thought it would be fun to draw again.-Um hm. 开始时 我们需要笔和For this art project, we need something to draw with 一些画纸 我们这里使用sharpie笔(一种永久马克笔的商标)and some paper we’re using sharpies. 如果你不喜欢 可以不用 可以用铅笔You don’t have to if you don’t want to you could use a pencil, 嗯……或者你愿意的话 也可以用蜡笔um… and or you could use crayons if you want. 我们会用到两种颜色的铅笔We’re also going to use two colored pencils. 我们会用粉色画她的衣服和蝴蝶结We’re going to use a pink for her clothes and her bow. – 我们用黄色画什么呢?- 她的脖子-And we’re also going to use yellow for?-Her neck. 是的 还有她的鼻子For her nose, yes. 我们先把笔都放一边So, let’s move that off to the side, 我们先用马克笔and we’re gonna use our markers first. 我喜欢你的指甲 给我们的朋友看看I really like your fingernails, show our friends. 它们很好看They’re so pretty! – 它们像hello kitty 一样是粉色的- 是的-They’re pink like Hello Kitty.-Yes. 好的 第一步 我们来画她的蝴蝶结Alright, first step we’re going to draw her bow. – 好- 这是第一件事 -Ok.-That’s the very first thing. 我们画个小圈We’re gonna draw a little circle, 就在这 在纸的一侧right here… on the side of our paper. 这样 在这So, over like right about here. 画个小圈 那是她蝴蝶结的中间部分Draw a little circle, that’s the middle of her bow. 然后再在圈的外围Then we’re going to draw a big ‘U’ shape that comes out, 画个更大的U型图案来连接and around, and connects… back into the circle. 好的 我们要在另一侧再画一个Good! And we’re going to do another one on the other side. 吱吱响的马克笔Squeaky markers. 这就是她的蝴蝶结There’s her bow! 哦 还差两条线Oh, there’s two more lines. 我们在里面画个小U或是C型图案Let’s do a little ‘U’ or ‘C’ shape inside, 然后另一侧也有一个 看来你已经知道了then one on the other side too, you already knew that. 现在 我们来画她的耳朵Now, we’re going to draw her ear. 像是个小A型 在她的蝴蝶结上It’s just a little ‘A’ shape over her bow. -从这开始 上到这里 然后再向下- 好的 -Start there, come over here and then back down.-Ok. 好的 现在我们来画她的头顶Good, now we’re gonna draw the top of her head. 是条从她的蝴蝶结开始的短线It’s just a little line that comes out from her bow. 好的 很好 下一步我们来画她的另一只耳朵Good, okay, let’s draw her other ear next. 它位于这一侧 还是相同形状And it’s going to be the same shape over here on this side. 那么 我们要往上画 我们想让它处于相同的高度So, we’re going to draw up and we want to go up to the same height. 然后再画下来And then back down. 向上 我们从这里开始 向上Come up, we’ll start there, come up. 大概是这里 然后向下It’s about there and then come back down. 很好 我喜欢你的尖耳朵Good, I like how pointy your ears are. – 一点都不尖啊- 哈哈-There are not pointy anymore.-Hahaha. 下一步 我们来画她的脸Next, we’re going to draw her face. 是个大的U型 从这里开始And it’s gonna be a big ‘U’ shape and it starts right here. 从她的耳朵内侧一点开始Inside her ear, 圆滑着下来comes around. 画下来 在下巴下面Comes down, underneath her jaw. 我有点不稳Well, I’m get a little wobbly, 我们要画上去and we’re going to come back up… 连接到蝴蝶结into her bow. 好的 画得有点抖 我马上把它修正Ok, a little wobbly, I’ll smooth that out in a second. 我们从这里开始We’re going to start right there, 画下了 然后连到这一侧come around and then connect into this side. 所以 如果你想要个大的…So, if you want a big… 几乎是个圆Almost a circle. – 几乎是个圆形- 好的-It’s almost a circle shape.-Okay. 开始画了Here it goes. 是圆吗?Circle? 这是方形 但是没事 继续That’s one of a square, but that’s okay, keep going. – 不用 挺好的 挺好的- 好 好-No, it’s good, it’s good.-Okay, okay. 挺好的 挺好的 我喜欢这个It’s good, it’s good, I like it. 然后我们从这里开始And then we start right here, let’s make it… 你可以画个方形 大概是这样you can make another square, kind of come up like this, so, 那这里也有个小角了there’s a little corner right here, too. 好的Okay. 很好Good. 连上And connect in. 哦 我喜欢这个 是个好形状 我喜欢Oh, I like it, there is a good shape, I like it. – 现在 如果看起来不完美也没事 对吧?- 嗯-Now, it’s okay if it doesn’t look perfect, right?-Yes. 因为什么是最重要的?Because what’s the most important thing? 玩得开心To have fun. 是的 有趣才是最重要的 你几岁了?Yes, to have fun and how old are you? 嗯…7岁Hum… seven. 你7岁了 你做得很好You’re seven years old and you’re doing a great job. – 练习也很重要 对吗?- 对-It’s also important to remember to practice, right?-Yes. 所以 这节课之后 我们可以接着画并练习So, after we do this lesson, we could draw her again and practice. 我保证 第二次就比第一次画得好了And I promise, the second time we draw turn out even better than the first time. 现在 我们画她的鼻子Now, let’s draw her nose. 在她的脸中间 有点靠下It’s right in the middle of her face, but towards the bottom. 是个椭圆形And it’s an oval shape. 好的Okay. 很好 我们来画她的眼睛Good, and then we’re going to draw her eyes. 它们也是椭圆形的 And they’re oval shapes, too. 但是它们的长方向是上下方向的 这个长方向是左右方向的But they’re going up and down, this one’s going left and right. 所以 我们来画上下方向的长方向So, let’s draw it up and down. 上下画 这样Draw up and down, that… 很好 然后我们来填色Good, and then let’s color that in. 然后我们来画另一边的眼睛Then we’re going to draw another one on the other side. 跟这个是一样大小的The same size as this one. 然后填充这个椭圆形And then color that oval in, too. 好的 现在 还不太像hello kittyOkay, now it doesn’t quite look like Hello Kitty, 因为 她的脸上还缺点东西because we’re missing something on her face. – 是的 胡须- 是的 胡须-Yes, whiskers.-Yes, whiskers. 我们来画三条线Let’s draw three lines. 那么来画 一条 两条 三条So, let’s draw one, two, three. 一 二 三One, two, three. 很好 然后这边也有三条Good, and then three on this side. 一 二 三One, two, three. 现在 看起来是hello kitty了Now, it looks like Hello Kitty. – 那么 接下来你要画她的身体了吗?-是的-So, you’ll draw her body next?-Yes. 好 我们来画两条线 每条代表身体的两侧Okay, we’re going to draw two lines one for each side of her body. 我们从她的眼睛下面开始画We’re going to start right under her eye, 向外弯曲and we’re going to curve out. 好的 我们从这里开始Okay, so I’m going to start right, 然后向外弯曲and then curve out. 现在 我们在另一侧画相同的线Now, we’re going to draw that same line on the other side, 从她的眼睛底下开始 然后向外弯曲start right under her eye and then curve out. 很好 现在我们要让这两条线长度相同Good, now we want those to come down to the same length, 然后我们来连接下面And then we’re going to connect the bottom. 所以 我们直接连起来So, we’re going to connect it straight across. 那个就是她的裙子And that’s for her dress… 或者是泳衣 或是其它她的穿着or swimsuit or whatever she’s wearing. 现在 我们来画她的腿Now, let’s draw her legs. 在这里 她的鼻子正下方Right here, right below her nose. 我们来画一条向下的短线We’re going to draw a little line that comes down. 不要太长 在她的鼻子正下方Not too long so let’s come right under her nose. 我们来画……在两腿之间 这里We’re gonna draw… in between her legs, right here. 很好 再画长点Good, let’s draw a little bit longer. 我们来完成她的脚和腿Let’s finish her feet and her legs. 我们从这里开始We’re gonna start right here. 画下来 然后围合起来Come over and then back up. 有点像U型It’s kind of like a ‘U’. U型从这里开始‘U’ shapes start right here. 画下来然后画上去Come back and then back up. 很好 我们来画另一侧Good, now let’s draw the other side. 画相同的线 画过来Do the same line comes over. 与中间的线连接Connects back into the middle. 现在 来画她的脖子Now, let’s draw her neck. 在她的鼻子下面画一个小U型We’re gonna draw a little ‘U’ shape under her nose. 现在 来画她的胳膊Now, let’s draw her arms. 画个小J型或者钩状 从这里出去再回来Draw a little ‘J’ shape or a hook that comes out and back around. 哦 很好Yes, oh, good. 然后 我们在她的胳膊上画一个短线And then we can draw a little line on her arm. 然后 在另一侧再画个相同的胳膊And then let’s draw the same arm on this side. 然后还有那个 在她的And then that last little… 手腕上的短线line on her wrist. 你画得很好 来击掌 Good job you did it, give me five! – 有趣吗?- 嗯-Did you have fun?-Yes. 很好 现在我们要上色Good, alright, now we need to color her. – 这样 她看起来就更可爱了- 嗯-So, she looks even cuter.-Mm-hmm. 我们来用我们的黄色和粉色We’re gonna use our yellow and a pink. 很简单 我们这是对她上色And it’s really easy, we’re just gonna color her… 她的泳衣是粉色的her swimming suit pink, 她的鼻子是黄色的and her nose yellow, 她的蝴蝶结是粉色的and her bow pink. – 准备好快进了吗?- 嗯-You ready to fast forward?-Yes. 我们现在开始了Let’s do it right… now. 【音乐】[Music] – 再问一次 你几岁了- 7岁-How old are you again?-Seven. 7岁的你做的很好 会画hello kitty了7 years old you did awesome and drawing Hello Kitty hats. 你一定很骄傲You can be very proud. 记住 你的画作画得跟我们不一样也不要紧Remember, it’s not important that your drawings look exactly like ours. 最重要的事 你获得了乐趣Most important thing is to have fun. 而且我敢说 如果你练习And I promise, if you practice, 第二次你再画hello kitty时the second time you draw Hello Kitty, 一定比第一次的要好it’ll turn out better than the first time. -朋友们 我们下次再见- 再见-We’ll see you later our friends, goodbye.-Goodbye. 我的耳朵 hello kittyAnd my ears, Hello Kitty. 幼儿艺术中心Art for kids hub
  • 2021-08-30一笔不擦画出一位芭蕾舞演员嗨 大家好 欢迎观看本周二的指导教学Hello my friends and welcometo another Tuesday of tutorial. 我是Leonardo PereznietoI am Leonardo Pereznieto 今天我会重新挑战and today l will take on the challenge again “无橡皮擦作画”of drawing a figure without usingan eraser. 我几个星期前就画过了I did this a few weeks ago 现在我又要再画一遍and I was told to do it again. 首先 你看到的是我在画草图First, as you see, I’m doing the sketch 用的是一只毛笔 笔墨是被稀释成很淡的墨水with a brush pen and with a very light ink, an ink which is diluted. 我从脸和头开始 现在是胳膊和身体I began with the face and head and now the arm and the body. 上半身 腰 然后是腿The upper part, the waistand the leg. 我们在这画另一支胳膊Let’s do the other arm here. 没错 这是一名芭蕾舞女!This is a ballerina!of course. 这种画法就是先用画笔画草图And this technique of firstdoing the sketch with a brush 然后再回过头来and then coming back and go over it 用笔墨润色细节with pen and ink for detail, 这种画法流传已久 早期的大师常这样画is actually pretty antique, that was very much used by the old masters. 我喜欢这样画!I love drawing with it! 绘画大师们一般用棕色笔墨and instead of using their usual brown 但在这里我用的是青灰色偏蓝色的笔墨here I will apply this blueish grayand then more blue, 就是为了看起来更像当代的作品for a more contemporary look. 我们来画腿的形状吧Let’s draw the shape of the leg, 脚踝还有脚the ankle and of the foot. 就像这样Like so. 非常好!Very good! 很棒!Excelente! 到这里我们差不多画好了草图的第一步了We are almost there with this firstpart of the sketch. 我要检查一下大腿到膝盖的长度I want to verify the size of this upper part of the leg to the knee, which is 左边的好像比右边长了一点 所以我要调整一下它it seems just a little longer than this one, so I correct it. 现在我们来画阴影部分以及描影And let’s do some of the shadows,some of the shading. 我画的是比较淡的阴影 因为我用的墨水太淡了Light shading since the ink that I am using is so light. 让我们来强化一下身形 从手 手指Let’s make a little better shape to the hand and fingers and 到胳膊 还有脸部也要画一些阴影to the arm and some shadowing to the face 这样就好啦!and it´s ready! 准备好用钢笔描边Ready to go over with the fountain pen. 既然我们笔下已经有一个粗略的草图了 这下就简单多了Now that we have a rough sketch underneath, this is much easier. 我勾勒出了一些特征 并非所有的I outline some of the features,not all of them. 并且我也要开始画一些更暗的阴影了And I also begin to make someof the darker shading. 比如头发Like of the hair. 我们来画手 胳膊还有手指的轮廓Let’s delineate the hand,the arm and the fingers. 好极了!Alright! 我真的很喜欢这种画法!I really love this technique! 我喜欢用这只百乐Falcon钢笔作画I love to drawing with this PilotFalcon fountain pen! 当然 你并不一定需要这些工具Of course you don’t need allthese materials necessarily. 不用毛笔的话Instead of the brush pen, 你可以仅仅是用普通的画笔 墨笔you can use simply a regular brush, and ink 水彩笔或者细记号笔来画这一部分or watercolor, and a fine markerfor this part. 你如果愿意的话可以先用铅笔画一个简单的草图And you can make if you wish a light sketch with pencil first, 以便于在你需要之时做出校改so that you can make correctionsand erase as needed. 我直接用的是墨笔I went on directly with the ink, 因为这是一个挑战since this is a challenge of “无橡皮擦作画”的挑战using ¨no erasers¨ 但是我不得不说 我喜欢这样but I have to say I love it like this 当你知道你不需精修细改and it helps loosing your hand 你就能放手去画knowing that you will not be fiddling around too much. 很好!Good! 完成啦!Its ready! 我想知道你觉得我画得怎么样呢Please let me know what do you think. 如果你喜欢的话 就请点个赞吧!and if you enjoyed it,please give it a LIKE! 分享给你的朋友并且订阅《美艺技巧》share it to your friendsand subscribe to Fine Art-Tips. 下周二再会啦!And I will see youon Tuesday
  • 2021-08-30中国工艺品:铜艺中国工艺品 铜 鲜亮 牢固 色彩斑斓 雷峰塔铜质结构 当温度达到1083摄氏度时 铜就会融化成液体 从模具中释放出来后 它能自由流动 因为它这个材质都是很美的 它每一个都是不会重复的 当冷却后 铜又恢复了之前的牢固程度 [浇水冷却] [高温火焰] 铜艺品 在浙江省的杭州市 那里有一座铜质房屋 这个房子里外都是用铜做的 朱炳仁 是这个房子的主人 [浇水冷却] 实际上我就是在铜铺里诞生的 铜铺里面叮叮当当的 很热闹 我们那时候烧水呀 都是用铜壶烧的 铜的香炉呀 铜的 这个 水盆呀 也没有材料来替代它 也没有塑料 也没有不锈钢 肯定的 铜是最常见的材料 [敲打声] 铜器皿曾是人们生活中的必需品 [雕刻] 铜器需要细致的工艺 [雕刻时的敲打] 这个好看 把这个焊一下 这个头 [电焊声] 黄铜有个特点 一个是色彩非常好 它就像黄金的色彩 正如我们称呼的那样 黄铜是 62%的铜 和32%的锌组成的合金 这种金属既闪亮又坚固 黄铜工具能够使用几个世纪 [敲击声] 有些地方我们调整它的角度 因为它的质地非常美 有时候它出来的很偶然的啦 它这种形状出来的是非常偶然的 做的过程中也要 把握它 尽量往这个方向靠 铜器是很复杂的 也依赖使用的熔炼技术 很高的熔化温度 使铜能变化出不同的形状 雷峰塔铜质结构 因为铜的熔点是1083摄氏度 融化的时候 它是非常柔性的 形成一种铜的泼墨 液体的铜 让铜匠能够创造出他们想创造的东西 他这个温度一高啊 才能把它融化出来 形状就出来了 温度一低就形不成 现在 你看 温度是540度 开的稍微小一点 开350度 浇出来就比较厚 温度 介质 手的力道 基本上不要动它 有个一两个小洞 液体的铜在不同的条件下 能形成各种不同的形状 经过工匠的手 铜从无法触摸的液体 转变成复杂的固体形状 正是这些复杂的形状 点缀着西湖旁的雷峰塔 香积寺的屋顶上 同样的铜反射出明亮的光线 不只是一个好看的脸 铜工艺品已被证明耐久牢固。 正是这种耐久性让金属焕发生机 让它经受住了时间的考验 实现了真正的不朽 熊猫频道
  • 2021-08-30和Allen Wasterbury学习搭配颜色All right, guys.好的各位 So I’m here with Allen Wasterbury现在在我身边的是Allen Wasterbury and he brought in a few of his colour studies studies that he’s done他曾经提到过一些他自己对于色彩的研究 I think a lot of people, when they do color studies我觉得大多数人 在做色彩研究时 they end up actually just creating muddy paintings实际上 他们最后的画作看起来挺脏的 So h….how….how do you avoid muddy paintings and muddy colors?所以 你是如何避免混乱的色彩搭配的? First thing I would say, one of most important thing is首先 我想说最重要的事之一 you have to ask yourself or tell yourself, you know,是先问问自己或告诉自己 “What’s the temperature of the light?”“光源的色温如何?” Okay好的 Nothing exists in isolation, right?任何东西都不是孤立存在的 对吧? So, hum….things look the way they do because of what’s around them, right?事物呈现的方式 和它们周围的环境有关 So for example,举个例子 if you have something that has warm light 假如你画了个暖光源下的物体 and you make the shadows warm also,又用暖色画它的阴影 it’s gonna look muddy, because it’s warm on warm.看起来就会很混乱 因为暖色调叠加在了一起 And light doesn’t work like that, you know?但是物体在光下的呈现不是那样的 Mum… If you have cool light,假如你画冷光源下的物体 then generally you can say 那么通常情况下 that the shadows are gonna be warm.Okay.阴影处就应该是偏暖色调的 OK. So cool light, warm shadows,所以冷色光对应暖色调阴影 warm light, cool shadows.暖色光对应冷色调阴影 That’s kind of the big 101, you know?这是很重要的入门级的知识 Sometimes it’s really subtle, 有时它们之间的区别 you know, the differences between them.真的很细微 Yeah, I mean, I think it’s pretty obvious in this painting at least. 是的 但是至少在这幅画中很明显 Yeah, you can look at even…可以看到…… Cool light, warm shadows.冷色光 暖色调阴影 Yeah.是的 And the coolest area of light光线的色温最低的区域 is gonna be the closest to the light source.最接近光源 It’s gonna be the lightest and the coolest, all right?这个色调最浅 同时色温也最低 对吧? It’s the closest 因为它离光源最近 so you can see like the highlight right there.所以你能看到这边的高光 But on her chest right here 但在她胸膛这里 seems cool and then it gets warm.似乎是冷色 然后渐变成了暖色 There’s some kind of yellow-greens and yellow-browns这里有些黄绿色和黄棕色 where the coat is casting就在外套投影到 a little bit shadow on her chest.胸口的地方 And I mean even in this one too, warm light,即使在这副画里也是这样 这里是暖色光 you know, then cool as it rolls because the因为光源不在脸的这边 light source isn’t on this part of her face,所以颜色渐变成冷色 and then cool and then it gets warmer as it rolls into the shadow.当进入阴影部分的时候 冷色调慢慢转换成暖色调 Yeah. Well, you have actually a few light source,实际上一幅画会有多处光源 two light sources on that one.像这幅画就有两处光源 You have the main light source that’s kinda on her head or on her face, 主光源大概在在她的头上或者脸上 and then you just have that little light source on here. 还有一个小光源在这里 Yeah. That one’s a little more complex对 因为那幅画有第二个光源 -because of the secondary light source. -Yeah-所以有点更复杂了 -对 Because it seems like if, without the flame,因为如果没有火焰 the light source would be cool.光源的色温就会很低 Like looking at the hand,比如说看她的手 the light’s cool and then the shadows in there are warm.这是冷色光 这里的阴影是暖色的 And then you have that secondary light source which is really warm.而这里的第二光源的色温很高 So you have warm, cool, warm.所以这里是暖色 这里是冷色 这里是暖色 I think when people hear that like warm light, cool shadow,我认为 当人们听到像暖色光配冷色阴影 cool light, warm shadow,冷色光配暖色阴影的时候 they think literally blue and orange or something.他们会从字面上理解为蓝色 橙色或者其他颜色 But it’s not really…you can have…like this is…you’re saying a cool.事实上这并不完全对 比如这里 我们说这一块是冷色的 But if you just take that color in isolation,但是单看这个颜色的话 that’s actually a warmer color.它实际上是暖色的 It’s like a tannish, it’s warmer.它偏向浅棕色 更暖的色调 Depending on what you put around it.这取决于它周围的颜色 If put blue around it…如果它周围是蓝色 If you put gray, if put pure gray around it,如果周围画的是灰色 比如说纯灰色 wouldn’t that be a warm color?这一块不就变成暖色了吗? Well, there’s no such thing as pure gray.其实 没有纯灰这样的说法 Pure gray’s a…纯灰是一种…… Like if you digital…well, if you take a photo. 如果你拍数码照片 Okay, let’s say this.我们这么说吧 If I put this color right here,如果我把这个颜色放在这里 it’ll look warm, right, compared to the blue-green that is around, right?和周围的蓝绿色相比 它看起来色温较高 Just like you see how this color is cooler than this color, right,如你所见 这个颜色比这个要冷 is cooler than this colour.也比这个颜色冷 -Yeah. -It’s in the environment that it’s in-是的 -我们讨论颜色的时候 是把它放在环境中来说的 we’re talking about, not just in general,而不是一般而言地说 ”This is a warm color, this is a cool color.””这是暖色 这是冷色” There’s no such thing, you know?不是这样的 It depends on what it’s around.颜色的冷暖取决于它周围的颜色 That’s a good topic because a lot of times people ask me,这是个好问题 因为很多时候别人都会问我 ” Well, how do I get this color to look really rich?””怎么才能使颜色看起来非常鲜艳呢” Well, generally you put the opposite color around it.通常就是在它周围涂上相反色调的颜色 So say if you have something that’s purple, right,也就是说 如果你画了紫色 how do you get a purple color to look really vibrant?怎么让紫色看起来充满活力呢? Put like a muted yellow around it, right?把柔和的黄色涂在它周围 对吧 Even like a yellow-green or something like that.或是类似黄绿色的颜色 Depending on what temperature the purple is, you know,这要看你画的紫色的色温 it could be a blue-purple, or a red-purple,它可以是蓝紫 或者是红紫 whatever, but put the opposite color around it不管是什么 只要在它周围涂上相反色调的颜色 and then it’ll look really rich, you know so然后这紫色看起来就会很鲜艳 And a lot of people do…大多数人是这样做的…… I mean, I’ll talk about Zorn a little bit more too.我想再谈谈佐恩的画 With those girls that he paints outside,他在室外画的那些女孩 they have a little bit of red in their hair or on their lips. 她们的头发或嘴唇都有一点红色 So whatever, and then the background’s green.然后画的背景是绿色的 You know, it’s kind of the forest usually.通常是在森林什么的 So green and red, you know, complements.你知道的 绿色和红色是互补色嘛 So he does it all the time, you know.所以他一直都是用这种手法 And a lot of painters do.大多数画家也经常用 I think one of the most popular color compliments is green-red,我觉得绿色- 红色组合是最流行的互补色之一 and also orange and blue,还有橙色和蓝色 a lot of orange and blues.大量橙色和蓝色 Not too many purple and yellows.少量的紫色和黄色 But yeah, that’s how you do it.但是 这要看你怎么去画它 You know, you push opposites against each other.如果都用相反色调的颜色 And they could be muted opposites.它们的对比会变得柔和 They can be really rich or they could be really muted.可以很鲜艳 也可以很柔和 It depends what you’re painting.这取决于你画的是什么 You know, if you’re painting a sunset, you know,如果画日落 a sunset’s a great example of color theory.日落是说明色彩理论的好例子 You know, what color is the sunset?落日是什么颜色? What color are the shadows on a sunset? Right?落日里的阴影是什么颜色? shadow‘s usually purple-blue, right?阴影通常是紫蓝色的 对吧? Because why? Well,为什么呢? the sun is orange and it’s really low on the horizon.因为落日是橙色的 并且在地平线很低的位置 So it’s pushing,所以色彩是推动变化的 you know, its hum….it’s color really intensive on the mountains, right?落日的颜色在山上很强烈 And so the shadows are the opposite, right?所以阴影的颜色是相反的色调 They’re blue-purple.是紫蓝色的 You know, they’re also facing directly up generally towards the sky阴影通常也正对着天空 and the sun is not washing them out.同时阳光也不会使它们消失 But that’s a great time to witness how color works in sunset.但这是观察落日颜色的好时机 It’s very difficult to paint that time在这时画画是非常难的 because you only have like 5 to 10 minutes before it changes dramatically,因为在它发生明显变化之前 你只有5到10分钟 but it’s a great time to witness really directional light 但这是观察平行光的大好时机 and what the colors are in the shadows and in the lights. 还可以观察光和阴影分别是什么颜色 Okay so, but like with…好 going back to this whole cool warm thing, this is… you’re saying this is cool,再回到这幅画 我们说这一块是冷色的 but it’s not like blue.但是它不是偏向蓝色 It’s just cooler它只是色调偏冷 because I….I just wanna make sure people don’t misinterpret the warm and cool.我希望大家能正确理解冷暖色调 Because when people say cool, they think blue, and warm,因为大家一说到冷色 就会想到蓝色 they think orange or red or whatever.一说起暖色 就会想到橙色 红色等等 So when you say you’re gonna make the light cool,所以我们说画冷色光 that doesn’t literally mean like put this blue up there.并不是照字面意思 像这样画成蓝色 It could just be a slightly cooler version of this,有可能只是 画上比这个颜色冷一点的颜色 and that will read it as a cooler light.这就是对冷光的解读 -Right? -Exactly.-是吧? -正是这样 It’s a relationship, because there’s no intrinsic,”This is cool color, this is a warm color.”这是一种相互关系 因为没有固有的“冷色”和“暖色” You know, it’s just in relationship to whatever’s next to it.这是一种颜色与它周围颜色的相互映衬关系 You know, so on flesh tones,所以对于肉色调 unless you have a really powerful light source like from a除非有非常强的光源 比如 neon light or a flame or something like that,霓虹灯或者火焰之类的 generally like flesh colors are gonna be fairly muted.不然一般来说肉色都会相当柔和 You know, there’s not gonna be a lot of color on them at all.肉色上不会有太多颜色 And you know, sometimes it’s fun to put a lot of color on them有时肉色上多点颜色也很有意思 like a flame or, you know,比如火焰的颜色 an intensive gel or like a neon light.一种速效啫喱 或者霓虹灯的颜色 I mean, in the movie industry they do it all the time.这是电影行业的惯用手法 They put a…他们放一种 you know, like they do a detective movie or whatever,就像拍侦探电影什么的 they’ll maybe have like a street sign shining on some character in the movie.会让街灯照耀着演员 But it depends on what you wanna say.这取决于你想要表达什么 And a lot of times those kind of images too connotate, that type of scenery.很多时候这些画面或者这种表现风格内涵较多 Like you see a real bright light on someone’s face,比如你看到某人脸上的亮光 you kinda think maybe it’s like a street light或许你会觉得这像是路灯 or some kinda an artificial light.或者人造灯打在人脸上的光 You don’t think they’re out in the forest,就不会认为这些人是在外面的的树林里 unless maybe you’re doing like an alien abduction kinda scene.除非他们可能在拍像外星人绑架之类的场景 So your brain interprets right away when you see something like that.所以当看到这样的画面 你的大脑就会马上进行解读 That’s why detail is not important with these comps too.这就是为什么 有了这些色彩的对比 其他细节都不重要 You know, your brain interprets what’s going on.你的大脑会解读正在发生的事 But yeah, warm and cool,对于暖色和冷色 that took me a long time to figure out, you know, the differences我花了很长时间去弄明白 between temperatures. Yeah.他们色温的区别 And it’s usually more… yeah,通常 它们之间的区别 like it’s usually more subtle than people think.比人们想象的还要细微 Super subtle.非常难以察觉 Like for example, you could see some real nice temperature changes in here.举个例子 这里可以看到很明显的色温变化 Like when you compare the light on her hand,拿她手上的光与阴影相比较的话 it’s cooler than the shadows.手的光比阴影处的色调要冷 And you know, it’s cooler than the shadows in here and stuff,so you think,手的色调比外套在胸口的投影还有手的阴影都要冷 “Okay, that’s a cool light.”所以我们说“是的 这是冷光” But then when you compare that cool light on a hand to the cool light on the….was但是当把手上的光和…… that a book or?这是书还是? It’s a piece of paper.是一张纸 A piece of paper, that piece of paper is cooler than the hand.和这张纸相比较的话 纸上的光比手的光偏冷一些 So it makes the whole hand feel warm even所以这种对比使人感觉她的整个手是暖色调的 though the light on the hand is cool.即使单看手的色温很低 -So it’s all these relationships making things feel the way they are. -Yeah.-所以 正是这种相互关系让我们感觉到事物呈现的色调 -对 Well, that’s a good point too. 这是个不错的观点 Just I wanna kind of riff on that real quick.我希望能够很快地说出这样的话 When you do whatever paintings you’re doing,无论你在画什么画 you have to make sure that the temperatures are consistent.都必须确保画的色温是一致的 There can’t be warm light on her face,她的脸上不能有暖光 cool light on her chest, warm light on her hands.胸口不能有冷光 手上不能有暖光 You know, it’ll look odd.因为这看起来很奇怪 You know, it won’t…它不会 a lot of times it’ll look muddy or it’ll look like it’s the wrong value. 很多时候看起来会很模糊 或者色调变化不明显 Just sometimes it’ll look like it’s rubber.有时候它看起来像是橡胶 Especially if everything’s too warm,尤其是如果所有颜色都用暖色的话 things look like they’re kinda made out rubber.这些颜色看起来就会像橡胶一样糊 So there’s all kinds of weird effects that happen所以如果不保持色温的一致 if you don’t get the temperatures consistent,就会产生各种奇怪的效果 you know?是吧 And…I mean, weird things happen with color.嗯……我的意思是颜色会很奇怪 You know, like on that piece of paper,就像是上面的这张纸 I remember looking at some of the reference photos and我记得看那些参考照片时 her hand was reflecting some warm back up into that piece of paper.她的手正在反射一些暖光到这张纸的背面 So there’s a degree of reflected light on the paper from her hand,所以她的手反射了一些光到纸上面 I didn’t put it in我没有在纸上画出这个光 the comp but I remember there being, you know,但是 我记得纸那里 some warms in there too.是有一些暖色的 And so you never know what color is gonna do.所以你永远不会知道颜色会产生什么效果 It’s a weird animal,它是个奇怪的东西 so that’s why you really have to be a really good observer.所以你必须得成为一个好的观察者 But the main thing is that your light temperatures are consistent, you know?最重要的是光的色温要一致 Oh yeah, also, you know,噢 是的 你也知道 you wanna make sure like the temperatures on her skin are the你得确保她皮肤上的色温和 same temperatures that are on her jacket.外套上的色温是一样的 You can see like this is a cool kinda dark.可以看到像这里是冷色调 有点像黑色 It might be hard to see that in the video.视频上可能很难看清楚 But yeah, you’ve gotta see that in life. 但是你在生活中能观察到 Yeah. Some of the things you’re not gonna see.对 有一些东西你可能无法看到 I mean, photos a lot of times make the blacks just kind of matte我的意思是 很多时候画上的黑色没什么光泽 and they can’t see too所以大家看不到 But up close, you can, you know?但是靠近一点 你就可以看到 And that’s why it looks good when这里我加了一点点暖色 I put a little warm bits coming through 使这副画看起来还不错 because it’s warms against cools因为冷色和暖色对比 and the temperature shifts playing against each other.色温变化相互作用 And that’s important but the warms can’t overwhelm the cools.这点很重要 但是暖色不能压倒冷色 Otherwise, it’ll kill the overall lighting on the painting,否则会毁掉画作上的整体光线 it’ll look weird.那样看起来会很怪 Like she has a pattern on there or something. Okay.对 就好像她上面有个图案或是什么东西 So is there any other advice所以进入下一个问题前 for avoiding muddy colors before we move on the next question? Well,对如何避免色彩混乱 您还有其他建议吗? I mean…yeah, I could give you a bunch.我意思是……好吧 我可以给一些建议 One thing I would say is,我想说的是 you know, use a different brush for like if you’re gonna have我们假设要画一副肖像画 one brush for the light areas of… like if you’re doing…如果要画浅色区域 let’s say you’re doing a portrait,建议用另一支不同的画笔 One brush for the light areas, one brush for the dark areas.一支笔画浅色区域 一支笔画深色区域 And then have another brush for maybe the background 然后再拿另外一支笔画背景 and maybe another brush for if there is like dark areas.换一支笔画比如深色的区域 Like…just like this one, for example.比如这个例子 I had one I brush with this, one brush with that.我用一支笔画这里 一支笔画那里 You know, one brush with this,一支笔画这里 one brush with that with the shadows.一支笔画这里的阴影 Because I don’t want this color to get into this color, right?因为我不想颜色混在一起 Because that’s gon na…因为它会…… if you have a really light color and you mix it into a dark color,如果将特别浅的颜色混进深色里 it’ll make like chalk.就会变成像粉笔一样的效果 You know, it… one more way to say it,你懂的 换个说法而已 but it’s really easy to do that.但这种情况很容易发生 Even…like with my students a lot of times, I’ll say,”Well, cool down.”甚至很多时候 我会告诉我的学生“将色温降低一点” Like maybe they’re trying to get this flesh color right here,比如说他们想把这里的肉色画出来 and I’ll say,” Well, cool that down a little bit.”我就会说”这里的色温要低” And generally people will say,”Okay.他们一般会说 “好的 I’ll add blue to that.”我加点蓝色” And I’ll say,”No, don’t add blue to that.”然后我就说 “别加蓝色” So like for example, if you have ultramarine blue,举个例子 比如说有群青色颜料 I would say,” Get some ultramarine blue, mix that with white, right?我说”在群青色里加点白色” And then so you have like a really light color ultramarine blue,然后就有了非常淡的群青色 just with white就只加白色 然后 And then, add that color to the flesh tone.” 然后 把那种颜色和肉色混在一起 Right, you wanna match the value and then add it to your… Yeah.你想要匹配色调的变化 把它加到… You don’t want that blue to overwhelm that color.你不想这个蓝色淹过这个颜色 And it’ll also make it darker, so…而且它还会让颜色变深 所以 -and you’re not necessarily trying to make it darker. -Right.-没必要去把颜色变深 -对 -You’re just trying to shift the color. -Exactly shift the temperature.-你只需试着换一下颜色 -准确来说是改变色温 And they don’t make like a light blue. Oh,他们画的不像浅蓝色 they do, their king’s blue.他们画的是钴蓝色 Like more of like a king’s blue.更像是钴蓝色 Like if you had king’s blue, that’d be great.如果是钴蓝色 那就太棒了 Kings’ blue is very much of a convenience color.钴蓝色是一个非常方便的颜色 But if you just have like a real simple primary palette,但是如果你只有一种简单的主色调 you don’t wan na kill the initial color,而你不想要扼杀原色 whatever it is.无论是什么原色 So you don’t wanna add a real powerful color比如你不会想增加非常强烈的色彩 to adjust the slight temperature of, for example, a flesh tone.去稍稍调整肉色的色温 You just wanna do it a little bit.你只想稍稍调整 I do the same with green.我画绿色也是这样的 If I had like Viridian,如果我有鲜绿色颜料 I’d add a white to the Viridian first and then add that to the首先 我会把白色加到鲜绿色里面 flesh color.然后再把它加到肉色里 Because you’re just shifting it a little bit, just tempering it,因为你仅仅把颜色改变了一点点 只是中和了它 you know, just a little bit.对 只是一点点 But I see that all the time.但是我一直看我的学生画画 I say,” Well, you know, cool that down, warm that up, or whatever.”我说:“好 这里色温降低一点 那里色温调高一点啥的” and they’ll add like orange to something or, you know, ultramarine blue.然后他们会加一些橘色或类似的颜色到群青色里去 And then the color and the value will totally change. 然后色彩和色调就会完全改变 Students just do things and they think that this is the right way to do it.学生们只是想当然地做他们认为正确的事情 They don’t even think about it, they just do it.他们甚至没有去思考 就这样做了 And it’s like,”Whoa, geez.这就像 “哎呀 You had nice flesh tone and now it’s gone.”你本来有一个完美的肉色 现在没有了” You know, the value and the temperature are both completely off the scale.色调变化和色温完全混乱 So yeah, you’re just trying to temper the shifts in color.你仅仅是想调和色彩变化 And it’s important.这是很重要 Like even on this on this dog, you can see…像这幅画里的狗 see these little blue shifts right here to where你看啊 从这里到狗爪旁边的蓝布 his paw was closer to the blue fabric?可以看到蓝色的细微变化 It’s gonna have more influence with the blue.这可能对蓝色产生更多的影响 I didn’t add like this color to that, right?我没有把像这种颜色画在这里 对吧? It’s just a blue with a little bit of white to that color.我只是往蓝色加了一点白色 就得到了那个颜色 And that’s how I got that color.这就是我画那个颜色的方法 If added this to that, it would be darker and almost greenish.如果我把这个加入到那个颜色中 颜色就会变深 几乎会成绿色 Right. Yeah. Because you’re adding it to a yellowish tone.是的 因为你把它加进了淡黄色调里 Right. Yeah.对 It would, yeah. Okay.没错 While we have you…this one here, you brought this.我们来看看你带来的这幅画 This is the demo that you did for us.这是你给我们做的演示 We went over to your studio and we我们去了你的工作室 filmed you painting this one for three days.我们拍你画这幅画的过程 拍了三天 And this, we recorded it我们记录了它 and we have a separate product at proko.com/westerberg.我们在proko.com/westerberg有不同的作品 Really, you could just explore ‘how Allen paints’.你只需要搜索’Allen如何画画’就行了 He explains everything, his whole process.他解释了他画画的整个过程 现在一睹为快吧…… I really like being able to create something,我非常喜欢可以创作某样东西 give birth to something that’s my own.做出我自己的作品 You can tell a lot about a person你可以通过一个人的画作 by looking at a painting that the person did.了解到这个人 Every single painting that you do or I do is a self portrait.你我画的每一幅画都是自画像 And you can tell exactly who that person was 并且你能准确地了解到他是谁 and how they were thinking when they were painting以及他画画的时候在想什么 A lot of personality goes into a painting.从一幅画可以看出作者的诸多个性 That’s something that’s an exist beyond me 这是一种超越自身的存在 and also, I kinda have that lineage of the painters came before me我家族都是画家 我有画家的血统 A human being is very complex.人类很复杂 You know, color is very complex.色彩也很复杂 The more you understand it, the more freedom you have in painting.你对色彩理解的越深刻 你绘画时就越得心应手 If you’re kind of new to color如果你不熟悉颜色 and you’re not really comfortable painting with a lot of color 不太喜欢画色彩丰富的画 I would say, paint with a lot of color.我想说 用多种色彩画画吧 Set up a still a life or a model or a figure or whatever.创作生命的静止时刻 或模型 或人物 还是其他 And put a lot of color in there.涂上丰富的颜色 The more you try to paint things with more color,你越多地尝试用丰富的色彩画画 the easier it is to understand color.你对色彩的理解就会更容易 You’d be surprised at how much you learn and how much you grow.你所学到的东西和你的成长 会使你大吃一惊的
  • 2021-08-28移除红眼以及美白牙齿PS教程祛红眼&美白牙齿Photoshop PlaybookRemoving Red Eye & Whitening Teeth 两个在修图中最常见的场景Two of the most common scenarios for retouching 分别是闪光灯光在眼睛中血液组织上反射而导致的红眼are red eye which is caused by the flash bouncing off the blood vessels in your eyes, 和由于不刷牙导致的牙齿美白问题and teeth whitening or lightning which can be caused by not brushing your teeth, 有的时侯 也会由某些闪光灯的问题引起or more often than not, some sort of issue with the lighting. 我将会教你如何用PS快速的解决以上两个问题I’m gonna show you how to fix both really quickly and easily in Photoshop. 我们先来看看这个红眼Let’s take a look at red eye here first, 你会发现在底下有一个“红眼矫正”的工具 就在修正工具这一栏里and you’ll notice that there’s a tool for red eye nested here with our retouching tools at the bottom. 然后我们用 Command+ 放大图片观察一下我们要处理的部分And we’ll zoom in using Command+ just to take a look at what we’re working with. 我们要做的就是选中这两片区域All I need to do is draw a box around each of these, 然后神奇的PS就完美的解决了我们的问题and Photoshop magically fixes it. 九成以上PS可以完美修饰红眼 这样就很不错了90% – 95% the time it does a great job and that’s all there’s to it. 你也可以用“Camera Raw”来解决这个问题You can also do this using Camera Raw. 现在我们来看看牙齿 这些会比较有难度Let’s take a look at teeth because those are a little trickier. 好 当我们要美白牙齿或给牙齿增亮的时候 工作就比较多了Ok, so when it comes to lighting and whitening teeth, we have a little more work ahead of us. 当然 先放大图片First thing I want to do here is zoom in. 我们再放大一些 我用“Command+”或者“-”放大图片Let’s get in real close, I’m hitting Command+ or – to zoom, 我们也可以用“放大工具”就在这里or I could use the zoom tool, right here. 我按空格之后就会出现一个可以移动的手动工具If I hit the spacebar, that’ll give me a Hand Tool and I can move around a bit. 首先用“增亮工具”稍微打点光上去First thing I wanna do is lighten them a little bit, and for that we’re gonna use the Dodge Tool. 我们把“增亮工具”设定到中等硬度确认我们把曝光调到很低We’re gonna set the Dodge Tool to mid tones and make sure our exposure is really low. 我们可以用“Ctrl+Option”或者“Ctrl+Alt”来调整笔刷大小接着左右拖动We can change the size of our Brush using ‘Ctrl+Option’ or ‘Ctrl+Alt’, and drag left to right, 接着选择一个合适于你的编辑对象大小的笔刷and just choose a brush that’s about the size of whatever you’re editing. 你可以上下移动鼠标来调节硬度And you can move up and down to change the hardness. 我要调节它使硬度为一半I want that to be about midway through, 最后只要拖动笔刷把每颗牙齿都涂亮and I’m just gonna to come through and drag over each tooth to lighten it. 润饰得不错 但我想把阴影里的牙齿也打上点光And it did a pretty good job but I want to brighten the ones in the shadows a bit more. 所以 现在我要改成“阴影模式”So, now, I’m gonna change to Shadows. 只要点击这些I can just click on those. 这样我们就可以把最下面的牙齿也打上光了And let’s go ahead and get the ones at the very bottom too, 再放大些用“Ctrl+Option”来找一个小一点的笔刷zoom in a little bit more, hit Ctrl+Option to get a smaller brush, 最后只要把最底下的这些牙齿再美白一下就好了and just brighten those teeth at the bottom a little more. 看上去不错 现在我们来在颜色上下点功夫they look good. Now I wanna work on the fact that there’s a bit of a colour cast. 所以我们打开“取色工具”And to do that, we’re gonna grab our Colour Sampler Tool, 选择一个颜色choose a colour, 从“取色器”上拿出那个grab that from the Colour Picker, 我们要做的就是选择稍微向左移动一些and what we wanna do is just choose slightly to the left 我们降低一下饱和度We wanna desaturate the colour a little bit. 不要选白色 那样会比较奇怪You don’t wanna choose white, that would look really strange. 所以 点击这里同样的色调 降低饱和度So, we’re just gonna click over here, same tone, less saturated 拿“笔刷工具”grab a brush tool, 把“笔刷工具”改成“颜色”change our Brush tool to Colour. 我们稍微降低些不透明度Let’s pull our Opacity down a little. 再次调整笔刷大小Again, change our Brush size, 现在我们只要一个一个涂过去And now, we’re just going to go one by one through these, 然后小心地涂过这些我们想修改的地方and carefully paint over the areas that we wanna work on here. 我选择了一个更小的笔刷来涂底部I wanna select an even smaller brush for the bottom. 只要这样涂过去just drag that across, 如果我们取消and if we revert that, 就可以清楚的看见这些牙齿原先比较黑 比较暗淡无光we’ll see here the teeth were darker and discoloured, Command+Z 更亮 更白Command+z, brighter and whiter. 这需要花费些时间和精力来准确地完成这项工作So, it takes a little bit time, a little bit precision, 即便如此 移除红眼和美白牙齿仍然只需要几步 非常快捷方便but you’ll see that you can quickly brighten up the teeth and remove the red eye in just a few steps. PS教程订阅 跳转到PS教程播放列表Photoshop PlaybookSubscribe Go to PS Playbook Playlist
  • 2021-08-28铅绘阴影教学:介绍嘿 我叫达琳 你现在正在收看《快速美术教程》 我将在这段视频中 为你介绍四种简单的着色技巧 使你画出的纹理看起来更加真实 填充图画 有助于更好地呈现画作内容 着色技巧 这是我最常用的四种技巧 排线 交叉排线 循环阴影 轮廓阴影 并排画出的线条叫做排线 由于这些线条样式统一 所以很适合绘制木纹 拉丝金属和指甲等物体的阴影 仅举几例 交叉排线 线条在这里相互交叉形成排线 适合绘制某种织物或皮肤上细纹的纹理 循环排线 它是由许多圆环重叠组成 适合呈现柔软或毛茸的表面 大量用于给逼真的皮肤着色 轮廓阴影 你可以用它绘制线条 表达观点 轮廓线可以任意延伸 非常适用于对沿表面延伸的线条进行着色 例如苹果 洋葱和嘴唇 示例中的线条还能增加一倍绘制成唇纹 对于每种着色技巧 下笔力度越大 画出的阴影就会显得越深 绘制的线条越密集 阴影效果越平滑 组合技巧 只要你觉得合适 这些着色技巧可以组合使用 我用了四种技巧为这只有皱纹的手绘制阴影 组合使用这些方法 有助于绘制褶皱皮肤中各种常见的纹理 我用循环阴影打基础 使整个皮肤上的纹理连贯 看起来就像皮肤上的细纹 排线和轮廓线用来表现围绕手形伸展的皮肤 排线也很适合绘制指甲 尤其是明显有条纹的指甲 交叉排线很少用于在指关节周围绘制逼真的皱纹 原因是指关节那里的皮肤很厚 我通过变换下笔的力度使某些线条更暗 而这只是为了让它看起来更加的真实随意 现在你不必坚持只用这四种技巧 因为还有很多别的技巧可以用 或者自己创作你想要的纹理和样式 实践 你可以做些有趣的练习 练习一 选择着色技巧从左到右画一排正方形 记住 下笔的力度越大 阴影越深 线条越密集 阴影效果越平滑 练习二 为各种常见的物体画草图 用最适合表现它们的着色技巧绘制阴影 例如 我想给玩具马绘制阴影 让它看起来是木制的 尤其在某些线条更暗的时候 排线看起来与木纹相似 这个粗麻袋是用质地很厚的材料编织的 交叉排线将用于绘制这个麻袋 但我为了让麻袋显得更加立体 将交叉排线和轮廓阴影两种技巧组合使用 称为交叉轮廓线 通常泰迪熊摸起来毛茸茸的 还记得哪一种技巧能绘制出柔软的纹理吗 没错 就是循环阴影 我画的圆圈越多 纹理就会显得越柔和 你可以任意尝试不同的技巧 看看它会如何改变外观和感觉 你也可以组合使用着色技巧或是自己创作 这里有一些物品供你练习 为每一件物品画出草图 并且选择一种或几种最能表现纹理的着色技巧 每件物品所使用的纹理实际上由你决定 不仅发挥了创造力 还能从中获得乐趣 如果你喜欢本教程 支持并订阅我的频道以获取更详细的绘图教程 让我了解下次你想看的内容 谢谢收看
  • 2021-08-28如何画皮卡丘(彩色的)Hey, our friends, we’re so glad you’re with us!朋友们好 很高兴和你们在一起! We hope you’re gonna follow along.跟着我们一起画吧 – Who are we drawing today? – Pikachu! – 今天我们画谁? – 皮卡丘! – You ready to start? – Yes!– 准备好了吗? – 准备好了! Let’s first draw his eyes right in the middle of the paper towards the top.我们先在纸的正中间画他的向上看的眼睛 And we’re gonna draw two circles我们要画两个圆 and we want to space about just a little bit too.还要空出一点儿地方 So we’re gonna draw the first circle right here,所以在这儿画第一个圆 and we’re gonna leave a space我们要留一点儿地方 and we’re gonna draw the other circle over here.在这儿画另一个圆 And we want both circles to be the same size.两个圆要一样大 Good!好! Like right here?在这儿吗? Yeah, that’s a good spot.是的 是个好位置 Perfect, now we’re gonna draw the reflection in his eyes.完美 现在我们画他眼里的光芒 We’re gonna draw another circle up here in the top right,在右上方这里画上另一个圆圈 and then another circle on this one in the top left.然后在这一个的左上方再画一个圆 Cross-eyed!对眼儿! Yeah, he looks a little cross-eyed.是的 他看上去有点对眼儿 But we’re gonna color in the big circle,只把大圆涂上颜色 and leave those small circles white.留那两个小圆是白色的 Good job. Now we’re gonna draw his nose,画得真好 现在我们要画鼻子 and it’s just a little dot or a little dash at the bottom,它只是底部的一个小点或一个小破折号 so it’s lined up with the bottom in between his eyes.就在他两眼之间的下面 Good. Now let’s draw his mouth好 现在我们画嘴 and let’s draw… we’re gonna leave a little space,让我们画……要留点儿空间 and put a point that’s the middle of his mouth,画一个点 这个点是嘴的中间点 and then from that point we’re gonna draw a U-shape,然后从这个点开始画一个U形 and then we’ll draw another U-shape on the other side.然后在另一边画另一个U形 -There we go, that’s really simple, huh? -Yeah.– 画好了 很简单 对吧? – 对 Okay, now we’re gonna draw the outside of his head,好 现在来画头的外围 and we’re gonna start with the top从头顶开始 and we’re gonna start right above this eye,从这只眼睛的正上方开始 and we’re gonna draw a rainbow line画一条彩虹线 that goes over to the other eye and stops.跨过来到另一只眼睛 停 Good. And then we’re gonna leave little gaps on both sides,好 然后我们在两边留点儿缺口 so we’re gonna draw his cheek on this side first,先在这边画脸颊 so we’ll draw a little bump画点儿小鼓包 that comes in towards his eye,向眼睛这边来 and then, it’s gonna come back out for his cheek.然后向外返回画脸颊 That’s pretty easy huh?很简单 对吧? Yeah是的 – Good, yeah. That looks really good. – Ha-ha.– 好 看起来很好 – 哈哈 Now we’re gonna draw that same thing on the other side.现在在另一边同样画一遍 So a little bump that comes back in towards his eye,所以向眼睛这边拐 画出小鼓包 and we’ll come back out for his cheek.接着向外返回 画出脸颊 I got a little wobbly,我有点儿不稳 that’s okay.没关系 -We’re practicing, right? -Yeah– 我们是在练习 对吧? – 对 There we go.画好了 Yeah, that looks good, I like it.对 看起来很好 我喜欢 -He’s got chubby cheeks. -Yeah.– 他的脸颊胖乎乎的 – 是 Ha-ha, OK, now i’m gonna make sure at the very bottom哈哈 好 现在我要确保在最底部 that his little cheeks come in closer together.它的小脸颊是比较靠近的 Right down here at the bottom,就在下面 在底部 this little space gets closer together.小缺口变得更狭窄了 Good. now, let’s draw the circles on each of his cheeks好 现在我们在每一个脸颊上画圆 and their half-circles,在脸颊的半圆上画 so we’re gonna draw a circle over here on this side我们在这边画一个圆 connects to his cheek,跟他的脸颊相连 and will draw a circle on this side.在这边也画一个 -And we want those to be the same size right? -Yes.– 我们想让这两个圆一样大 对吧? – 对 It’s symmetrical它是对称的 and symmetry means the same on both sides.对称就是两边一样 All right, now, let’s draw his ears.好了 现在画耳朵 We’ll start right here next to this gap,我们从缺口旁边画起 and we’re gonna draw a curve that comes out向外画一条的弧线 and then back in close to the other side of the gap.然后回来靠近缺口的另一边 Yes, perfect.好 完美 OK, now, at the top, let’s draw a little diagonal line,现在在顶部画一条小斜线 and then color in the tip of his ear.然后把耳尖涂上颜色 Ha-ha, perfect. Now, we’re gonna draw his other ear,哈哈 完美 现在画另一只耳朵 and we want to make sure that they’re the same size.我们要确保它们的大小一样 And we’re gonna do the same steps, too.重复做相同的步骤 So we’re gonna draw a curve that comes down所以我们画一条向下走的弧线 and connects close to the gap,跟缺口相连 and we’ll come back over here又回到这里 and draw the other side of his ear.画耳朵的另一边 – Ha ha ha ha – Ha-ha– 哈哈哈哈 – 哈哈 Then we can draw that diagonal line at the very end然后在末端画一条斜线 and then color the tip.然后把尖部涂上颜色 – What should we draw next? – Body.– 接下来画什么呢? – 身体 OK! We’re gonna draw an S-line on both sides.好!在两边都画上S线 So we’re gonna start right next to the dot,就在这个小点旁边开始画 the circle on his cheek,脸颊的圆旁边 and we’re gonna come down and then curve back out.向下再向外弯曲 He’s gonna be sitting,他是坐姿 a little S-line.会有点儿S线 Curves one way and then the other way.一边画了曲线 然后另一边 Good, and they were gonna draw that same S-line.好 两边都画一样的S线 On the other side, we’ll start right at the bottom of the dot.在另一边 就从这个点的底下开始画 Curve one way and then back the other way.在一边画曲线 然后另一边 Ha, good.哈 好 Now we’re gonna draw his front legs,现在我们要画前腿 so we’ll start right next to his neck,就从脖子旁边开始 we’re gonna draw a curve that comes down,向下画一条弧线 towards the middle.凸向中间 And we’re gonna draw a curve on the other side,另一边也画一条弧线 that’s exactly the same but opposite.一模一样的 但是方向相反 -Right? -Yeah.– 对吧? – 对 Symmetry. There we go.对称 我们画好了 Now let’s draw the outside of his front legs.现在画前腿的外侧 So we’ll come over here我们来到这儿 and we’ll draw a curve that comes towards the middle,画一条向中间走的弧线 where his wrist is.他的手腕在这儿 Good, and then we’ll do the same thing on the other side.好 然后我们在另一边同样画一下 And we want to make sure that they’re… that they look the same width.我们要确保它们看起来一样宽 Now let’s just fingers现在来画手指 and we’re gonna draw five little fingers.我们要画五个小手指 Little v-shapes that are down here,在这下面的小V形 and it’s okay if you don’t get all five.如果你没画五个 也没关系 You can just try to do your best,你只要尽力就好 and do a little zig-zag.画一点儿锯齿线 How many? I did four, yeah.多少个?我画了四个 – See I messed up, ha ha ha ha… – One, two, three, four, five. – 看 我都弄乱了 哈哈 – 1 2 3 4 5 – Did you get them? – Yeah. – Good.– 你都画好了吗? – 是的 – 好 Then we can do the same thing on the other side… 2… 3…然后我们在另一边同样画一下 2 3…… I’ll just do four again, ha ha ha ha…我又画四个 哈哈哈…… He’s missing his thumb.他丢了大拇指 Alright, next, let’s draws feet.好了 接下来画脚 So here we’re gonna start,从这儿开始 we’re gonna draw an oval shape right here,在这画一个椭圆形 and it’s not gonna connect.不要连上 So we’re gonna come up,画上来 and then back down like this.再下来 像这样 Like we’re drawing an oval,就像我们要画一个椭圆形 but we don’t want to connect,但是不要连上 we want to leave a little gap.要留一点儿缺口 Good job!干得好! And then we’re gonna draw two lines for his toes,然后我们画两条线作为脚趾 one, two.一 二 And then we’ll draw the bottom of his leg right here.然后在这儿画腿的底部 Good, now, let’s do the same thing on the other side,好 现在在另一边同样画一遍 and we want to make sure that this foot is the same size.我们要确保这只脚是一样的大小 So we’ll draw another oval, comes out再画一个椭圆形 向外 comes down, draw the heel,向下 画脚跟 comes back up向上返回 and then leave a gap.然后留个缺口 Perfect, and then we can draw those toes,完美 然后我们可以画脚趾了 two little lines.两条小线 And then we’ll draw the bottom of his leg.然后画腿的底部 Good, and then… we’re missing one little line好 然后……我们在他的前腿之间 in between his front legs right here.少了一条线 We did it,我们画好了 – except we’re missing one thing, we’re… – His tail.– 除了还差一个…… – 尾巴 – Yeah, we’re missing the coolest part, his tail. – Yes.– 对 还差最酷的部分 尾巴 – 是的 So right here we’re gonna draw one side of his tail first,我们先在这儿画尾巴的一边 and it’s gonna go behind his head,尾巴在脑袋后消失 so we’re using overlapping,我们来回交叠着画 we’re gonna draw a sideways V-shape.我们要画一个侧面的V形 OK, then we’ll come back up here,好 然后向上回到这儿 and we’re gonna draw the top of his tail,接着画尾巴的顶部 so it’s a big curve comes out.画出一个大弧线 And then we’re gonna draw the end of his tail,接着画尾巴的底部 so we’ll draw a line down画一条线下来 and then we’re gonna draw zigzag line or sideways W.然后画锯齿线或侧W线 So here we go, we’re gonna come in,开始画 往里走 and then back out,再出去 so there’s the first part,第一部分就有了 good, and then we’re gonna come back in,好 然后我们要再画进来 and then one last bump.最后一次“颠簸而行” Chuckers, man, you did awesome!伙计 天啊 你做得太棒了! – Did you have fun? – Yeah!– 好玩吗? – 好玩! He turned out really cool.他真的很酷 – Now we need to color him, don’t we? – Yes.– 现在我们需要给他上色 是不是? – 是 OK, let’s fast-forward.好 我们快进 [music][音乐] – Chuckers, we finished coloring Pikachu, man! – Yeah.– 伙计 我们完成了皮卡丘的着色 天啊! – 是的 Ya did awesome!你真棒! – That was a lot of yellow, wasn’t it? Ha-ha. – yes.– 好多黄色 对不对?哈哈 – 对 Now, we use dark orange down at the bottom for shading,现在我们使用深橙色涂底部的阴影 and we also use orange under his chin.下巴下面也涂上橙色 We added red for his cheeks, brown on his tail.脸颊涂红色 尾巴涂棕色 And we even added a little extra reflections in his eyes甚至用白色的铅笔在眼睛里 with our white colored pencil.补充了点儿反光 And we hope you had a lot of fun希望你跟我们一起画皮卡丘 drawing your Pikachu’s with us.获得了很多乐趣 Remember, it’s okay if you’re drawings don’t look exactly like ours, right?记住 如果你的画和我们的不太一样也没关系 对吧? – Yeah. – Cuz the most important thing is?– 对 – 因为最重要的是? Joyful!高兴! Yes, to have fun!对 玩得高兴! And we’ll see you later, our friends! Good-bye!回头见 朋友们!再见! [music][音乐]
  • 2021-08-28数码快速绘画数码速绘一幅汤米•李•琼斯肖像限时四小时以内DIGITAL SPEED PAINTINGA portrait of Tommy Lee Jones limited to 4 hours or less 使用苹果笔 Ipad Pro 和 Procreate应用using Apple pencil, ipad pro and Procreate App 想看传统的用水性漆画的画 请登录 www.youtube.con/user/Artismiasee the traditional versionpainted with acrylic paint at www.youtube.con/user/Artismia 想看传统的用水性漆画的画 请登录 www.youtube.con/user/Artismiasee the traditional versionpainted with acrylic paint at www.youtube.con/user/Artismia 感谢观看Thanks for watching.
  • 2021-08-28如何画卡通猫朋友们好 今天我们要画卡通猫Hey our friends today we’re gonna draw a Cartoon cat. 这非常简单It’s going to be really simple. 这节课会有趣的而且不难We are gonna keep this lesson nice and easy, 尤其是对于小艺术家们especially for our young artists. 你要有一个马克笔和一些纸I hope you have a marker and you have some paper. 然后模仿我画You’re gonna follow along with me. 当我画画时Now when I’m drawing by myself, 有时我可能有点太快sometimes I may go too fast so remember 但记住你可以随时暂停视频you can always pause the video. All right. 好了 我们现在在这画Now we’re gonna first start over here 猫咪的头with our cat’s head. 先画一个“U”形And we’re gonna draw a U-shape. 在这开始了 我们开始画了So we’re just start right here and we’re gonna draw. 画个“U”We’re gonna draw “U”. 这就是最后的形状And it kind of comes in at the end. 这更像我们画了个It’s almost like we’re drawing on oval. 不封顶的椭圆but we don’t connect it at the top. 现在我们开始画小猫的耳朵Okay now we’re gonna draw our little cat’s ears. 我们画个“A”形的So we’re going to draw an “A” shape 在上方偏左部分画that comes off of the top of the left side, 将这个延长得高一点点and also I’m gonna extend this a little higher, 然后 在这画另一个“A”and then we’re gonna draw another “A” shape over here. 这就是我们猫耳朵的里面了Now this is the inside of our cat’s ears. 我们重复刚才的步骤So we’re gonna repeat that same step 画猫的外耳 画的稍微大一点except we’re gonna draw it a little bit bigger 猫咪的耳朵for the outside of our cat, cat’s ears. 我将画 就是这个线I’m gonna bring that, this line, 像里画一点点a little further inside. 现在再重复刚才的步骤And we’re gonna repeat that same step. 在这画它的右耳朵Over here for his right ear. 现在我们把两个耳朵连起来Okay now we’re gonna connect in between his ears, 想象一下猫头部的形状 连起来so we’re imagining the shape of his head, coming through. 将它的左耳朵和And it’s gonna continue over and connect 右耳朵连起来the left ear with the right ear. 我们画完猫的头了Now we finish the shape of its head, 开始画脸吧so let’s draw his face. 画两只小眼睛I’m gonna draw two little eyes. 画小小的We’re gonna draw them really small. 我们现在画的和卡通有点不一样So we’ve drawn a little different style of cartoon this time. 现在画个小椭圆So we’re drawing little ovals 它的眼睛在顶部and they’re ticked at the top. 画它的鼻子Now let’s draw his nose, 画个小“V”形and we draw a little “V” shape 画在两眼中间偏下in between his eyes just below them. 然后将“V”形上方连起来And then we’re gonna connect the top of the “V”. 我们还可以涂点颜色And we can color it in. 好了 这就是猫咪的脸了Hahah, there is our cat’s face. 少了点胡须Now he’s missing whiskers so let’s draw 我们开始在脸颊画三条小小的线three little lines coming out of the cheeks 两边都画上 这儿on each side, so there’s, 右边的胡须whiskers on his right cheek. 现在我们画它左脸的And then we can draw the whiskers on 胡须the left side of his face. 脸部已经画完了Okay we finished its face. 现在画它的腿So now let’s draw his legs. 我们将在这个部位画Right here we’re going to draw 像这样的小小的线a little line that comes around like this. 我们开始画Okay then we’re gonna draw 画的像“T”一样a line coming down, so it makes it a “T”. 它正在坐着Now he’s gonna be sitting 它的腿在它的正前方but his font legs are right in front of him. 我们将完成它的腿部So now we’re gonna finish 所以我们画它的左腿his legs so we’re gonna draw the left leg. 现在我们开始画它的右腿And then we’re gonna draw the right leg. 这就是它的前腿There’s his front legs. 少了点爪子Now he is missing his paws, 我们在它的每个腿上画几个小细线so let’s draw two little lines for his toes 作为指甲on each foot. 现在画它剩下的身体Now we’re gonna draw the rest of his body, 它是坐着的 保持这个姿态and he’s gonna be sitting so we’re gonna keep this simple. 我们从这画一个小曲线We are gonna draw a little curve that comes out, 连接它的 小脚丫and connects to his, his little foot. 我们要画它的另一半身体And then we’re gonna draw the other side of his body. 从它的脖子开始 绕过来It comes around and gonna start up here by his neck. 绕过来 然后弯过来Comes around and then curves in. 连到它的脚下And connects to his foot down here. 像一个反向的“J”形So this is like a little backwards “J” shape. 它的身体在它的前腿后面And then his body is behind his front legs. 现在画它缺失的尾巴So he’s missing the tail doe so let’s draw. 在这画个小小的曲线A little curve coming out. 然后画靠近的另一个曲线And then we’re gonna draw another curve right next to it. 是完全一样的That’s exactly the same. 然后将它指甲末端连起来And then we’re gonna connect the end of his tail. 像一个倒着的“U”A little upside-down “U”. 完成了We finish our cat. 给它画个小玩具Now we need to give him a little toy. 给它个线团Let’s give him a ball of yarn. 画个圈We really draw a circle. 在它的爪子下面Down here right below his paw. 画完了吗 现在将这个球画立体点Okey? Now to make this ball of yarn look 3D. 在这个球的一边添点细节We’re gonna draw the details on the inside of the circle, 我们要确定它是圆的but we want to make sure that it’s curves so looks round. 我们准备在球里画一个点曲线So we’re going to draw one curve inside, 重复画曲线两次and then we’re gonna repeat that curve two more times. 一个 另一个There’s one. There’s another one. 看如何让这个球开始看起来更圆的See how the ball is starting to look more round. 然后我们重从另一个方向画Then we can draw lines going the other direction. 画两个或更多的线We’re gonna draw two more. 往一个方向弯We’re gonna curve them in the same direction. 完美 它看起来更像线团了That cool. Looks like a ball of yarn. 我们也可以画一根线Then we can also draw a little piece of string 在这边coming off the side. 完成了 猫画完了Alright we did it. We finished our cat 我们还给了它一个线团and also gave him a ball of yarn. 我们开始涂色吧Now I’m going to color him. 涂完色 它会更酷He’s gonna looked even cooler once you’re colored. 现在将马克笔放在一边So I will put my marker off to the side. 我准备用两个颜色And I’m only gonna use two colors. 红色的和橘色的We’re gonna use orange and red. 我将涂橘色到了I’m going to take the orange color. 在涂色之前And I’m gonna draw a little pattern on my cat first 先画一点图案before I color them in. 我将从这画一个线So I’m going to draw a line that comes up 连接它的鼻子and connects to his nose. 然后回到它的另一边And then we’re gonna draw a line back on the other side. 只画在口鼻部This is for a little snout. 然后连接And then we’re gonna connect. 从这画另一个We’re gonna draw another line connects from here, 画到它的前腿down to the inside of his front leg. 在这画一样的And I’m gonna do the same thing over here. 连到同一个点We’ll connect it down to the same spot . 它的肚皮会将是白色的So his belly is going to be white, 鼻子和嘴巴也是一个颜色And also his snout is going to be white. 然后给它画个白色的爪子And then let’s give him white paws. 所以在这画一条线So I’m gonna draw a line right here 就在它腕部的位置where his wrists would be. 在它的尾巴上也画一个And then let’s also draw a line on his tail. 它的尾巴也会是白色的So the end of his tail is going to be white. 然后它的其他部位将会被涂色And then it will be colored on the bottom part. 下个步骤 我会快进涂完Now it’s next part I’m gonna fast forward. 将涂完整个猫I’m gonna color everything in, 但你可以暂停视频but in the end you can pause it 去涂相同的颜色to match the same color. 音乐[music] 好了 我涂完了All right, I finished my cat. 现在你可以暂停视频Now you guys can pause the video right now 选择配色to match the same color. 我把它的整个身体涂成橘色 除了鼻子I colored its whole body orange, except for its nose. 肚皮 爪子和尾巴末端And its belly and its paws and the end of his tail. 我还在它的身体上加了几笔红条纹And then I also added red stripes on his body, 它头上也有and also on his head. 我还将它的线团涂成红色的了And then I use the red to shape the ball of yarn. 如果你想学如何画这个猫的另两种姿势Now if you want to learn how to draw this same cat in two additional poses, 可以让你的家长前往be sure to ask a parent or adult to head over to artforkidshub.com/subscribeartforkidshub.com/subscribe 来成为我们artclub的成员and become our artclub member. 我们只对俱乐部的成员Now just for our club members, 教授如何画另两种猫的姿态I’m showing you how to draw these two additional cats. 我们还有其他的课程But we also have a lot of additional lessons 它们不在YouTube的频道上that aren’t on our YouTube channel. 所以让你的家长查一下So be sure to ask your parents to check it out. 朋友们 再见啦I’ll see you later, our friends. Goodbye.
  • 2021-08-28如何欣赏艺术作品?NATIONAL GALLERIES SCOTLAND苏格兰国家美术馆 How to look at art如何欣赏艺术作品 A guide for schools一份给学校的指南 We invited two school groups我们邀请了两组学生 to the Scottish National Gallery of Mondern Art 来到苏格兰国家现代艺术馆 to examine different artworks they had never seen before深度领略那些他们未曾见过的种种艺术作品 and then we asked them what they thought然后我们询问了他们的想法 Interesting… crazy…有趣 疯狂 I’ve never seen something like that before.我之前从未见过这种东西 Mysterious…神秘 Colourful…五彩缤纷 It made me feel confused.感觉困惑 Beautiful.好看 Why is she naked?她为什么赤身裸体? The first thing we do欣赏艺术作品时 when we look at the artwork 我们要做的第一件事 is just really to look at it properly 就是好好地观察它 we start by asking the most basic of questions我们从最基本的问题开始 which is what can you see in the picture你在画作中可以看到什么 The next stage is we think about what the painting reminds us of.接下来思考这幅画让我们想起什么 The third part of the process 过程的第三步 is more to do with the imagination更多地与我们的想象力有关 and wondering about if we can expand思考是否能够进一步描述 on the descriptions of what we’ve seen.我们所看到的东西 One of the paintings reminded me of a jigsaw puzzle有一幅画让我想到了拼图游戏 I thought it was really cluttered and我觉得它乱糟糟的 it took me a long time to like get my own idea of what was happening我花了很长时间才搞清楚状况 and had to really analyse it.而且不得不仔细观察它 It looked joyful它看起来很欢乐 and made me feel weird.让我觉得怪怪的 The blue shapes kinda reminded me of raindrops falling down a window.蓝色的图形有点让我联想到 落在窗户上的雨滴 One of them reminded me of a strawberry.其中一幅让我想到了草莓 I saw a chicken nugget and I saw a dog.我看到了一个鸡块和一只狗 I thought was quite intriguing 我很好奇 cuz I didn’t really know what was going on 因为实际上我并不知道发生了什么 and everyone had their own idea about it.每个人对此都有自己的想法 When you actually look at it for ten minutes or so当你真的盯着它看上十分钟左右 and actually take everything in并且真的将其一览无余 it kind of makes you think more about the painting.你对这幅画就会有更多的思考 We were thinking about different senses,我们在想象不同的感觉 jumping into the painting,置身于画中 thinking about how it might smell, taste,想象它闻起来 尝起来会是怎样 what noises might be there, 那里可能有什么声音 trying to think of it as a place to visit.试着把它想成一个可以去的地方 There was a man that kind of looked like he was puking画里有个人看上去像在呕吐 so I was like” Why is he puking? “我就在想“他为什么呕吐呢?” That one seemed very apocalyptic.那幅作品很像是在预言世界末日 I think it would smell like paint我觉得它可能闻着像油漆 and I think it would make crackling noises.可能会发出噼里啪啦的声音 You have to sit and consider everything你得坐下来 细想每一个细节 because it is a serious thing.因为它表现的是一个严肃的主题 It’s really powerful it was just upsetting to look at画面沉重有力 看着让人心情压抑 but it looked like they were getting back on their feet但他们看起来似乎正在重新振作 so it’s got like a story to it, kind of.因此这有点像是个故事 I thought it was an amazing painting, 我认为这是幅了不起的画 everything was happening it was kind of like 画里发生的一切有点像是 going back in time.回到了过去 It’s to encourage them to value their own opinions这是为了鼓励他们重视自己的想法 and their own experiences of life和自身的生活经历 and bring that to the artwork.并将此带入艺术作品中 You get a completely different set of reactions every single time,每一次你都会得到完全不同的反应 you can take absolutely anyone into a gallery,你可以带任何人去美术馆 no matter their age or background or ability无论他们有着怎样的年龄 背景或是能力 And you can unlock artworks 你可以开启艺术之门 and experience the artwork in a different way.以一种不同的方式去体验艺术作品
  • 2021-08-28从任何角度都能把头部画好你好Hey there! 我的名字叫 Stan ProkopenkoMy name is Stan Prokopenko, 我要做一系列I’m going to be doing a series of video tutorials on drawing 从不同角度画头像的视频教程the head from various angles. 希望你们会有感兴趣Hopefully there will be some interest and I 我会继续为你们‘ll continue making more of these for you 制作更多的教程!guys! 第一个视频In this first video I’m going to 我将尝试总结和简化*attempt* to summarize and simplify Andrew Loomis’ approach ANDREW LOOMISto drawing the head. 的画头部的方法Here we go.. 如果我们把眼睛、If we remove the eyes, nose, 鼻子 嘴唇和耳朵 从头部移开 就剩2个简单的块lips, and ears from the head we are left with 2 simple masses. 第一个球是头盖骨The first is a ball 第二个四四方方的形状是下巴for the cranium and the second is a boxy shape for the jaw. 头盖骨呈球形 但侧面变平The cranium is spherical, but with the sidesflattened. So, 所以从两边切下一块切片chopping off a slice 让我们得到一个简单但具有代表性from both sides gets us a simplified but close representation of 的头颅块画头时the cranial mass. 我会先从球开始When drawing the head, I’ll start with the circle for the ball. 尝试几次失败后and after a few failed attempts… 暴躁想挠头rip out your hair. 深吸一口气再次尝试take a deep breath and try again. 实话说 确定它看起来But seriously, make sure it looks like a circle and 像个圆圈at least the height and width are the 至少宽高相同same. 椭圆是有点麻烦The oval is a bit more tricky. 无论你从哪个角度画头The height will always be the same, 高度永远一样no matter what angle you’re drawing the head from. 它的高度是圆圈的It’s 2/3 the height of the circle. 2/3.So I’ll usually look at the area 所以我通常会把从圆形中心到顶部的区域From the center of the circle to the top, divide that 分成三等份 最上面1/3位置是椭圆顶部area into thirds, and this top third will be where the oval begins. 底部and the same for 也是一样the bottom. 椭圆的宽取决于人看的方向The width of the oval depends on the direction the person is looking. 比较前面与侧面的宽度Compare the width of the front plane to the width of the side plane. 椭圆的顶部落在前额的拐角 这是前面与侧面相交处The top portion of the oval falls on the corner of the forehead. 这个区域通常是圆润的This is where the front plane meets the sideplane. 所以对艺术家的解释是开放的This area is usually rounded so it’s open to the artist’s interpretation. 我发现它通常靠近眉毛的末端I’ve found that it usually lies near the end of the eyebrow. 所以正如我刚才所说So as I just showed we indicate the 我们用椭圆的宽来表示头部的左右转left and right turn of the head by the width of the 现在我们需要oval. 找到上下倾斜Now we need to find the up and down tilt. 这通过沿着侧面的角度来表示This is indicated by an angle along the sideplane. 如果头部向上倾斜If the head is tilted up, 则角度将指向上方; 如果头部向下倾斜the angle will point up and if the head is tilted down, the angle 则角度将指向下方will point down. 倾斜的程度将决定如何画的这条线The degree of the tilt will determine how steep to make this line. 我喜欢用耳朵到眉毛的角度从那儿I like to use the angle from the ear to the brow. 我将把线延伸到前面From there, I’ll continue that line over tothe front plane. 因为这条线代表眉毛Since this line represents the brow, 注意从线的从这头到那头的角度pay attention to the angle from one brow to the other. Then, 然后从椭圆底部画一条与第一条draw a curve parallel to the the first one, 曲线平行的曲线this time starting from the bottom of 这条线代表鼻子的底部the oval. 再从椭圆顶部This represents the bottom of the nose. 绘制相同的线Drawing the same line again from the top of the oval, 这会是你的发际线would bring you to the hairline. 因为脸部可以分解成几乎完美的三等分Since the face can be broken down into nearly perfect thirds, chin, 下巴鼻子nose, brow, and hair, 眉毛和头发我们可以用我们已找到的测量we can use the measurements we’ve already found, 找到到下巴的长度to find the length down to the chin. 观察下巴的Observe the general shape of the jaw and draw 大体形状in the major angles starting from the brow 从眉毛到下巴开始coming down to the chin, 画出主要角度 并转到头部侧面and going around to the side plane of the head. 它通常在椭圆形的一半左右It’s usually about halfway into the oval, 或者稍微靠后一点or a little bit further back. 我们已经找到头盖骨侧面 现在我们需要在面颊We’ve already found the side plane of thecranium. 和下巴区域做同样的事情 有一个规律是从耳朵的顶部开始Now we need to do the same thing with the cheek and jaw area. 向下弯曲到There’s a rhythm that starts at the top 下巴外侧of the ear and curves down to the outside of 然后找到脸的the chin. 中心线Then find the centerline of the face. Remember, 记住!这是前面的中心线this is the center of the front plane, 而不是整个头部宽的中心not the center of the whole head width. 画完脖子and finish with the neck. 现在我们已经建立Now that we have the foundation 了头部的基础of the head established we can finish it by putting in 我们可以把眼睛、鼻子、嘴唇、耳朵、头发、下巴、脸颊等特征画上all the features! eyes, nose, lips, ear, hair,jaw, cheeks, chin. 不要担心!! 我会在另一个视频Don’t worry, I’ll explain this step 中更详细地解释这一步in more detail in another video. .每个功能都有它自己的教程Each feature deserves it’s own tutorial. 这个方法真的能很好的This approach is really good to establish the perspective of the head. 建立头部透视A good exercise is to try to think 一个很好的练习就是试着把头部想象成一个简单about the head as a simple elongated box. 的长盒子 发线 眉线 鼻孔The angles in the front plane of the face such as hair line, 嘴唇下巴等脸部前面的角度brow line, nostrils, lips, 与盒子前面的角度and chin will be the same as the angles 相同on the front plane of the box. 眉线与耳朵之间的角度与盒子The angle on the brow line to ear is the same 侧面上的角度相同as the angle on the side plane of the box. 这些角度是非常重要的These angles are really important 因为它们将头部确定为三维空间because they establish the head as a three dimensional 形式form in space. 我们再来一次Let’s go through that one more time. 从头颅开始Start with a circle for the cranium. 头部侧面的椭圆形Oval for the side plane of the head 角度显示人看向上或向下Angle to show the person looking up or down. 绘制一条相同的曲线来找到鼻子位置Draw an identical curve to find the nose 然后双倍距离找到下巴And double that distance to find the chin 连接下巴 你有一个表示3维Attach the jaw and you have a 3 dimensional representation 头部特征的画像of the head ready for the features. 刚开始这种方法似乎有点技术性At first this approach might seem a bit technical 需要记住很多重要的细节with a lot of important details to remember 但是一旦掌握了这些细节 实际上就变得非常简单but once you get the hang of it, it actually becomes really easy. 所以把速写簿拿出来 练习各种各样的So get that sketchbook out and practice this a hundred times, 角度的头部一百遍with various angles. 你喜欢这个视频么?你朋友呢?Did you like this video? 请帮助我分享到您最Your friends might too. 喜爱的社交网络Please help me out and share 不要忘记在proko.comon your favorite social network and don’t forget to subscribe 上订阅我的通讯!to my newsletter on proko.com
  • 2021-08-28改变你书写风格的简单方法!Hey, guys!大家好 Today I’m going to teach you how to今天我要教你们 change up your handwriting改变书写 and how you can go from this to this以及如何只通过学习现代书法基础 by simply learning the basics to modern calligraphy.取得这样的进步 Perfect for any beginner.非常适合初学者 So let’s begin with the principle.我们先从原理讲起 So calligraphy focuses on upward strokes and downward strokes,现代书法注重向上和向下的笔画 as well as how much pressure以及写每个字母时 you need to apply to each letter施加的压力的大小 to give it its own personality.以便形成个人的书法风格 So the basics are that when doing up strokes,基本原则是当写向上的笔画时 you want to make these lines have施加在这些线上的 as little pressure as possible压力越小越好 so that you can create thinner line.这样线就会更细 Now for downward strokes is actually the opposite笔画向下时则相反 and these strokes will always be thicker and more bold.这些笔画看起来要更厚重 So in order to do this,为了达到这种效果 the only thing you have to do is唯一要做的 to add more pressure on your writing tool就是给书写工具施加更大的压力 to help you create a thick and bold stroke.来创造出厚重的笔画效果 Now trust me, getting the hang of thin up strokes相信我 掌握这种向上的细笔画 and thick down strokes.和向下的粗笔画的技法 It takes a little bit of time.会花点时间 But with the next basics, you will get it in no time.但一旦有了下面的基础知识 您很快就能学会 So you can also try and add a little bit more character to your writing然后您也可以尝试给书写添加一些特色 by exaggerating the spacing between letters例如增大字母间的距离 or you can also add swirls to the end of each letter也可以在每个字母后面打个圈 to make it a little bit more fancy.这样看起来更好看 So now for the supplies, this is the really fun part.说到书写用具 这就有意思了 I’ll be using the Crayola super tips我会用到绘儿乐可水洗细杆水笔 which are super inexpensive这款很便宜 and mimic a real calligraphy marker.效果不输真正的平头马克笔 I also use Crayola calligraphy markers which are nice.我还会用到绘儿乐平头笔 也很好用 Because they are dual ended.因为它是双头的 I love Marvy color markers.我超喜欢美辉彩色马克笔 They are by far my favorite.它们目前都是我的最爱 They’re very easy to get used to and have flexible tip,非常容易上手而且笔尖是软的 which is ideal when you’re a beginner对于正在学习 trying to learn the right amount of pressure,施加适当压力的初学者来说 for up strokes and down strokes.是个理想工具 I also use a pallette parallel pen我也用一种老式的书法用具 which are for a little bit more experience调色板平行笔 an old-school calligraphy writing,虽然有点贵 but yet super fun to practice on as a beginner.但对初学者来说还是挺好的 I use these pens for more detail and focal calligraphy.我用这些笔写更多的细节和重点书法 These were really great for me我初学的时候 when I first were starting out,这些对我来说真的很棒 as well as you know要知道 a very colorful Fineliner for fine details多彩的签字笔写笔画的细节 within strokes and a Pigma Brush还有樱花笔 which is the real deal you guys.都是必备的 I love this one, too.我还喜欢这款 So to summarize, you’ll basically need tools总的来说 为了可以灵活点 that have both a broad tip and a fine tip您基本上需要 in order that can be a little bit flexible.既宽又细的工具 Now these Water Color brushes are surprisingly这些水彩笔都太赞了 really easy to handle as a beginner.初学者很容易上手 They help write with perfect flow and control.可以完美的书写线条和控制力度 Plus, they look super beautiful.另外 它们很好看 Now, a fancier tool if you’re more into digital如果您经常玩移动设备 and prefer to save your pieces on one spot并喜欢把您的作品保存在一个地方 would be an iPad pro.可能是iPad pro It can be a great tool especially if you want them.它是个很好的工具 尤其是您需要的时候 You know stay organized or比如保持条理性 perhaps even start selling your work.或者开始推销工作时 I also use the Belkin Case我还用贝尔金笔盒 which is amazing to hold my Apple Pen用来装我的苹果笔简直太棒了 and also the tips and stand my pen up笔盒的顶部可以让我的笔站立起来 while keeping it free of dust and denting.同时保持它没有灰尘和凹痕 So something I also recommend is starting to create因此 我还建议您开始为 a really fun page of swatches of所有工具 笔 马克笔 笔刷 all your tools, your pens, your markers, your brushes创建一个非常有趣的样条页面 so that you can pretty much pinpoint这样您就准确地定位 exactly the look you’re trying to create您想要创造的外观 and which brand of tools it was from.以及它是哪个品牌的工具 It’s also just nice to see all in one page对于每种工具的粗细笔触 the differences between thick strokes and thin strokes的区别 that each tool gives off.都可以很好地在一页纸上看到 [Music][音乐] Step 3 is to master your cursive.第三步是掌握草书 Now you don’t need to be an expert or write quickly.现在您不需要成为一名专家或者写得很快 One of the biggest mistakes with calligraphy is书法的最大错误之一就是 people think it’s a very quick process.人们认为它是一个非常快的过程 But you know you should actually take your time.但您要知道应该慢慢来 You should lift your hand after every other letter to您应该每写完一个字母之后 really observe how you plan on放下手 观察 然后计划 you know connecting the letter from before.如何接着与前面的字母相连 It also just gives you more of a playground它也只是给了您更多的娱乐 to not be so hard on yourself and speed through the process让您不要对自己太苛刻 并加快这个过程 and you can play with more fancy loop spacings and当你花时间在这上 even the levels of your letters可以使用更花哨的循环间距 for a more aesthetic look甚至是字母的水平 when you take your time.以获得更美的外观 So here I just wrote welcome and我写了welcome essentially this is how it worked.这是它的写法 So when your pen folds down towards the bottom of the page,所以当您的笔向下折向页面底部时 this is a downward stroke.这是向下的笔触 And as you can see, it’s actually thicker.您可以看到 它实际上更厚 And when you go up, it will be thinner当笔触向上时 and you create this by decreasing the amount of pressure on your writing tools.通过减少给书写工具施加的压力 它会更细 So take a look at the arrows for a little bit more guidance.看看这些作为一些指导的箭头 So if you’re kind of lost and overwhelmed at this point, it’s okay.所以如果您在这点上有点迷茫和不知所措 没关系 The easiest way to practice calligraphy is练习书法的简单方式 to get calligraphy stencils.就是字帖 Now I’m gonna lengthy as which are my favorite现在我要讲的很长 因为这是我最喜欢的 and I recommend tracing over and over我建议您用不同的工作表 with different worksheets to一遍又一遍地画 just kind of familiarize yourself with the brush strokes,让自己熟悉一下笔触 which are key to writing in calligraphy.这是写书法的关键 So trust me,所以相信我 the more you practice by doing this over and over,反复练习得越多 the quicker you’ll be able to do it甚至无需字帖 on your own without a stencil.也可以很快掌握 I also personally find this be very therapeutic for me.我个人觉得这对我很有帮助 Because I’m focusing on one thing因为当我只关注一件事时 while building a habit subconsciously就是潜意识地养成一种习惯 which i think is amazing.这让我很惊讶 And with this particular stencils,有了字帖 I’m practicing with the Marvy color markers我用美辉彩色马克笔练习 which are bomb.太赞了 They’re so flexible. They make adding and removing pressure to它们非常软 用它们写的时候增压减压如此简单 be so effortless which I love.我超喜欢 Now you can also fake it till you make it.您用了就会知道很好用 So I’m going to show you some super simple calligraphy effects接着展示一些 to trick yourself into changing up your handwriting.让您改变书写的小技巧 So after you write your words,在写完单词之后 you can use any of these to spice up any words.您可以用这些方法来增色 So you can leave it normal and cursive or所以您也可以让它保持标准或草书 or you can add a parallel line或者加点平行线 in all the down strokes for a double line effect.到向下的笔画 形成双行线的效果 You can also do the same thing,也可以这样做 but trace it in to add the calligraphy touch沿着字母轨迹 添加书法效果 or for a more decorative feel,更多装饰 add some lines between the blank spaces.空白处添加一些线条 You can truly get as creative as you want with this您可以自己创造 and create all sorts of styles and font looks.形成自己的风格和字体 [music][音乐] Another really effective way to learn calligraphy学书法的另一个有效方式是 is to actually imitate fonts that you love.模仿您喜欢的字体 So my sister Angelica is actually a beast at calligraphy.我的姐姐Angelica是个书法高手 So these are all of her pieces and这些全是她的作品 so I decided her practice by copying her work.所以我决定模仿她的书法 So I have found this to be one of the simplest ways to actually learn,这是一种学习书法的简单方式 but also we get super creative and challenge yourself with you inspiration.但是我们也可以创新 利用灵感改变自己 You guys should totally follow her.您可以跟着她学 She is amazing at what she does.她很专业 The link of her stuff down below.她的作品的链接如下 And for just a bonus,彩蛋是 I wanted to include some我想总结一些 really fun lettering ideas for you to try out.很有趣的书法想法分享给你们 Because you don’t have to learn calligraphy因为你们不用为了改变书写 in order to change up your handwriting.而学习书法 You can just play around with the length of your words or the width.你们只需关注单词的长宽 You can stretch them out, make them more curved at the end.可以以弯曲延长字母来结尾 You can also space out your letters可以添加有趣的效果 for a little bit more of a fun dynamic effect.给字母一些空间 There’s really a million ways to change it up改进的方式有很多 and you just have to look around for inspiration你们可以从身边获取灵感 and try your best to mimic it and give you your own stuff.尽力模仿 然后形成自己的风格 I really really hope that these tips have helped you.我希望可以帮到你们 They’ve definitely helped me and I’m still learning.它们对我来说很有用 我还在学习 But you know these are the basic steps that you cannot fail这些只是基础 and I can’t wait to see what you guys create.我迫不及待想看到你们的创意了 Please share your hand lettering with me on Instagram or on Twitter.请在Instagram或者Twitter给我分享你们的书写 I would literally love to see it.我会仔细查看 Leave me a comment below.给我留言 Letting me know from where in this beautiful world you are watching me.让我知道来自这美丽的世界的你们在关注我 Thumbs up if you enjoyed and join the family by subscribing down below.如果喜欢 请给我点赞并加入社区 I love you guys so much.我爱你们 Don’t forget to live weird or die normal. Bye!不要忘记活出自我 拒绝平庸 拜拜 [Music][音乐]
  • 2021-08-28口袋大小的水彩画颜料口袋大小的水彩画颜料 Aditya Vadgaonkar 创造了Viviva Colorsheets(特制颜料纸)以便在旅行中更方便的进行绘画 下面就是为什么这些颜料如此炫酷的原因 每本小册子包含16种颜色 颜料是高度饱和的 防水的分隔板可以防止颜色混合 这些薄板是可以持久使用的 这本小册子和普通的水彩颜料有着同样的颜色 一套15美元
  • 2021-08-28PS教程:水墨画,烟雾肖像库存下载的链接已附说明书中Stock download links are in the description. 那开始吧!点击“文件>新建”Lets start! Head up to File > New. 我现在将它命名为“Ink”I’m going to name it INK for now. Width: 宽度:1920像素|高度:1080像素1920 Pixels | Height: 1080 Pixels. 把“背景内容”调为白色Change the Background Contents to white. 然后点击“确定”Then hit OK. 再点击“创建”Then hit Create. 在上方点击“文件>打开”Head up to File > Open. 找到模特图像Locate the model image. 双击 在Ps中打开该文件Double click to open in Photoshop. 在上方选择“快速选择工具”Head over and select the Quick Selection Tool. 选择整个模特Select the entire model. 在下方选择“遮罩”Head down and select Mask. 右击>“转化成智能对象”Right click > Convert to Smart Object. 向上选择“移动工具” 然后Head over and select the Move Tool. Then, 点击并将模特拖到我们的设计文件中Click and drag the model onto our project. 按“CTRL+T”键选定模特CTRL + T to select the model. 按“SHIFT”键向内拖动角标Hold SHIFT down and drag the top corner inwards to resize. 将模特放到靠近中心位置Position the model near the center. 点击“ENTER”键完成调整Hit Enter to accept changes. 在上方点击“文件>打开”Head up to File > Open. 找到水墨图像>双击打开 接下来Locate the Ink image > Double click to open. Next, 我们需要将水墨从背景中移除we need to remove the ink from the background. 上方点击“选择>色彩范围”Head up to Select > Color Range. 点击选定“白色”背景Click on the White background to select it. “颜色容差”设为124似乎就很好了Fuzziness 124 seems to work fine. 完成之后点击“确定”Hit OK when you’re done. 目前选定的是白色背景The white background is currently selected. 按“CTRL+SHIFT+i ”反向选择CTRL + SHIFT + i to inverse the selection. 再往上选择“移动工具”(V)Then head over and select the Move Tool. (V) 将不透明度下调约至“80%”Bring down the opacity to about 80% 按“CTRL+T”键选择水墨图层CTRL + T to select the INK layer. 右击>“水平翻转”Right click > Flip Horizontal. 像这样旋转水墨Rotate the Ink like so. 按“CTRL+0”键缩小图像显示比例CTRL + 0 to zoom out. 调整大小时要按住“SHIFT”Hold Shift while resizing. 点击“ENTER”完成调整Hit Enter to accept changes. 将不透明度调回“100%”Bring back up the opacity to 100%. 将水墨图层拖到模特图层下方Drag the ink layer below the model layer. 选择下方的“遮罩”Head down and select Mask. 按住“CTRL”并点击选定缩略图Hold CTRL + Click on the model thumbnail to make a selection. 确保你是在对“遮罩”进行操作Make sure you’re on the mask. 按“CTRL+SHIFT+i”反向选择CTRL + SHIFT + i to inverse the selection. 将你的前景色设为黑色Set your foreground color to black. 擦掉一部分水墨(模特面部前端的部分)Mask out some of the ink (front of models face) 你的水墨图层看起来应该像是这样的Your ink layer should look something like this. 我将把图层1重命名为“Model”I’m going to rename layer 1 to Model. 把图层2重命名为“Ink”Rename layer Layer 2 to Ink. 选择模特层后点击“遮罩”Select the top model layer then hit mask. 然后向下 按“ALT”并点击“遮罩”Then head down. Hold ALT + Click on Mask. 遮罩应该是黑色的Your mask should be black. 将你的前景色调整为白色Change your foreground color to white. 然后选择“画笔工具”(B)Then select the Brush Tool. (B) 确认你用的是柔边画笔Make sure your using a brush with soft edges. 恢复模特的一部分脸部Bring back some of the models face. 我会只保留模特脸部的一小部分I will just keep a small part of the models face. 将你的前景色调整为黑色Change your foreground color to black. 这样会使遮罩遮住模特This will mask out the model. 继续将模特的脸混合到水墨中Continue to blend in the models face into the ink. 降低画笔的不透明度以达到更好的混合效果 降至50%即可Bring down the brush opacity for better blending. 50%. 这个部分要慢慢来Take your time on this part. 由于很耗费时间 所以我就把这部分快进了I will speed this part up, since its time consuming. 混合之后 我的模型看起来是像这样的After blending, mine looks like this. 复制模特图像>“CTRL+J”Duplicate the model image > CTRL + J. 隐藏底部图层Hide the bottom layer. 右击顶部图层>转化为“智能对象”Right click the top layer > Convert to Smart Object. 我会将此图层重命名为“noise”I will rename this layer to noise. 向上点击“滤镜>杂色>减少杂色”Head up to Filter > Noise > Reduce Noise. 我想要柔化模特的脸部I want to soften the models face. Strength: “强度:9”9 “保留细节:0”Preserved Details: 0 “减少杂色:90”Reduce color noise: 90 “锐化细节:75”Sharpen Details: 75 然后点击“确定”Then hit OK. 从下方创建一个新的图层Head down and create a new layer. 我会将此图层重命名为“颜色高光”I will rename this layer to Color Highlights. 调整“混合模式>颜色减淡”Change the Blending Mode > Color Dodge. 调整前景色>“ff81ce”Change the Foreground color > ff81ce 然后点击“确认”Then hit OK. 使用“画笔工具”(B)添加高光Using the Brush Tool. (B) Add highlights. 将图层的不透明度拖至约“15%”Drop the layer opacity to about 15%. 这样看起来就很好!That looks pretty good! 点击下方按钮创建一个新图层Head down and create a new layer. 我会将此层重命名为“高光”I’m going to rename this layer to highlights. 向上点击“编辑>填充”Head up to Edit > Fill. 确定内容设置为50% 灰色 再点击“确定”Make sure the contents are 50% Gray. Then OK. 调整“混合模式>柔光”Change the Blending Mode > Soft Light. 向上选择“减淡工具” “范围”Head over and select the Dodge Tool. Range: “中间调|曝光度:20%”Midtones | Exposure 20%. 开始添加高光部分Start adding highlights. 确定你是在对已有的高光部分进行操作Make sure you do it over existing highlights. 由于这部分非常耗时间 所以我会快进Since this part is very time consuming, I will speed it up. 有高光(效果)更好了Much better with the highlights. 选定顶层图层Have the top layer selected. CTRL+SHIFT+ALT+E(合并可见图层)CTRL + SHIFT + ALT + E (Merge all visible layers.) 我会将此图层重命名为“已合并”I will rename this layer to merged. 从上方点击“滤镜>杂色>减少杂色”Head up to Filter > Noise > Reduce Noise. 我要调整“强度:7” 然后点“确定”I will change the Strength: 7. Then OK. 完成!如果您喜欢 请点一个赞That’s it! Please leave a like if you enjoyed.:)
  • 2021-08-28如何利用PS制作栅栏效果In this video, I’m going to show you how to create这个视频中 我将会向你们展示 this fence manipulation using Photoshop.如何利用Photoshop制作栅栏效果 So let’s get started.那我们就开始吧 [Music][音乐] Hey what’s the guys, Dhruval here嘿 朋友们 我是Dhruval and as you can see this is the final output.如你所见 这就是最终的成品图 Now before we start to actually create this effect,在我们开始制作此效果之前 normally you need to do a photo shoot with a tripod.通常你要用三脚架来拍张照片 You take photo of background, then photo of model with the fence,先拍背景照片 再拍带栅栏的模特照片 and then you do the masking etc.然后再做些遮罩等等 But this is a different approach.但这个方法不同 Like what if you already have a photo比如 倘若你已经有一张照片 and then you want to turn it into this effect.然后你想把它变成这个效果 This video is more for that.这个视频就更适用 So, to create this,那么 为了做出这种效果 first of all let’s open the background photo.首先让我们打开背景图片 You go to File, you go to Open,进入“文件”菜单栏 选择 “打开” and you select whatever photo that you want选择任何你想要用的照片 to create the effect on.来做出这种效果 Now, I don’t need the entire photo and we have to crop it,现在 我并不需要这一整张照片 我们必须把它裁剪下 but we will do it later.裁剪我们稍后再做 First of all let’s create a separate background and model.首先 创造一个单独的背景和模特 To do that, let’s unlock it. So double click and hit OK.为此 我们要解锁图层 双击 点击“确定” After that I’m gonna make a copy of it, so press command+J.之后 按住command+J复制图层 Now on this copy I’m gonna rename it to model,副本重命名为“模特”(model) and for the layer 0 I’m gonna rename it to background.图层0重命名为“背景”(background) Right now we don’t need model layer, so make sure you turn off the eye现在并不需要“模特”图层 那么确保你关掉了它前面的小眼睛 and only the background is active.并且只有“背景”图层是激活的 After that, you have to make sure you have selected your Lasso Tool from here,之后 你要确保你从这里选取了“套索工具” and make a selection around model something like this.在模特周围建立一个像这样的选区 It doesn’t have to be accurate,并不需要十分精准 but make sure that you don’t…eh…但要确保你没有……额…… like you keep the model out of selection like this.就像这样 选区保持在模特之外 So the selection is done.选区就建立好了 After that you press Shift Delete both keys together然后同时按住Shift+Delete and this box will pop up.就会弹出这个窗口 And here you select Content-Aware and hit OK.此时就选“内容识别” 点击“确定” It will take some time because like image is really high resolution.因为图像分辨率太高了 还需要一点儿时间 So, let it do its job.那么 就让它慢慢处理 So as you can see Photoshop did its best and I think it’s okay.你看到了 Ps已经处理好了 我觉得还可以 And let’s remove the selection first.那我们就先移除选区 So you can go to Select and Deselect.来到“选择”菜单栏 “取消选择” Now at this moment even though it looks bad,现在 尽管看起来很糟糕 because model with cover most offered, it won’t look that bad.但因为模特会盖住这些地方 也没那么糟 So don’t worry about it.所以不用担心啦 Now the background is ready and you can turn it off.现在“背景”图层已经就绪 你可以关掉它了 Now activate the model and turn it on.现在激活“模特”图层 打开它 Now we can remove the model from the photo现在我们就可以把模特从照片上移除 and to do that we need to make selection.为此 我们要“通过选区来生成路径” So you can right click here and get a Quick Selection Tool你可以在这里点击右键 选择“快速选择工具” and make selection of the model.建立模特选区 And if you wish to remove some selection,如果你想移除部分选区 you can go select this minus option here可以选择这里的“减号”选项 and then you can remove it like this.然后你就可以像这样把它移除 So the selection of model is ready,模特的选区已经就绪 after that let’s apply the layer mask.之后我们就应用图层蒙版 So go and click on this third option here那么来这 点击第三个选项 and it will apply the mask.就会应用蒙版 Now you can turn on the background.现在打开“背景”图层 So here’s what happened:就这样处理: model is on different layer“模特”在一个图层 and background is on different layer.“背景”也在一个图层 This is exactly what we need.正是我们所需要的 Now I’m going to refine the selection.现在我要完善下选区 So make sure you activate the layer mask,所以要确保你激活了图层蒙版 then right click and Select and Mask.右击 选择“调整蒙版” After that this portions are ok,之后这部分就可以了 but for the hair, we need to focus.但就头发而言 我们需要清晰的 So make your brush a little bit bigger using your bracket keys,所以可以用括号键把画笔调大一点 and make sure you have the second option here the refine tool,确保你选择了这里的第二项:“调整工具” and then you paint around the hair like this.然后像这样在头发周围涂抹下 Looking pretty good and after that you can hit OK.看起来相当不错 弄好后点击“确定” So the basic setup is ready and now we can add in the fence.那么基本工作已经就绪 现在我们来添加栅栏 But before that let’s prepare few things.但在此之前我们先做点准备工作 First of all, on the background activate it and make a copy. So, command+J.首先 激活“背景”图层 按住Cmd+J复制图层 Now in this copy I’m gonna, like, rename it to现在在复制图层上 像这样 我将它重命名为 more blurry background.“更模糊的背景”(more blurry background) It’s important,很重要的 and for the model it’s the same thing you can press command+J.对于“模特”图层 同样地 按住Cmd+J复制图层 Now on the original model layer here,现在在最初的“模特”图层上 you can rename it to back up.你可以重命名为“备份”(back up) Now this I will explain later and this one is obvious.这个我稍后解释 原因很明显的 If you make mistakes on this layer while doing further masking,如果你做进一步遮罩的时候出错了 you already have a selection ready, so you can start again.这里有个现成的选区 可以重新开始 Eh… so that’s clear.额……这样就明白了吧 Now..eh…I’m gonna…现在……额……我要…… add in the fence and do the cropping.添加栅栏 做些裁剪 So first of all let’s add the fence.那么首先 我们来添加栅栏 To add it, you can go to File and then Place Embedded,要添加它 你可以进入“文件”菜单栏 然后“置入” and here you have the JPG sorry PNG file for the fence and place it.这是栅栏的JPG 不好意思 是PNG文件 置入这里 I’m gonna make it a little bit bigger,我要把它放大一点 and if you are using Photoshop 2018 or older version,如果你用的是PS2018或是更旧的版本 hold your Shift key when you do it, so it doesn’t go out of…做的时候按住Shift健 它就不会出去…… Sorry it doesn’t lose the proportion.抱歉 它就不会比例失调 And also I need to squeeze it a little bit. So on this version,我还要再挤一下 那么在这个版本中 I’m gonna hold my Shift key and squeeze it down little bit.按住Shift键 挤一下 In older version you won’t need to do it.旧版本的话就不需要这样做啦 You can also use your arrow key to move it around.你也可以用箭头键移动它 And I think this looks decent and then you can confirm it.我觉得这个看起来不错 之后你可以确认一下 Now I’m going to crop out the unnecessary area that I don’t want.现在我要裁掉不想要的不必要的区域 So get a Crop Tool and crop it out.那么选择“裁剪工具” 裁剪出来 Now the fence is little bit smaller so I’m going to make it big,现在栅栏有点变小了 所以我要把它变大一点 you can press command+T您可以按住Cmd+T and then again stretch it out a little bit.然后再把它拉大一点 Fence is ready and the model is ready, now let’s do the masking.栅栏和模特均已就绪 现在我们来做遮罩 And to do that you need to activate this mask,要做到这一点 你需要激活这个蒙版 make sure the mask is active and not the layer.确保激活的是蒙版而不是图层 So the mask is active.那么蒙版已经激活 After that get your Brush Tool,之后取用“笔刷工具” and in the brush make sure you have black color,“笔刷工具”确保选用“黑色” in the Opacity it’s 100.“不透明度”为100% After that right click here and make sure Hardness is also all the way 100%之后点击右键 确保“硬度”也是100% make sure all of these things are correct.要确保所有的这些都是正确的 Then we can start erasing the portions that we don’t need.然后我们可以开始擦除我们不需要的部分 So, first of all, I’m gonna go and it is here this eye.那么 首先 来到眼睛这里 Now here’s another trick you can do.这里还有一个技巧 you can click here then hold your Shift key点击这里 然后按住Shift键 and then click here.接着点击这里 It will erase it like that,它就会像这样被擦除 then again hold your Shift key and click here,然后再次按住Shift健 点击这里 hold your Shift key and click here.按住Shift健 点击这里 And this will make your job little bit faster.这样会使你的工作进展得快一点 So as you can see now we can see through the fences那么 你看到了 虽然我们只有一个单独的图像 even though we had only single image.依然可以通过栅栏看到 This is how you do it.你就这样做 And if you want to bring it back,如果你想恢复过来 you can switch to a white color,改为选用“白色” and you can bring it back.就可以恢复了 Like this if you make any mistakes.如果你出错了的话 也可以这样做 I’m going to remove some parts that I don’t want.我要移除我不想要的这部分 You can think about it and choose the boxes carefully.你可以考虑一下 仔细选择格子 So as you can see the main reason why you clicked on this video, that’s over.看到了吧 这也是你点击视频的主要原因 这样就结束啦 But we need to fix few things so it looks actually good.但我们还需要完善一下 让它看起来更好 So first of all as you can see this option:首先你可以看到这个选项: more blurry background, we’re gonna use it.“更模糊的背景” 我们要用它了 So first of all I’m going to right click and Convert to Smart Object,那么首先 右击 “转换为智能对象” after that we need to apply a blur.之后需要应用模糊 So you can go to Filter and then you go to Blur Gallery and select Field Blur,你可以点击“滤镜” 然后点击“模糊画廊” 选择“场景模糊” and if you have old version it will be here I think in Blur.如果你用的是旧版本 我想它应该是在“模糊”选项 So go to Blur Gallery and select Field Blur.那么就点击“模糊画廊” 选择“场景模糊” Now in the Field Blur I’m going to keep it to like 30 40 percent,在“场景模糊”选项 模糊调节保持在30%-40%左右 so it’s like…we need to separate model from the background little more.就像是……我们要把模型从背景中分离出来 That’s it, so do it however like however blur you need.就这样 你想要多模糊就多模糊 Then you can add this little bit things here,然后你可以在这里加上一些东西 it doesn’t have to be exactly like me, just play around.没必要和我的一模一样 调整试试 So I think this looks decent to me and then you can hit OK.我觉得这样看起来不错 然后点击“确定” Now because it’s a smart object,现在因为它是智能对象 if you want to do any changes, you can double click on the Blur Gallery here.如果你想改动些什么 可以双击这里的“模糊画廊” And then you can change whatever and hit OK. It’s completely like re-doable.然后就可以做任何的改变 再点击“确定” 这完全是可重复的 Now to see the difference, this is more blurry background,现在来看看区别 这是“更模糊的背景” and this is the original one. Now, this has prettier bouquets这是原始的 现在 这个有更漂亮的花束 no doubt, but this one looks a bit better for the effect.无疑 这个看起来效果更好 So, this is ready. Now let’s do some color correction and fix the fence.那么 这个已经准备就绪了 现在我们做一些颜色校正和栅栏修复 First of all I don’t need this red color, so activate your fence,首先 并不需要红色 那么激活栅栏图层 then create new adjustment layer.然后创建新的调整图层 and here you can go and select Hue/Saturation.此时你可以选择“色相/饱和度” And before you do any changes, turn on the Clipping Mask.在做任何改变之前 先打开“剪切蒙版” So now whatever changes we do will only stay on the fence.这样不管做何改变 都只会发生在栅栏图层 So, first of all go to your Reds那么 首先选择“红色” and I’m gonna remove the Saturation from that.将“饱和度”从此处移动 So gonna keep it to minus seventy five something,移动到-75左右 then you go to your Masters.接着选择“全图” And here I’m gonna keep it like minus three four这个(“明度”)我会让它处于大概-3 -4左右 to make it slightly darker.让它稍微暗一点 This looks nice.看起来还不错 Now another thing I want to make a fence little bit darker from the edge,现在我想让栅栏的边缘颜色更深一些 so it looks less flat because right now it’s way too straight.因为现在它太直了 所以看起来就没那么平 So to fix that I’m gonna create new blank layer为了修正它 我要新建一个空白图层 and right click here and create Clipping Mask.右键点击这里 创建“剪切蒙版” So again, if I have a Brush Tool同样地 如果我用“笔刷工具” and I paint whatever will only stay on the fence.我所涂抹的都只对栅栏生效 So I’m gonna make my brush big using bracket keys,要用“括号键”把画笔调大 you can also right click and make it bigger whatever you prefer你也可以右击 让它变得大些 怎样都行 and Hardness 0%.“硬度”为0% Then I’m gonna make it super super big like this and then paint around the edges.然后我要把变得非常非常大 就像这样 然后在边上涂抹 Then you can go and reduce the Opacity, so I’m gonna keep it to like之后你可以降低“不透明度” 让它保持在 20 30 percent, whatever looks good, doesn’t have to be exactly like me.20% 30%的样子 看起来还不错 没必要跟我的完全一样哒 So…I think 25 percent is a lot better.这样……我觉得25%更好些 So…color correction on the fence is done.这样…栅栏的颜色校正已经完成 Now we will do the color correction that will affect the entire photo.现在我们把颜色校正的效果应用到整张照片 To do that, first of all, I’m gonna create new adjustment layer为此 首先 创建新的调整图层 and here let’s select the Curves.此处 我们选择“曲线” Because I’m gonna add a little bit contrast,因为我要加一点对比 so make it a little bit brighter from here,所以让它从这里变亮一点 little bit darker from here, so we have more contrast.这里变暗一点 那么我们就会有更多的对比 And then let’s fade out the shadows so it looks a lot more pleasing.然后我们淡出阴影 看起来更舒服 OK, super cool!可以了 超酷! Now I’m gonna pop out this jacket a little bit现在我要把这件夹克调亮一点 because it’s looking really good.因为这样看起来真的还不错 So I’m gonna create a new adjustment layer, and this time get Selective Color.我要创建一个新的调整图层 这次选择“可选颜色” In the Selective Color, first of all, go to your Cyans在“可选颜色”里 首先 选择“青色” and increase it all the way to the hundred. Not very visible,然后一直增加到100% 不是很明显 but you can like make it a little bit brighter using your Blacks,但是你可以用“黑色”调亮一点 so reduce the Blacks and it will pop…pop out more.那么减少“黑色” 它就会……更突出 Do the same with Blues,“蓝色”也是一样 add lots of Cyan in your Blues,在“蓝色”中加多点“青色” like this,就像这样 and then reduce the Black so it pops out more like this.然后减少“黑色” 像这样 让它更显眼 So not a big difference but an important one.差别不大 但很重要 So as you can see jacket before, jacket after, looks more pleasing.这是之前的夹克 这是之后的 看起来更美观 Now for the final step, I’m going to create a new adjustment layer.现在是最后一步 我要创建一个新的调整图层 And this time we get the Vibrance,这次我们选用“自然饱和度” and I’m gonna add like 70 80 % Vibrance so the image is lot more colorful.我要添加70%到80%的“自然饱和度” 这样图像就会更加丰富多彩 This looks nice and close it.看起来不错 关闭就可以了 So this is without the adjustment,那么 这是没有调整图层的 and this is with that adjustment,这是带有调整图层的 as you can see this looks so much better.可以看出 这个看起来更好 So as you can see I did some changes in the Blur你们可以看到我在“模糊”处做了一些改动 and that’s the beauty of this method. You can change这就是该方法的美妙之处 在这种效果下 absolutely anything in this effect without worrying too much at any time.你完全可以做任何的改动 而不用担心太多 So that’s it and this is the final output.好了 这就是最终成品了 I really hope that you guys learned something from this video.真心希望你们这些家伙可以从视频中学到点什么 And if it did, hit that like button.如果确实学到了 帮点下喜欢噢 And if you have any kind of questions or suggestions,如果你有任何的问题或建议 ask me in comment section below.可以在下面的评论区问我 If you wanna check out more videos by me,如果你想看更多我的视频 you can click on any of these boxes and you can also subscribe to my channel.你可以点击这些框中的任何一个链接 也可以订阅我的频道 So every time I upload a new video, you will get the updates.那么我每上传一个新视频 你都能看到更新 Deal done! Good bye! Take care and have some fun with Photoshop!就这样啦 拜拜 保重 Ps玩得愉快
  • 2021-08-28如何用钢笔画兰花你好我的朋友们 欢迎来到周二辅导课Hello my friends and welcometo another Tuesday of tutorial! 我是Leonardo PereznietoI am Leonardo Pereznieto and today 我们今天将使用这只漂亮的猎鹰牌墨水笔we will draw an orchid with this 来绘画兰花beautiful Falcon fountain Pen. 第一朵花瓣我们先描出一个椭圆的形状For the first flower we sketch a shapelike an oval 不过不需要中间的部分but without the center part. 就像这样Like so. 随后画个中心We then draw a center 完成花瓣的部分and the sections to complete the petals. 很好good 它还有另外一部分就像and it has another one which is likea 一个花瓣 在另一个后面叫做花萼petal up here behind the other ones called a sepal 它的侧面有一些很薄的材料It has some skinny material on the side and then something 像嘴唇一样 叫唇瓣like a lip, called a labellum, 再多画两个萼片and two more sepals, 有时我们能够看到有时不能which sometimes we can see and sometimes don’t 是因为被遮住了because they are behind. 让我们用同样的方式在这里画另一个:两个花萼 花蕊Let’s draw another one over here in thesame fashion: The two petals, the center, 还有萼片the sepal… 唇瓣the labellum… 还有另一个萼片and another sepal. 我们再画一个小一点的在附近And let’s make another one over herea little bit smaller. 非常好Very good! 再往下面画一个And one more down here, 再画另外一个不过是在这个位置and yet another one over herebut on this side. 还有一些画在更低的地方And a little bunch with three moreon the lower part. 我用的墨水 如你所见I have been using, as you see, 略带紫色的粉红色墨水a pink ink which is slightly violet 但是现在我要换另一只but now I switch to another Falcon pen 装有绿色墨水的墨水笔in which I have green ink. 用这支笔我们可以画出枝干和叶子With this we can do the stems andany leaves. 就像这样Like so. 它在花的后面 在这里露出来It goes behind the flowers and itshows over here 最后再画上一些芽and some buds at the end. 没错Alright! 稍微调整一下 然后画上阴影I tweak this a little bit and thenI shade it. 我们使用阴影线和交叉阴影线来画出阴影We do the shading with hatching and crosshatching 就像平时画水墨画一样as it is usual for ink drawings. 一般来说Generally the things that are 在后面的物体都会暗一些behind will be a little bit the darker and 因此要给它们涂上阴影they are catching the shadow. 在前面的物体照到更多光The ones in front are going to be lighter 所以会更亮一些as they are getting the light. 这个粉红色有点太浓了This pink was a little bit too strong for 不是我想要的the tone I wanted and so 所以我在墨水里加了些水I diluted the ink with water 让粉色更柔和一些to soften it a little bit 一般不这么做that is not something that is usually done 因为这失去颜色的特性 不过我在进行测试 所以没关系as it can lose its properties, but I was testing it out. 很好Good! 现在 用笔来描出容器的底部Now I will sketch the base of the container 这样我就可以在我上色之前with a pencil so I can make corrections 做出更正before applying the ink. 现在我们描出叶子Now we sketch the leaves, 它们有着大片的叶子围绕they have big leaves that stay to the ground. 把不需要的铅笔线给擦掉I erase the pencil lines that we don’t need 然后用绿色的笔勾勒出来 就像这样and then I outline them with the green likethis, 然后我们给叶子涂上阴影and then we shade them. 我很喜欢这些笔因为它们有压感I love these pens because they are pressure sensitive, 所以我们可以在这些地方so we can draw with a light touch 画出亮的部分in the light areas. 如果If you are 你预算足够的话 你可以用蘸水笔in a budget you can get a similar result 画出同样的效果 它们非常便宜with dip pens, which are very inexpensive. 我觉得我快用两个颜色I thought I was going to make this drawing 完成这副画 但实际上with two colors, but actually, it is demanding 我才完成了三分之一所以我需要其他的笔me a third one [laughter] so I use my other pen 一支漂亮的Justus 95号棕色笔来画底部a beautiful Justus 95 with brown inkfor the base. 包括墨水在内的材料清单在视频下方The list of materials including the inks is in the information below the video. 我们用这个画出阴影和暗调With this we drew the shadow as well and some little dark accents. 我们最后再调整一下就完成啦We give it the last touches and its ready! 如果你喜欢这个视频就点个赞If you enjoyed it pleasegive it a LIKE! 分享给你的朋友share it to your friends 并关注我and subscribe to Fine Art-Tips. 我们下周二见And I will see youon Tuesday;) 字幕由Grethel Trejo制作Subtitled by Grethel Trejo
  • 2021-08-28漫画时如何夸张能比照片更像本人大家好 我是Court JonesHello, I’m Court Jones. 欢迎观看我漫画艺术课程的第一个视频And welcome to the first video in my course on the art of caricature. 本系列将分为两个主要部分This series will be divided into two main sections. 第一部分将涵盖漫画的基础知识 给那些初入艺术领域的新手The first part will cover caricature fundamentals, for those of you new to the artform 或者希望提高自己核心技能的经验丰富的漫画家们or even for experienced caricaturists looking to improve their core skills. 第二部分将包括中级和高级的训练The second part will be filled with intermediate and advanced level exercises 以此来提高你的夸张能力that are designed to help improve your exaggeration abilities 并给你更多创造性方法来解决漫画问题and give you more creative ways to solve caricature problems. 与所有其他Proko课程一样 这里有大量免费课程As with all the other Proko courses, there will be plenty of free lessons. 但我们也有一个付费课程 包含额外的演示和更长版本的免费课程But we’ll also have a premium course with lots of additional demonstrations and longer versions of the free videos. 我们会在以下网址proko.com/slash/caricature更深入地讲解每一节课We’ll go more in depth on each lesson at proko.com/slash/caricature. 下面所讲是使你们更好地了解我To give you a better idea about me, 我自1996年起一直在专职做漫画I’ve been doing caricatures professionally since 1996. 我在世界各地的主题公园和私人作坊教人们画漫画I’ve taught caricature to people in theme parks, private workshops around the world. 并且我曾在沃茨工作室担任教师多年And I was an instructor at the Watts Atelier for many years. 我通过人像速写开始了职业生涯I started my career by doing live quicksketch. 然后我转向了商业插画Then I moved into commercial illustration, 在那里我把我的传统训练应用到绘制漫画上where I applied my traditional training to drawing and painting caricatures. 什么是漫画?What is Caricature? 当我们看见它 我们大多数都知道漫画是什么Most of us generally know what a caricature is when we see it, 但是关于如何定义它还有许多误解but there are a lot of misunderstandings about how to define it. 大多数非艺术家通常会说这样一些话Most non-artists usually say something like 它是一个让你看起来丑陋的肖像it’s a portrait where they make you look ugly 或者画家只是挑出你最坏的特征然后放大or the artist just takes your worst feature and makes it bigger. 这样的言论真是让我的脑袋想要炸掉Statements like that make my head want to explode. 漫画的目的不是丑化人物The goal of caricature is not to make someone ugly. 甚至不是取笑他们 虽然它可以It’s not even about making fun of them, although it can be. 比起只是放大一个特征 漫画还有更多的东西And there’s a lot more to it than just making one feature bigger. 一幅漫画的核心是肖像的比例被改变A caricature, at its core, is a portrait where the proportions are changed 来突出一个人与其他人的不同 to highlight what makes a person different from everyone else. 我们希望结果是有趣的Hopefully, the result is funny. 理想情况是一幅漫画看起来比他们自己更像本人And ideally, a caricature will look more like the person than they look like themselves. 但这怎么可能呢?But how is that even possible? 在传统的肖像画中 如果你毫无意图地错误改变比例On a traditional portrait, if you change the proportions incorrectly without intention, 就会失去相似性you’ll lose the likeness. 但当你在漫画中有目的并正确地改变比例时But when it’s done correctly and intentionally in a caricature, 相似性甚至会比照片更强the likeness will be even stronger than the photo. 使这成为可能的手法被称为夸张The mechanism which makes that possible is called exaggeration. 什么是夸张?What is exaggeration? 想想你怎么能认出一张脸Think about how you’re able to recognize a face. 面部识别的科学是很复杂的The science of facial recognition is complex 关于大脑活动的事情我没有资格讨论and there’s a lot going on in the brain that I’m not qualified to discuss. 但当你看到你认识的人时 你的大脑所做的一件事情But when you see someone you know, one of the things your brain does 就是将他的脸和你见过的每一个人进行比较is to compare his face to every other person you’ve ever seen. 即使面部之间的差异相对较小并能以毫米测量Even though the differences between faces are relatively small and can be measured in millimeters, 当你把那些差异放在一张脸上时when you put those differences all together on one face, 它们就合成一个独一无二的人they add up to a totally unique looking person. 当我们的大脑注意到那些异于常态的特征时 脸部识别就会发生Facial recognition occurs when our brains notice those traits which differ from the average. 在这张吉恩·怀尔德的照片中In this photo of Gene Wilder, 一个使他与众不同的特征是他的巨大并下垂的鼻子one of the traits that’s distinctive about him is his large downward-pointed nose. 当我们在漫画中看到被夸大的指向性的特征时When we see that feature made even larger and pointed in a caricature, 这就是一个激发我们记忆的即时线索 它代表了吉恩·怀尔德it’s an instant cue to our memory of what stands out about Gene Wilder. 所以当我们在漫画中夸大与众不同的特征时So when we exaggerate distinctive features in a caricature, 我们就使面部那些微小的差异更明显we’re making those tiny differences in a face more obvious 引导人们注意这些差异 从而更快触发大脑的记忆and bringing attention to them, triggering the brain’s memory more quickly. 夸张仅仅是探索大脑区分一个人和另一个人的自然能力的行为Exaggeration is just the act of exploiting the brain’s natural ability to recognize one person from another. 为了用最简单的术语来说明这个概念 想想一个完美的正方形To illustrate this concept in the simplest terms, think of a perfect square. 正方形是所有已存在矩形的均态的视觉表示A square is a visual representation of the average of all rectangles that have ever existed. 这个完美的正方形称呼它为矩形A A代表averageThis perfect square will be rectangle A, A for average. 现在让我们看一个略高于这个均态的矩形Now let’s look at a rectangle that is slightly taller than the average. 我们称之为矩形BWe’ll call that rectangle B. 如果我要画一个矩形B的漫画If I am asked to draw a caricature of rectangle B, 我只需要观察它是如何不同于所有矩形的均态 也就是正方形I just need to observe how it differs from the average of all rectangles, which is our square. 我们可以看到矩形B略高于均态We can see that rectangle B is slightly taller than the average. 所以为了把它绘成漫画 我要去夸大它不同于正方形的特征So in order to caricature it, I am going to exaggerate how it differs from the square. 拉伸比例的矩形C就是一个漫画版矩形BRectangle C with its stretched proportions, is a caricature of rectangle B. 这样使矩形B不同于均态的特征现在就更加明显了The traits that made rectangle B different from the average are now even more obvious. 面部比简单的矩形有更多东西Faces have a lot more going on in them than simple rectangles. 所以让我们来看一些与均态有明显偏差的面孔So let’s look at some faces with obvious deviations from the average. 我们之前看到吉恩·怀尔德的鼻子似乎大于均态We saw earlier how Gene Wilder’s nose seems larger than average. 所以在他的漫画中 他的鼻子变得更大So in his caricature, his nose becomes even larger. 另一方面 乔什·盖德的鼻子比均态更短Josh Gad’s nose, on the other hand, is shorter than the average, 所以在他的漫画中 他的鼻子同理变得更小so in his caricature, his nose becomes likewise smaller. B·J·诺瓦克的眼睛比均态更倾斜向下B. J. Novak’s eyes are slanted more downward more than the average. 所以在他的漫画中那种特征表现得更极端So that trait appears more extreme in his caricature. 哈里森·福特的鼻子和嘴比一般的更歪And Harrison Ford’s nose and mouth are more crooked than the average. 所以他的漫画特点是更加歪斜的鼻子和嘴So his caricature features an even more crooked nose and mouth. 我只是指出每个演员脸上的一个特征I’m pointing out only one feature from each of these actors’ faces. 但一个好的漫画需要考虑所有偏离均态的特征并且重塑所有比例But a good caricature takes into account all of deviations from the average and reshapes all of the proportions. 到现在你可能已经发现 这意味着为了理解怎样绘制漫画You may have figured out by now, that this means in order to understand how to caricature, 你必须熟悉一般人的头部you have to be really familiar with the average head. 这里有一张图显示了一般成年男性白种人头部的比例Here’s my diagram showing the proportions of the average adult male Caucasian head. 你可以在美术指导书中找到这样的图You can find diagrams like these in art instruction books. 我最喜欢的是安德鲁·路米斯系列的绘画教程My favorites are those by Andrew Loomis. 每个艺术家都应该熟悉这种类型的图Every artist should already be familiar with this type of diagram. 这对于学习漫画来说尤其重要But this is especially important to those studying caricature. 记忆各种标准比例和特征之间的距离Memorizing the various standard proportions and distances between features 是你找到如何夸大每一个绘制对象的关键is the key to figuring out how to exaggerate each new subject you draw. 这图将成为你所有漫画决策的基础This diagram will be the basis for all of your caricature decisions. 在这个视频的付费版本中In the premium version of this video, 我将分解它并解释这图和它的尺寸I’ll break it down and explain this diagram and its measurements. 当然 如果你不是来自一个由西欧特征主宰的世界Of course, if you’re not from an area of the world that is dominated by those with Western European features, 均态图对你来说会有点不同the average diagram will be a little different for you. 但是为了有一个共同的起点 对于均态面部But for the sake of having a common starting point, for the average face, 我们将更多使用成年男性白人的头we’re going to refer mostly to the adult male Caucasian head. 如果你觉得使用白种人面部类型作为比较基础很不舒服If you’re not comfortable using the Caucasian facial type as a basis of comparison, 那也行that’s totally fine. 你可以自己画代表你身边面孔的均态图Make your own average diagram that represents the faces you’re normally around where you live. 整体比例和这张图是相同的The overall proportions are going to be the same as this diagram, 但眼睛 鼻子和嘴唇等细节可能不同but details like the eyes, nose and lips may be different. 下一步是什么? 在下次的视频中What’s Next? In the next video, 我将通过一步一步的演示展现如何应用这些夸张的基本原则I will show how to apply these basic principles of exaggeration with step by step demonstrations 来创造漫画的概念速写草图to create original thumbnail concept sketches for the caricature. 在那之后 我会告诉你我是如何用传统的肖像绘画技术来发展并改进漫画After that, I’ll show you how I develop and refine the caricature using traditional portrait drawing techniques. 在本系列之后And later in this series, 我们将通过大量实践练习来提高你的夸张技巧we’ll learn lots of practical exercises for improving your exaggeration skills 以及学习一些提升你绘画水平的方法and ways to take your caricatures to a high level of finish. 作业!Assignment! 关于你为下一课做准备 我的建议是My suggestion for you to prepare for the next lesson is 熟悉标准成年男性头部并绘制自己的图to familiarize yourself with the standard adult male head and create your own diagram 包括适当标记来展现比例和分布including the appropriate marks showing the proportions and divisions. 付费课程!Premium Course! 如果你想看我分析一些名人的面孔If you’d like to see me analyze some celebrity faces 以及在给他们速写时怎样从普通人中区分出来and how they deviate from the norm while doing quick sketches of them, 请报名付费课程check out the premium course. 您将得到一个可下载的均态头像图You’ll also get a downloadable diagram of the average head, 一个关于漫画历史的视频 这个课程的更长版本a video on the history of caricature, a longer version of this lesson 以及我在今天这个视频中所展示的吉恩·怀尔德的完整速写示范and a fully narrated demonstration of me drawing the Gene Wilder caricature shown in this video. 对于付费学生还有很多额外的好处 请访问这个网站proko.com/slash/caricatureThere’s lots of extra goodies for the premium students, so head on over to proko.com/slash/caricature. 竞奖环节!Giveaway! 如果你想有机会赢得一张你或者你朋友的原创漫画If you want a chance to win an original caricature sketch of you or a friend, 访问proko脸谱网网页并分享这个视频find the Proko facebook page and share the post for this video. 我将在这个日期(12月8日)随机抽取一位优胜者I’ll pick a random winner on this date. 如果你喜欢这个视频 分享它并告诉你的朋友!If you enjoyed this video, share it and tell your friends! 如果你想获得最新的视频 请到proko.com订阅简讯And if you want to get updates on new videos, go to proko.com and subscribe to the newsletter.
  • 2021-08-28艺术缩放之玛奇·罗杰斯讲述文森特·梵高Hey there. My name is Maggie Rogers, and you are looking at大家好 我是玛奇·罗杰斯 你现在看到的是 Vincent van Gogh’s “La Nuit étoilée.”梵高的作品《星空下的夜晚》 That’s “Starry Night” for everybody else.也就是大家所熟知的《星夜》 There seems to be this romance“饱受折磨的艺术家”这个想法 around the idea of the tortured artist,听起来挺浪漫的 about how someone’s vulnerability or angst换句话说 一个人的脆弱和忧虑 could make them create more vividly能让他获得更生动的创造力 This idea that an artist’s suffering is essential to their art.艺术家所遭受的磨难是其艺术的本源 I don’t buy it, but everyone has seemed to这观点我不大信 但似乎所有人在这时候 weigh in on van Gogh’s brain at this point.都会把梵高的精神状态考虑进去 He painted “La Nuit étoilée” in 1889,他在1889年创作了《星空下的夜晚》 six months after he cut his ear off,而6个月前他刚割掉了自己耳朵 and then voluntarily committed himself to an asylum,然后他又主动送把自己送进了精神病院 the Saint-Rémy-de-Provence in the south of France,也就是法国南部的圣雷米疗养院 not far from Avignon.离阿维尼翁不算太远 A year later in 1890, he died mysteriously at 371890年 他胸口中了一枪 from a gunshot wound to the chest.神秘离世 享年37岁 So what you see in this painting is你在这幅画里所看到的 what he saw from his window,是在精神病院时 他窗外的景色 his window in the asylum, the window of his mind.而那扇窗户 也是他的心灵之窗 I guess that psychedelic,我猜测画作中间的那个 almost ominous spiral in the middle of this one既迷幻又不祥的螺旋 reflects a lot about where he was,反映出了他身在何处 and his maybe unstable mental state.和他不稳定的精神状态 Although, if he’s making paintings like this,但如果他能画出这样的画作 he seems pretty stable to me.在我看来他精神状态挺稳定的 The starry night isn’t like any other starry night画里的星夜和我之前看到的所有星夜 I’ve ever seen.都不一样 The moon lights up the sky like a sun,月亮像太阳一样点亮夜空 and the strictness of the town counterbalances小镇的严整排列平衡了 the rippling cosmic waves.涟漪迭起的宇宙波 The cypress tree on the left hand of this painting,画作左手边的柏树 its browns and greens,棕绿相间 they balance the whole thing.平衡了整幅画 It’s crazy, too, that you zoom in far enough玄妙的是 如果再放大 and you can see this little space that he didn’t paint,你能看到他没上色的缝隙 and how he let the canvas看到他如何将画布 be an essential texture on the page.变为画面的关键肌理 And those rolling haystacks,还有那些旋转的干草垛 exploding fireballs,爆裂的火球 nebulas, all with their own reddish core.星云 都有红色的内核 Zoom in close enough, too,放得足够大的话 and these stars almost look like eyeballs.这些星星看起来还挺像眼球的 They’re watching Van Gogh right on back.它们就像是在回视梵高 Van Gogh wrote to his brother, Theo, on almost a daily basis.梵高几乎每天都给他弟弟提奥写信 He said, shouldn’t the shining dots of the sky他说 天空中的那些闪亮的点难道不该 be as accessible as the black dots on the map of France?像法国地图上的那些黑点一样触手可及吗? Just as we take the train to get to Tarascon or Rouen,就好像我们通过火车从塔拉斯空到鲁昂 we take death to reach a star.我们通过死亡抵达星辰 It’s a kind of apocalyptic vision,这有点像是天启的景象 like Judgment Day, or something,像是审判日之类的 which wouldn’t be completely surprising.不完全在意料之外 Van Gogh was a devout Christian.梵高是个虔诚的基督徒 This makes me think a lot, actually, of David Bowie’s Blacksta,这总会让我想到大卫·鲍伊的《黑星》 someone being alive and creating a work that 一个活着的人创作出的作品 says goodbye at the same time.却同时在说再见 Surely, his nights are more beautiful than our days.他的夜晚的确比我们的白天更美 And when I look at the sky now,当我现在望向天空 I think about Van Gogh我会想到梵高 and the way he showed me the night through his eyes.想到他用他的眼睛呈现给我的夜 And if you want to see what he saw,如果你想看到他眼里的景象 there’s just one place,有这么一个地方 the New York City MoMA,纽约现代艺术博物馆 which bought it in 1941,1941年买下了它 and guards it jealously.并小心翼翼地守护着
  • 2021-08-28解剖肩胛骨前情提要 骷髅仔第一次看到骷髅妹时就爱上她 他试着Previously on Proko.. Skelly sees Skella. It’s love at first sight. He tries to seduce 用一些情话去吸引她 但她对此并不感冒 他送了一朵花 他们拥抱在一起her with questionable pickup lines. She’s not impressed. He gives her a flower. They 之后骷髅仔怀孕了 骷髅妹拿起了他一根肋骨 与也拿着肋骨了的骷髅仔厮杀hug. Skelly gets pregnant! Skella pulls a rib, they swordfight! 斯坦也有骨头哦Stan has bones too! 这周 Proko工作室有了新的剧本 现在就让我们开始新的旅程吧This week, there’s drama in the Proko house. The new episode starts now! 大家好 我是斯坦 普罗科普恩科 你正在收看的是Proko 我们已经学了脊柱 骨盆和肋骨Hello! I’m Stan Prokopenko, you’re watching Proko. We’ve already studied the spine, pelvis 这堂课将讲授肩胛区 这就完成了躯干基本构架啦and rib-cage. This lesson on the shoulder girdle, will complete the bones of the torso. 之后我们将会讲授关于肌肉的课程Pretty soon we’ll move in on to muscles! 锁骨的简单构造Simple Structure of the Clavicle 我们从锁骨开始 是因为这是肩关节的起始位置Let’s begin with the clavicle, because that’s where the shoulder begins. A clavicle in its 在透视画法中的锁骨的长度大概是一个头的宽度least foreshortened position, is about one cranial unit… more or less, which is about 和胸骨的长度差不多the same length of the sternum… more or less. 这些结构相互比邻为后面的绘画的比较提供了便利That’s the advantage of having them near each other on the front. They’re convenient to compare. 除非我们从正面观察胸部 否则有的结构长度会相应地缩短But unless we’re looking at the chest from the front, one of these is likely to be foreshortened. 因此我们要将锁骨想象成一根可伸缩的棍子So we need to think of clavicles as fore-shortenable sticks 4根能缩短的棍子?4 shorten-able sticks? 什么 不不 骷髅仔 它们是可伸缩的 意思是能按透视法缩短What? No! No Skelly… They are FORE-shortenable. Meaning, they can be foreshortened. 但是 锁骨不是一根直的棍子 而是由三部分组成 就像这样But a clavicle is not a straight stick. It has three parts, and they are offset like this: 事实上 当你将它们合在一起就可以组成了丘比特弓In fact, when you put them together, they make the shape of a Cupid’s bow 如果这不是你想的 那锁骨可以比作自行车把手If love is not your thing, the clavicles also look like a pair of bicycle handlebars. 它像一件衬衫的衣领环绕我们的脖子旁 因此称其为锁骨And since they wrap around the base of the neck like the collar of a shirt, we call them 就是肩胛区的第一根骨头collarbones. That’s the first bone of the shoulder girdle: the clavicle. 肩胛骨的简单结构Simple Structure of the Scapula 现在 让我们来看肩胛区那个主要的骨头 肩胛Now let’s move to the dominant bone of the shoulder girdle: the scapula. 肩胛又称为肩胛骨The scapula is also known as the shoulder blade. 我们可以将其简单地视为三角形 大约是一个头长度的高和宽We can simplify it as a triangle that’s about a cranial unit high, and about a cranial unit wide, 正视肩胛骨的解剖位置时 它们相距约一个头的距离and when the scapulae are in the neutral anatomical position, they are about a cranial unit apart… 差不多是这个样子more or less. 这样看或许有些帮助 肩胛骨大约有一个握杯手的距离Here’s a comparison that may help. The scapula is about the size of a cupped hand, which 凹下去的部分与胸部肋骨凸出相对应conveniently matches its concavity to the convexity of the rib cage. 肩胛骨是一块完整的骨头 但对于艺术家却是两个完全不同的部分The scapula is all one bone, but for artists, it has two distinct sections. 主体部分像叶片 大部分于皮下不可见 除了中间的内侧缘The body of the blade is here, mostly deep below the surface, except this medial ridge. 肩胛冈几乎是一根单独的骨头The spine of the scapula is almost a bone of its own. 在体表摸起来就像泥铲的把手It sticks out like a trowel handle that you can tap along the surface. 这就是肩胛冈 在皮下 且不可或缺That’s the spine of the scapula… Sub-cutaneous and super-important. 当我们把肩胛骨和锁骨结合 它们就像是胸腔上的肩垫Now, when we combine the scapula and clavicle, they sit on the rib cage like shoulder pads. 胸腔上部本来是最窄的 有了肩部之后 顶部变成最宽的了The rib cage is thinnest at the top end, but with the shoulders, the thorax is widest at the top. 男性的肩部一般比女性宽 虽然在打架中并没有The shoulder girdle is usually bigger in men than women, though it might not give any advantage 得到什么好处in a fight… 锁骨的解剖细节Anatomical Details of the Clavicle 你觉得手臂的起始点在哪Where do you think the arm begins? 手臂是从脖子这个小坑开始的 The arm begins at the pit of the neck! 这是手臂与躯干骨骨相连的唯一地方This is the only bone-to-bone connection of arm to the trunk. 肩胛的其他部分不会与胸腔相接触the rest of shoulder girdle never touches the rib cage – 但是有众多肌肉交织使它们紧密相连and network of muscles lies between them and secures them together. 这个小坑结构很简单 只是有点缺陷The pit of the neck is simple, but it has some pit-falls… 我错了Sorry. 你可能知道胸骨乳突处的肌腱会形成一个V形 但只有在You may know that the sternomastoid tendons make a V shape in there, but only when they’re 肌肉收缩的时候才会这样 但它们不是时刻收缩的这时看起来像方形口袋tensed, and they’re not always tensed. Watch for a box-shaped pocket… 肌肉不会把锁骨拉得太近使它们互相碰触的Don’t place them too close together. Clavicles don’t touch each other. They attach at the 它们依附的柄状体之间的间隔恰好是两根手指的宽度corners of the manubrium, spread out a good two-fingers-distance from the center. An eyeball 也就是一个眼球的大小could fit in there. 韧带将锁骨与腔骨链接起来 它们允许关节运动Ligaments strap the clavicles to the sternum. They allow it to rotate on its ellipsoid joint, 而且可以消除崎岖不平 所以这部分通常很平滑and smooth out the bumpiness. So this area is usually smooth. 锁骨是横跨在皮下的 它们连接脖子和胸腔Clavicles are subcutaneous all the way across. They anchor muscles from the neck and chest, 是很重要的衔接物and serve as very important landmark lines. 肩胛骨的细节剖析Anatomical Details of the Scapula 锁骨的尾部就是肩峰 When we get to the end of the clavicle, we reach the Acromion Process. It seems like 它就像锁骨的延伸 实际上却是肩胛骨的延伸 最远an extension of the clavicle, but it’s actually an extension of the scapula – the furthest 可连接到肩胛冈 肩峰像一个平面矩形平台reach of the spine of the scapula. The acromion process is a flat rectangular platform that 从锁骨顺接下来“steps down” from the clavicle. 俯视 我们可以看到肩峰的骨头From the top view,we can see thebones of the acromion process 被三角肌环绕as the deltoid musle runs around it 附着在下边 旁边和后边to attach the sub plane,side plane and the back plane. 如果你还记得绘画基础课程的内容If you remember from the figure drawing course, 我们用这些标线来确定模特的顶部we use this landmark to identify the top plane of the robo-bean 让我们来仔细看看肩胛骨的肩胛冈Let’s look at the spine of the scapular in more detail 人类的肩胛冈是从后面向前面弯曲The spine on a human scapula twists from back to top. 这就意味着肩胛冈是一个复杂的平面 就像圆柱体上的丝带This means the spine of the scapula is a complex plane, like a ribbon on a cylinder. 这很难画 却物有所值 这个扭曲的平面影响表面This may be hard to draw, but it’s valuable. That rolling plane affects the surface, 同时帮助艺术家了解光线折射所造成的变化and helps an artist know how the light changes as it twists. 肩胛盂是容纳肱骨的一个小窝the glenoid cavity is the socket that holds the humerus. 但是这个小窝并不利于承载重物it has shallow socket,not good for supporting weight. 但却提高了灵活性but great form ability 肱骨头有与那个小窝契合的球面the head of humerus is ball that fits into that socket 就在肩峰下方just below the acromion process 由于这个小窝太浅 因此这里有韧带交织成的网络称为肩袖and since that socket too shallow,we have a network of ligaments called the rotator cuff 它们加固了肱骨头与肩胛盂的联系they secure the ball of humerus to the glenoid cavity. 接下来了解肩胛骨最重要的部分 叶片部分Now, here’s the super important thing about the scapula. The blade, primerely this 其内侧缘 肩胛冈是最主要的准线medial border, and the spine of the scapular make the primary landmark lines. 它们形成一个固定的They make a fixed angle 大于90度的角 当肩胛骨运动时 这个角度保持不变more than 90°, and when the scapula moves, that angle stays fixed… 那我们到底怎么在模型上找到这些准线?肩胛骨在这些So, how the heck do we find these lines on a model? Where’s the scapula on this crazy 复杂的骨头的哪里?肩胛骨上都包着网状的肌肉但这些线是可见的mess of bumps? A lot of the scapula is covered with a mesh of muscles, but these lines will 特别是肌肉发达的或者健壮的人做某些动作时 我们可以看到always be visible. In some poses, especially on muscular or heavy people we’ll see them 它们的压痕 斜方肌附着在肩胛骨靠脊柱的地方 菱形肌as indentations. The trapezius attaches along the spine of the scapula. Rhomboids attach 沿着边附着 一群肩胛骨肌肉附着在内 而三角肌along the side. A group of scapular muscles sit on the inside of the blade. And the deltoid 附着在肩胛冈的底部attaches along the bottom of the spine. 在另外一些动作中 特别是年轻健壮的人 他们的骨头会向外In other poses,and expecially younger lean people,the bones project outward. 由于肌肉很弱或者拉伸导致骨头是向外since the volume of the muscles is thin and stretched 动作Motion 在我们观察动作之前 需要知道为什么我们需要肩膀Before we move on to motion, let’s ask why we even need a shoulder. 我们为什么需要肩膀?Why do we even need a shoulder? 显然 我们的手臂需要运动 将手放在我们需要的位置Well, obviously to move our arms, which place our hands wherever they should be… 或者不应该or shouldn’t be. 嗨 伙计Hey dude. 手臂连接在胸腔上只能甩开甩去 而在肩胛骨允许An arm stuck to a ribcage couldn’t do much beyond flopping around. A scapula allows movement 因为肱骨头和关节能运动because it has a ball & socket joint. 喜欢把肩胛骨突出来吓唬你朋友的人If you’re one of those weirdos that likes to scare your friends by popping your shoulder blade out, 你会得肩胛骨前倾的then you are experiencing Anterior tilter. 停下来吧Please,just stop that. 真的很恐怖It’s scary. 矮油 没时间了Oh no! We’re out of time… 想要学习更多关于肩胛骨的课程Well,to learn about the impressive motions of scapula 可前往以下网址了解 在收费的解剖课中head on over to proko.com/anatomy. In the premium anatomy course, 会有拓展的视频 示例 可旋转运动的3d模型each lesson has extended videos, more drawing examples, and 3d models that you can rotate and draw 你可以从任何角度画 走过路过不要错过 我还是很看好这个课程的from any angle. Really check it out! I’m very proud of the premium course. 详见以下网址 Proko.com/anatomy 作业The Assignment 首先 画出胸腔 然后 在胸腔上画出锁骨First, draw the ribcage. Then, draw the shoulder girdle on top of the ribcage. 画另一边 画出边缘的物体 画出角度和标线Draw around to the other side, ghosting it as it goes around. Look for angles and landmarks, and 画成三维形式 我们要在学画肌肉之前掌握这些draw them as three-dimensional forms. We’ll need to master this before we include muscles. 想想看——骨头的位置决定肌肉的形状 当我们Think about it – the positions of the bones determine the shape of the muscles. 可以画锁骨和肩胛骨的时候 我们就有了最基础的When we can draw the clavicle and scapula as forms, we have the underlying structure that shapes 肩膀的结构the shoulders. 如果你喜欢这个视频 不要私藏 拿出来分享吧 如果你想If you like this video, don’t be all selfish, share it with your friends! And if you want 看更新的视频 点击这个按钮 或者访问promo.com/subscribeto be updated about new videos click this button or go to promo.com/subscribe. 就这样 谢谢观看 如果你在社交网络上发表画作That’s it! Thanks for watching. If you’re posting your drawings on social networks use the hashtag 记得圈上#proko# 或者发送到脸书proko.com/groups#proko# or consider posting them in one of the promo Facebook groups 你可以在proko.com/groups上找到you can find them on 你看到我的新应用Hey have you seen my new App, “Skelly-Poseable艺术解剖模型”了吗 到Proko.com/skellyappSkelly – the Poseable Anatomy Model for Artists Go to Proko.com/skellyapp 按这个按钮下载IOS或者安卓版本or Click this button to get it on iOS or Android.
  • 2021-08-28来自秋天的绘画灵感马珂:大家好 欢迎回到我的频道– [Mako] Hey guys, welcome back to my channel. 秋天即将来临Since fall is just around the corner, 受这个舒适的季节启发 我想介绍三种灵感I wanted to show you guys three painting ideas inspired 大家可以进行再创作这三种灵感by this cozy season that you can recreate. 我把画纸做成小巧的宝丽来照片的形状I made them in the shape of cute Polaroids 因为你们说很喜欢这个想法because you guys said you really like this idea 当然你们也可以随意选择自己喜欢的尺寸but you can of course choose any size you like. 第一个灵感是这个可爱多彩的枫叶宝丽来照片The first idea is this cute and colorful Polaroid picture of maple leaves. 你要做的第一件事是描出枫叶的形状The first thing you want to do is sketch out the shape of a maple leaf. 要确保只是轻轻地描Make sure you just lightly sketch it out 不然稍后这些线会被看见or otherwise the lines could be visible later. 在这个教程里 我用的是热压水彩纸For this tutorial, I want to use Hot Press Watercolor Paper 因为这种纸很适合画插图becauseit’s great for illustrations 也适于刻画小细节and if you want to create small details. 现在我们从背景开始Now let’s begin with the background first. 在枫叶周围涂抹一点水Distribute a little bit of water all around the leaf 然后逐一添加黄色和红色颜料and then start adding yellow and red color paint one-by-one, 让这两种颜色相互混合 画出不同的美丽阴影making them blend into each other to create different, beautiful shades. 不必十分精确You don’t have to be super precise, 目前只要给背景添加不同的彩色纹理就可以了you just need a different colored texture in the background for now. 继续在顶部一点一点添加颜色Keep adding more and more paint on top to 以增加色彩鲜艳度 然后把它晾干make the colors really vibrant and let everything dry. 现在我们可以在各处添加一些阴影From here we can build depth in the painting 来加强画面的纵深感by creating a few darker areas here and there. 在这一步 我混合了一点For this step, I mix a little bit of 棕色和红色的水彩颜料brown with red colored watercolor paint 让红色稍稍变暗变暖to make the red slightly darker and warmer. 我不用黑色 因为我想保留红色的色调I wouldn’t use black because we still want to keep this red hue. 往偏暗的阴影里添一些明亮的黄色Mix a darker shade with a bright yellow color 这样可以让每处阴影各不相同so you have different shades everywhere. 等你做完这些 画纸也晾干之后Once you’re done with that and the paint has dried, 你就可以添加细节了it’s time to add some details. 在背景上画几片树叶To create several leaves in the background, 我们可以使用反绘法we can now use the negative painting technique 不久之前我展示给你们看过that I showed you guys not so long ago. 基本做法是 不在叶子上涂色Basically, instead of coloring the leaf, 而是画出它的轮廓you want to outline it 用颜料给其余部分上色and fill out the rest around it with paint. 在这里 我也在各处增加了一些叶子的纹理Here, I also added a few leaf veins here and there. 你不必画得特别准确You don’t have to be super precise with it. 只要让它们隐约可见即可We just want them to slightly be visible. 我还用之前调好用来画阴影的颜色I also outline a few more leaves in the background 在背景上多描了些树叶的轮廓using the same darker shade that I mixed together earlier. 为了让叶子看起来更逼真To make the leaves look more realistic, 你也可以添一点儿黄色和绿色颜料you can also add a little bit of yellow and green colored paint 去捕捉秋天里叶子的不同形态to really capture the different states of the leaf during the fall season. 多加强些阴影效果 以创造更多纵深感Intensify the darker shades more and more to create even more depth. 等背景干透And once the background has dried, 我们就可以继续画前面的枫叶we can move on to the front maple leaf. 在这里我会用明黄色Here I’m going to use a really bright yellow color 涂满整片叶子and add it to the whole leaf. 接下来 开始在接近叶子边缘的区域Next, start adding a little bit of red colored paint 添加一点儿红色to the areas that are close to the edge of the leaf. 加了红色颜料之后Add a little bit of red colored paint and then blend it in 再加点儿水 和黄色混合一下with a little bit of water and yellow color paint 但是留出画面中间的部分but leave out the middle part as here 因为要添加另一种颜色add another color later. 你不必让这些颜色You don’t have to make the transition between the colors 过渡得十分平滑 因为枫叶的表面really smoothly because maple leaf doesn’t 其实本就不是那么平滑really have a smooth surface. 现在你也可以在中间加点儿绿色颜料Now you can also add a little bit of green colored paint 并沿着叶脉混合to the center and blend it out along the veins. 再次提醒 你不必把这些颜色过渡得十分平滑Again, you don’t have to make the colors super even, 所以 随意在各处加一些so feel free to add a little bit of 黄色 红色和绿色yellow, red and green here and there 稍加混合以制造纹理and slightly blend them together to create texture. 我还做了一件事 那就是在添加颜色到叶子顶部What I also did was when I added more paint on top of 让色彩更加生动的时候the leaf to make the colors more vibrant, 我在叶子边缘和新的层次之间I kept a little bit of space in between the very edge 留了一点儿间隙and the new layer of paint. 我感觉这样会使画面更有趣I felt like this made the painting look more interesting 也能增加纵深感and added even more depth to it. 画纹理的时候 我用了稍暗的红色For the veins, I used a slightly darker shade of red 要非常小心地 轻轻地涂到纸上and applied it really carefully and thinly to the paper. 你不需要让它们太显眼You don’t really want them to be super obvious. 如果到目前为止你对这些叶子还算满意Once you’re happy with the leaves so far, 你可以先晾一下 回到背景上来you can let it dry and go back to the background 用反绘法增加更多暗部to add even more darker areas following the negative painting technique. 我喜欢水彩画是因为它能让人感到放松What I like about watercolors is that it’s really relaxing 因为你通常在图层上创作because you usually work in layers, 你得小心谨慎 慢慢地画so you build up your painting slowly and carefully. 你可以看到整个艺术作品And you can really see how the whole art piece 是怎样缓慢而稳当地被创作出来的comes together slowly but surely. 所以 别忘了它是要花上好些时间的So don’t forget that it takes time. 我总是这么说 但我们仍然会经常忘记I think I say that all the time but it’s something we usually forget 这就是为什么我们and that’s why we can get discouraged 在完成一幅画之前会感到气馁before we actually finish the painting. 然后给叶子加上更多的细节So add more and more details to the leaf 时不时晾干and let it dry from time to time. 直到你觉得满意了 就可以撕开胶带And once you’re happy, we can remove the tape. 如果颜料渗透到了胶带下面Now if the paint has leaked under the tape, 你可以用魔术海绵来擦拭you can use a magic sponge 人们经常用它来拭去污渍that is usually used for cleaning stains 但是如果画纸不够厚but it can damage your paper a little bit 有可能会被擦坏 所以一定要很小心if it’s not thick enough, so be really careful. 你也可以用白色钢笔But what you can use instead is a white pen 或者白色丙烯颜料来代替 轻轻地盖住多余的部分or white acrylic paint and just carefully cover it up. 现在我们让它晾一会儿Let’s leave the painting for now 在回头来刻画更多细节之前 先画下一幅and move onto the next painting before we add even more details. 下一个灵感当然是画——南瓜Next idea is to paint, of course, pumpkins 因为南瓜是秋天的象征呀 不是吗?because pumpkins are basically the symbol fall, isn’t it? 再来一次 随便你在哪个位置Here again, lightly sketch out the pumpkins 轻轻地勾勒出南瓜的轮廓wherever you want them to be. 当然 如果你觉得画得有困难的话And of course, you can use any reference picture 可以借助参考图if you have difficulties with that. 画好了南瓜 我们又要在图层上捣腾了Now to create the pumpkins, we need to work in layers again. 第一层是漂亮的暖黄色And the first layer is going to be a nice warm yellow color. 这里我加了一点红色 到明黄色里Here I mix a little bit of red into the bright yellow color paint 这样图画就比较接近于橘色so it slightly turns into a more orange color. 接下来 开始把颜料涂到整个图画上Next, begin by distributing the paint all over the paper 但要先把南瓜的茎干留空but leaving out the stems of each pumpkin 然后晾干and then let everything dry. 如果你等得不耐烦If you’re impatient, you can also use a hairdryer 也可以用吹风机 这样会干得更快to make the drying process a lot faster. 现在用同样的颜色来画阴影部分Now you want to use a slightly darker shade of the same color 细致地把它涂到南瓜的边缘and carefully apply it all around the edges of the pumpkin. 然后 沿着南瓜的形状和弧度Afterwards, blend the paint following the shape and the curves 把颜色混合进去of the pumpkin to blend it in. 你只需要一层一层地You basically just want to build up 突出南瓜的色彩强度和阴影the intensity and the shadows of the pumpkin layer by layer, 同时让一些地方保持明亮 就像有光反射一样while keeping a few areas bright as light reflections. 从这里开始 重复此步骤From here, repeat the steps. 用更深的阴影去描画弧度Outline the curves with an even darker shade 向中心融合这些色彩and blend the paint toward the center, 让南瓜的中间部分保持稍微明亮keeping the middle part of the pumpkin slightly brighter. 但我还用了一些细线条But I also cross the lighter areas 划过亮部来做出纹理with a few thin lines to create texture. 但不要太过 否则到处都成一个颜色了Just don’t overdo it or you will only have one color everywhere. 如你所见As you can see now, 我们渐渐用同一种颜色画出了不同的阴影we slowly have a few different shades of the same color. 弯弧的中间部分明亮一些The middle part of the curve is lighter 上部和下部稍暗一些and the lower and the upper part of the pumpkin is darker. 但这取决于你用的参考图But it all depends on the reference picture you use 以及光源的位置and where the light source is. 画好阴影之后Once you reach the shade of the shadows, 你就可以开始在南瓜底部和靠近南瓜的位置you can start working on building in the very dark shadows underneath 沿着曲线画最深的阴影了and next to the pumpkins by following the curves 用跟刚才上色一样的方法就可以the same way as we did in the previous steps. 最后 我还在顶部涂上光滑的红色颜料In the end, I also added a red glaze on top of a few areas 让阴影微微泛红 但这一步可以省略to make the shade slightly more red but this is optional. 现在终于可以画绿色的茎干了And now it’s finally time to add the green stems. 在这里我用了鲜亮的绿色Here I used a bright shade of green 又在顶部加了一些阴影and added a few details on top using a darker shade. 添加更多的细节Add more and more details until you’re happy with 直到你对色彩强度和颜色的过渡感到满意为止the intensity and the transition of the colors. 我还用一个干净湿润的刷子和一块薄拭纸What I also did was I lifted some of the paint 把颜料晕染开with a clean, damp brush and a tissue paper. 这个方法还可以让颜料混合得更均匀It’s also a great way to blend the colors even more 让一些地方过渡得更自然平滑to create a really smooth transition in a few areas 这一步也是可选的but it’s really optional. 我只是提供一些建议 你可以去试试Just giving you some ideas you can test out. 等到刻画好了所有细节Once you’ve added all the details 你对成果也满意了and you’re happy with the result, 就可以撕开胶带了you can remove the tape 如果胶带不容易撕下来If you have difficulties removing the tape 就像我现在这样as I have it here, 吹风机又可以派上用场了you can simply use a hairdryer again 它可以稍微融化胶带下面的粘性物质to slightly melt the sticky part underneath 这样很容易就可以把它撕开了and it will work a lot better. 在最后一步 我用白色钢笔As the last step, I added a few additional light reflections 加了一点波浪形的反光with a white pen in a wavy motion, 仍然顺着弯曲的弧度画 这样整幅画就完成了still following the curvy shape and the painting was finished. 如果你想画更简单点的But if you want to paint something that is a bit easier, 但还是与秋天有关but still fall inspired, 不如试试这幅抽象的森林景色how about this rather abstract forest 它捕捉了秋天里各种不同的颜色and tree scenery capturing all the different colors 是秋天树林景色的大舞台and stage of the trees during the fall season. 首先用蓝色和黄色的水洗颜料Begin by applying a wash of blue and yellow colored watercolor paint 铺染成我们等会儿要画的天空和森林for the sky and the forest that we are going to paint later 然后晾干and then let everything dry. 接下来 用画笔沾上墨绿色 棕色 或者黑色颜料Next, load up your brush with dark green, brown, or black color paint 然后开始轻涂在画纸上and start dabbing it on to paper creating 沿着地平线制造随机的点和线条random dots and lines along the horizon. 在这里 我用了很细的笔让这些点尽可能小一些Here, I use a very thin brush to make the dots as small as possible. 接下来就该画远处山坡上的绿色松树了These are going to be the green pine trees far away that go up the hill. 你也可以给天空加上些小点You can also add a few additional dots to the sky 像我现在这样as I do it here 如果你想画出山峰的影像 可以在右边轻涂些小点on the right side if you want to create a mountain later. 我还稍微地混了点颜料涂进天空里I also lightly blended out the paint into the sky 让树林带上一点雾蒙蒙的感觉to make the area of the forest a little bit foggy 当然你也可以不必这样做but this is optional. 重复以上步骤 但这一次用黄色 红色Repeat the steps but this time, add dots using yellow, red, 和绿色在图画下方添加小点and green to the lower part of the painting 让树木呈现不同的颜色to create trees in different colors. 在不同区域添加更多颜色Add more and more paint to the different areas 以提高颜色强度to intensify the colors and 通过使用不同颜色阴影的方法来制造纵深感to create depth by creating a variety of different shades of color 以此来描绘秋天to represent the fall season. 天空看起来白了点儿And since the sky was a little bit too pale, 我在顶部加了一层蓝色颜料I added another layer of blue colored paint on top. 你也可以像我这样多画一些松树You can also add additional pine trees like I did here, 当然这也是凭你的喜好而定but this is optional. 我还在一些地方用深棕色加了些阴影I also added a few more shadows using the darker brown color 可以制造更强的纵深感to a few areas to create even more depth 让整幅画看起来更有趣and to make the painting look more interesting. 超简单的方法 但看起来超级酷Super simple way but it still looks super cool. 这就是三幅画最终呈现的样子And this is how the three paintings look in the end. 如果你愿意的话If you want, 你也可以往图上添加一些白色的细节you can also add a few white details to the painting. 这里我用白色钢笔加了一些白色线条Here I used a white pen and a few white lines 在枫叶上来制造光线反射的效果to a few maple leaves to create light reflections 在第三幅图的背景里也加了一些来增加亮区and to the third painting to add a few bright areas 并在小山丘上点缀一点雪and snow to my small mountain in the background. 在评论里留言 让我知道你最喜欢哪一幅Let me know in the comments what was your favorite painting 别忘了跟我分享你的作品哦and don’t forget to share your artwork with me 加上标签#lookmako# 这样你的作品就有机会出现在视频中with the #lookmako# so I can feature you in one of my videos. 希望你能喜欢这个视频并且希望能对你有所帮助I really hope you enjoy this video and found it helpful. 如果你喜欢这个视频 请给我点个赞If you did, be sure to give this video a thumb up 来支持这个频道吧to support this channel 如果你是新人and if you’re new here, 别忘了订阅 开启动态提醒don’t forget to subscribe and to click on the bell to get notified 这样每周六我上传新视频时你就能收到通知了when I upload a new video every Saturday. 感谢你们的观看Thank you so much for watching guys. 祝大家过得愉快 下次见Have a wonderful day and I will see you soon. 再见喽!Bye!
  • 2021-08-28肌肉的画法:你应该要知道的【如何画肌肉?】Intro to Drawing Muscles Hello,我叫Stan Prokopenko。欢迎收看Proko!我们终于来到了课程的这一部分,Hello, my name is Stan Prokopenko. Welcome to Proko! We’re finally at the part of the course 你所期待的一部分:肌肉!在本视频中,我们会过一遍你需要you’ve all been waiting for. Muscles! In this video, we’ll go over what you need 学习的每一块肌肉、一些通用肌肉解剖,以及肌肉的类型。to learn for each muscle, some general muscle anatomy, and the types of muscles. 你需要知道,或应该知道。Need-to-Know! or Should Know 这是关于我们将学习的每块肌肉的基本清单,包括There’s a basic checklist of things we will learn about each muscle. This includes the 肌肉名称、起点、止点、功能、对抗肌,和形态。muscle name, origin, insertion, function, antagonist, and form. 肌肉名称是最不重要的关于肌肉的知识。许多艺术家The name of the muscle is the least important thing to know about the muscle. Many artists (如果你问他,他)会说:“你根本不需要知道名字。” 这在一定程度上是正确的。you ask will say you don’t need to know the names at all. That’s partially true. 这取决于你想或深或浅地了解解剖学。我在开始教关于肌肉的知识后,It depends on how deep you want to learn anatomy. I got away without knowing the muscles until 才从记忆它的名称里脱身出来。I started teaching it. 但是,知道名字有一些好处。比如,这允许我们讨论But, knowing the name does have some benefits. Knowing the muscle name allows us to talk 解剖学。我会给你些技巧,有助于记忆肌肉名称,尽我所能。about anatomy. I’ll give you tricks to help remember muscle names whenever I can. There’s 通常有一些(命名)逻辑能暗示肌肉的位置、功能或形态。usually some kinds of logic that hints at the muscle’s location, function, or form. 举例来说,指伸肌位于你的手中,可以伸展For example, the “Extensor digitorum muscle.” This is the muscle in your hand that extends, 或绷直你的手指。or straightens, your digits. 肌肉连接点也是重要的知识,能帮助我们精确且自信地Where the muscle attaches is important to know as well. It helps us precisely and confidently [草绘?]肌肉,也同样暗示了肌肉的功能,我们很快就能看到。map out the muscle. It also hints at the muscle’s function, as we’ll see in a minute. There’s 连接点有两处。起点是在骨骼上的连接点,更加稳固,two areas of attachment. The Origin is the attachment on the skeleton that is more stationary 并更靠近中心。止点是身体上更远、更可移动(灵活)and closer to the center. The Insertion is the attachment on the farther and more moveable 的连接点。part of the body. 你也应该了解功能,或说每个肌肉该负责的活动。很幸运,You should also know the function, or what action each muscle is responsible for. Fortunately, 功能十分简单,因为肌肉只能干一件事——收缩。functions are pretty easy, because muscles can only do one thing… Contract. When you 当你屈曲一块肌肉,它就收缩,并将止点拉向起点。flex a muscle, it contracts, and pulls the insertion closer to the origin. 肌肉成对工作。一块肌肉收缩,其对抗肌就绷直。muscles work in pairs. When one muscle contracts, its antagonist is stretched out. The bicep 二头肌弯曲胳膊,三头肌伸展胳膊。在你的绘画中,尝试夸张flexes the arm and the tricep extends the arm. In your drawings, try to exaggerate the 活动肌肉的硬度,并令放松肌肉符合重力作用。hardness of the active muscle, and let the relaxed muscle conform to gravity. Being aware 意识到肌肉的功能是发明姿势的基本,这样你才能知道哪块肌肉of the muscle’s function is essential for invented poses, so you know which muscles 该弯曲,哪块该放松。这会让你的绘画远离“静物”,走向to flex and which to relax. It gets you away from drawing a “noun” and back to drawing “动态”,你所画的姿势会更具动感和冲击力。如果你a “verb,” and your poses will have greater animation and impact because of it. If you 想画呆滞的超级英雄,那你可以忽略我刚才说的了。want to draw constipated superheros, then you can ignore what I just said. 肌肉的名称、连接点、功能可以被总结为仅仅几个词。A muscle’s name, attachments, and function can be summed up with just a few words. We’re 我们是艺术家。我们真正需要学习的是肌肉的形态。我们不得不artists. What we really need to study is the Shape and Form of the muscles. We have to 以三维理解肌肉,这样才能画出肌肉在所有角度下的形态。understand the muscle in three dimensions, so we can draw its shape from all angles. 包括一些变种,如紧绷的、放松的、弯曲的肌肉,和不同个体的肌肉类型。This includes variations like stretched, relaxed, or flexed, and different body types. We’ll 我们将学习平面转换、简化形态、其他有关形态的细节形的东西。study the plane changes, the simplified forms, and other detailed awesomeness about the forms. 这会帮助你自创你想象中的人物,并使他们在解剖学上精确It will help you invent figures from your imagination and make them anatomically accurate 且有活力。and dynamic. 肌肉类型……你可以在其他章节中学到。如果你想要学习Types of muscle… available in the premium section. If you’d like to learn about the 全身肌肉的8种类型,登录proko.com/anatomy 8 types of muscles found throughout the body, head on over to proko.com/anatomy. Get the 参加优质的解剖学课程来观看拓展视频、3D模型、绘画演示。premium anatomy course for access to the extended videos, 3d models, and more drawing demonstrations. 来吧!你知道你需要它们~Come on!You know you want it : P 如果你喜欢这个视频,请分享给你的朋友们。如果你想If you’re like this video, share it with your friends. And if you want to be updated 观看新视频,去proko.com/subscribeabout new videos, go to proko.com/subscribe! 如果你在Periscope,来收看我的频道吧。你可以看我的素描实况,If you’re on Periscope, follow me to catch my broadcasts. Watch me sketch live and ask 并实时问我问题。再见!questions while I draw
  • 2021-08-27可爱的表情怎么画?Sarah涂鸦 简单的想法与灵感 Sarah涂鸦 可爱的表情涂鸦 在我们开始绘制前 先来画一些形状 方圆形 不可名状的一团 猫猫 兔子 云 点心 星星 幽灵 现在可以购买《Cute Kawaii Doodles》啦! 还能购买《The Art of Doodle Words》! 谢谢观看!
  • 2021-08-27记忆素描挑战之用好夸张根据记忆绘画Drawing from memory. 听起来很难 好像只有少数天才画家才可以做到 对么?It sounds pretty hard, like something only a few naturally gifted artists could do, right? 事实上 凭借记忆力画画是画家每天都在做的事Actually, drawing from memory is something every artist does already. 从技术角度来说 你只能凭记忆力作画Technically you can only draw from memory. 开始画一个人的时候 你会先观察几秒When drawing a person, you look at them for a few seconds, 然后在你的画纸上做好标记and then you look down at your paper to make your marks. 所以那个时候 其实你就是在根据你所看到的记忆绘画So in that moment, you are drawing just from your memory of what you saw. 画画的时候 我们大多都用几秒钟反复观察对象Most of us repeatedly look at the subject every few seconds while drawing. 你观察对象的时间越久The more time you spend observing your subject while drawing, 就会画得越精确the more accurately you can draw it, 但这只适用于 你想要并且正在画传统肖像画的时候if you’re doing a traditional portrait that’s what you want to do. 对于素描漫画家来说Quicksketch caricature artists on the other hand 他们观察模特次数越少 才可以更好的进行夸张速写do better exaggerations when they don’t look at their subject too frequently. 他们在脑子里对模特进行快照They take mental snapshots of the subject 但是大多数的时间他们都在看他们作品but they spend the vast majority of their time looking at their drawings. 我起初是一名速写漫画家I got my start as a quicksketch caricature artist. 所以我会分享下我的经历So I speak from experience. 当我开始画人的时候 我发现 如果看他太多次When drawing a person live, I found that if I look at the subject too much, 我可能就更倾向于人物写实 而不敢大胆进行夸张I’m more likely to draw a more portraity sketch with a timid exaggeration. 但当我用更少的时间直接观察模特的时候But when I spend less time looking directly at the subject, 我就可以更多的依赖我的记忆或者凭借我对他们长相的印象I rely more on my memory or my impression of what I think they look like. 开始更夸张地作画And I tend to get better exaggerations. 那是因为记忆都是有缺憾的That’s because memory is not perfect. 你在依靠记忆的时候When you rely on your memory, 那些与众不同的事情便会凸显出来 给你留下深刻的印象the thing that stand out as unusual or different from the norm make the strongest impressions. 比如 试着回想杰·雷诺的长相 令你印象最深的点是什么If you try to recall what Jay Leno looks like, for instance, what you would remember most 一定是他最突出的特点 像他的大下巴 下颔 还有满头白发are his more distinctive traits, like his big chin, jaw and white hair. 当然 那些特点并不完全等同于他本人的形象That’s not all there is to nailing his likeness, of course. 但却是我们开始设计漫画的灵感开端But that’s a great starting point for designing a caricature. 所以 一开始想不出如何去夸张的时候So, if you have difficulty coming up withthe initial exaggeration 不知道你构图的比例方向是什么的时候 一个构成and don’t know direction you should stretch the proportions, a great exercise to build your caricature 人物形象肌理的好办法 就是纯粹凭借记忆作画muscles is sketching a face purely from memory. 步骤Procedure 画记忆草图To do a memory sketch, 先花30秒时间研究这个人的照片 但不动手画任何东西you’re going to study a photo of a person for 30 seconds without drawing anything. 如果脑海中的照片消失了 你也就可以根据记忆开始画漫画了When the photo disappears, you’ll draw a caricature of it just from your memory. 正如你研究照片的方式一样 通过大脑对显著特点罗列As you study the photo, run through a mental checklist of characteristics that stand out. 我发现这种办法可以帮助我分析人物特点 以便于我可以正常开始作画I find it helps to analyze the features in the order that I would normally draw them. 就我而言 我会首先决定这个头的形状是什么样In my case, I first decide on what the head shape will be. 它是长的 瘦的 短的还是宽的Is it tall and thin or short and wide? 他的头哪一部分最宽 哪一部分最窄Where is the head widest, where is it narrowest? 这个头什么地方不同于正常的头How does this head differ from the average head? 头发是怎么分布的How does the hair relate to the head? 眼睛是什么样呢How about the eyes? 它们是高还是低Are they high or low? 靠的很近还是离得很远Are they close together or far apart? 是又大又长的鼻子 还是又短鼻尖朝上Is it a big long nose or a short upturned nose? 扫视所有特点 然后尝试观察整张脸Scan all of the features, and then try to see the face as a whole 看一下所有五官的整体布局and how all the pieces fit together. 接下来 随着记忆中的照片越发模糊 你需要尽可能迅速的画下草图And then, with the photo gone, try to sketch as quickly as you can 趁着脑海里的印象还清晰的时候while the impressions are still fresh in your mind. 通常最好的方法是先画头的形状Starting with the head shape is usually the best way to go. 因为一旦你确定了头的形状Because once you have the head shape in, 就有助于你合理布局其他特征的位置it helps you to place the features in their proper relationships. 头的形状是最重要的部分 它会决定你整个夸张的程度The shape of the head is the most important factor in determining the level of the exaggeration. 只要它确定了 你就可以把其他特征放入正确的位置Once it is established, you can just sort of plug the features into the right places. 假设一个人最明显的特征是他们的眼睛或是鼻子If the most distinctive trait about someone is a feature like their eyes or nose, 你可以首先画这些特点 然后围绕着这些特点再安排其他you may want to draw those features first and build everything around them. 但就个人而言 我认为首先画最大的部分是最有效的画法But personally, I think drawing the big shapes first is more effective. 你可以按照你喜欢的速度模式 或快或慢的进行素描You can do these sketches as quickly or as slowly as you like. 粗略的草图可以快速完成 也可以慢工雕琢Treat them like quick thumbnail concept sketches, or you can spend longer on them 将人物每一部位都进行勾画以此来看是整个草图一切都恰当and develope any of them into more of a rough sketch if it’s turning out well. 但切记 这种记忆锻炼并不是让肖像画得有多美But remember, the point of this memory exercise is not to get a beautiful portfolio piece. 大多数草图都会被当做垃圾扔掉You’ll probably throw most of these sketches in the trash. 这只是一个帮你加强视觉记忆的技巧It’s simply a technique to help you strengthen your visual memory. 个别结果真的不重要The individual results here really don’t matter. 即使看起来不像也不用担心You shouldn’t worry if you don’t get a great likeness. 目的就是反复多次练习Just doing the exercise, lots of times, is the goal. 这些都完成后 你可以再次看看照片 看看你是如何完成的When you’re done, you can take a look at the photo again and see how you did. 起初 你可能会错过一些肖像的重要细节At first, it’s likely that you will miss some important details of the likeness, 就像我画的这张like I did here. 但是要一直坚持练习But keep practicing. 这种练习就好比是举重This kind of exercise is like weight-lifting. 在体育馆 反复锻炼你的肌肉You need a lot of repetition to build those muscles and just like at the gym 做的次数越多 你就会越强 越擅长凭记忆作画you’ll get stronger and better at drawing from memory the more that you do it. 随着画画技术的不断提高 你也应该相应的减少观察相片参考的时间And as you get better, you should reduce the amount of time you spend looking at the photo reference. 30秒记忆构造草图练习后 尝试开始用15秒观察照片After doing some 30 second memory sketches, try studying the photo for only 15 seconds. 最终 你可能仅用3秒就扫视完一张相片Eventually, work your way down to a 3 second glimpse of a photo. 如果可以做到这一点 你要做的就是纯粹的脑动拍摄 而不需要添加任何细节分析At that point, all that you can do is take a mental snapshot, without any detailed analysis. 只是依靠视觉和反馈做出相应的反映作画You will be reacting and drawing purely on a visual and reflex level. 那便是你想要达到的境界And that’s the place you want to be at. 到那时你会发现你的粗画能力有很大提高That’s when you should notice a big improvement in your thumbnail sketching abilities. 我知道 用3秒观察模特就做到作品与本人极为相似 这听起来很难I know that it sounds really hard to get agood likeness with only a 3 second glimpse of your subject. 事实也是确实如此And it can be. 但是我发现 越少的时间观察模特 夸张程度便可以做的越好But personally, I find that I do better exaggerations the less time I spend looking at the subject 因为我凭借更多的是更直观的感觉绘画because I’m drawing more intuitively, from my gut. 如果学习阶段你的记忆力作画还不是那么清楚When you’re still learning, if your memory drawings are even slightly recognizable, 给自己点信心you can give yourself a pat on the back. 锻炼自己的漫画能力 你会不断的进步的You’ll get more consistent results as you build your caricature muscles. 任务Assignment 在家练习记忆素描 用链接里的照片作为参考To practice memory sketches at home, use the photo reference from the link in the description 计时器记录 每张脸的研究大约在30秒and time yourself while you study each face for about 30 seconds. 然后把照片收起来 快速粗略的草图Hide the photo and then do a quick thumbnail caricature sketch. 如果你发现画得越来越像 但没什么夸张成分If you discover that you’re getting good likenesses, but weak exaggerations, 你就要学会用更少的时间研究照片spend less time looking at your photos. 30秒素描练习之后 用15秒观察照片After a few 30 second sketches, do some where you study the photo for just 15 seconds. 然后尝试3秒素描And then try some 3 second sketches. 切记 你不需要画太快Remember, you don’t have to draw them that quickly. 花费和你素描一样多的时间Spend as much time as you need on the sketch. 接下来What’s Next 接下来的课程中 我们会学习到真正有意思和有用的练习 帮助你提高夸张能力In our next lesson, we’ll be learning a really fun and useful exercise for pushing your exaggerations. 我们将会研究那些漫画家的作品We’ll be doing caricatures of our caricatures, 然后临摹那些漫画家的作品and then doing caricatures of those caricatures. 天啊!Bwah! 这是让你摆脱固有思维的好方法It’s a great way of getting out of your comfort zone. 精品课程Premium Content 对于精品课的学生 我们会提供更为细节性的指导For premium students of this course, there’s a more detailed version of this lesson. 并且我们整理了所有训练视频 教你如何做到分别用30Also, we’ve put together some training videos that show the photo reference for 30 seconds, 15秒和3秒观察照片 并用一个实用计时器计算15 seconds and 3 seconds along with a convenient timer. 用他们来帮助你进行记忆素描Use them to help you do your own memory sketches. 我也有一些根据我记忆画的素描视频 可以启发你For inspiration there are also some videos of my own sketches done from memory. 包括有名人素描I’ve included several celebrity memory sketches, 还有根据你给我的照片画的素描and sketches done as some of you who submitted your photos. 参加我的精品课 你可以获得更深入的指导Get the premium course to access more in-depth instruction, 你可以了解到这些课程的创作来源【音乐】and be part of what supports the creation of these lessons [Music]
  • 2021-08-27水彩画的修复与保存保存水彩画 从2015开始 由埃米尔创造的三幅水彩画 《摔跤海神赫拉克里斯》《两只狮子撕咬一头公牛》和《有翼三连体生物》 又被称为“蓝胡子三部曲” 在超过70年的保管中 用于学习和保存 我们来追踪下摔跤海神赫拉克里斯的修护情况 处理之前 清洗框架 保护行动从清洗框架和玻璃开始 文物修复员在画作上找到霉点 污点和变色区域 真空吸尘器清扫油画 水彩画被转移至纸张修护之前 是在一个特别建造的封闭空间内 进行有害物质的清除 由于霉菌对人体健康有害 文物修护员要佩戴防护装备 转移到纸张修护 纸张修护中的处理 背衬和粘合剂要从水彩画中分离 图画材料要做水敏试验 以防万一 文物保护者在对水敏感的部分使用固色剂 第一遍清洗 文物修护者用的是聚乙烯衬里的钢筋和炉渣砖订制的容器 画作在展开 用水和酒精试剂加湿 放进水池 画作用空气干燥器先烘干一小段时间 然后用很多毛毡片干燥 污渍去除 局部处理去除污渍进一步减少脱色 第二遍清洗 局部处理后 水彩画会再一次被清洗 烘干和压平 修护过程 •清洗框架 •真空吸尘器清除霉菌 •转移到纸张修护 •纸张修护的处理 •第一遍清洗 •去污 •第二遍清洗 修护之前 修护之后 合页 打磨和装框 接下来的修护处理工作 在保证修护的情况下 非常小心的打磨和加框 摔跤海神赫拉克里斯 这个修护项目 在大都会艺术博物馆各个部门人员的共同努力下完成 多亏了Eliot Stewart的慷慨解囊 修复工程才得以继续 大都会艺术博物馆

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