What if I told you that there might be a sneaky predator
如果我跟你说 在你家里可能有一个
with super powers in your house right now?
潜在的 拥有超强能力的捕食者该怎么办呢?
If you live with one of these, there is!
如果你和其中的一只在一起生活 那就是真有
I’m talking about cats!
其实我说的就是猫!
And even if you do have a cat of your own,
即使你有猫
I bet you don’t know some amazing things
那我敢肯定你也不知道
about our little furry friends!
我们毛绒绒的小伙伴的神奇事儿
For example!
比如!
Did you know that all pet cats are actually related to lions,
你知道其实所有的宠物猫都和狮子
and other big cats, like tigers,
以及其他像老虎
leopards, and jaguars?
豹子和美洲虎这样的大型猫科动物有关吗?
Wait…this…is related to this?
等等……小猫咪……和大老虎有关系?
Yes it is!
是的!
All cats, from the biggest lion to the tiniest of house cats,
所有的猫科动物 大到狮子小到家猫
evolved from the same small, cat-like creature
都从一种小而像猫的生物进化而来
that lived millions of years ago
它们叫做原猫或“第一只猫”
called proailurus or “first cat”.
生活在几百万年以前
Then after a long time,
在很长一段时间之后
there came to be two major types of cats.
猫科动物进化出了两个种类
One kind became the bigger cats, like the lion and the tiger.
一种变成了更大的猫科动物 像狮子和老虎
And the other kind became the smaller cats,
而另一种变成了更小的猫科动物
which includes the ones we keep as pets today.
包括我们现在养的宠物
So…if all big cats and all little cats descended
所以…如果所有的大猫小猫
from this same animal from long, long ago
都从同一种生物进化而来
that means they’re related
那么即使它们之间有差别
even if it is only distantly.
但还是有联系的
That’s one big furry family!
那可是一个毛绒绒的大家庭!
Now another cool thing about cats?
接下来另一件关于猫的很酷的事情
They have excellent hearing!
它们的听力很棒
Lots of animals, including dogs, have better hearing than we do.
包括狗在内的很多动物都比人的听力好
But cats can hear better than both human and dogs.
但是猫的听力比人和狗的更好
Even if your cat just looks like it’s curled up and enjoying a relaxing nap,
即使你觉得你的猫看起来喜欢蜷起来睡午觉
extremely aware of its surroundings.
但它仍然对周围的一切了解得一清二楚
Their little ears are super-sensitive,
它们的小耳朵非常灵敏
and they’re always listening.
并且一直保持听的状态
Your cat can can hear everything that’s going
猫可以听到它周围的一切
on around it, from the sound of you
从你在楼上任何位置的卧室里
listening to music in your bedroom all the way upstairs,
听音乐的声音
to the sound of birds chirping
到邻居院子外面
outside in your neighbor’s yard.
小鸟叽叽喳喳的声音
In fact, cats can hear things up
事实上 猫能听到的声音的距离
to four times further away than you or I can
是我们的四倍远!
And they can not only hear things
而且它们不仅能听到远处的声音
from far away—they can figure out exactly where
而且能精确的判断
those far-away sounds are coming from.
这些声音从哪来
So if your cat’s snoozing in the basement,
所以如果你的猫正在地下室打盹
and you open the kitchen cupboard where you
那么当你打开存放它们
keep their favorate treats,
最喜欢的零食的橱柜时
they’ll probably come running.
它们就会马上跑过来
But if you open another cabinet in a different part
但是如果你打开厨房里
of the kitchen, they’ll probably be
另一个橱柜
able to tell the difference and just keep snoozing!
它们可能会听出区别然后接着打盹
Thousands of years ago,
几千年之前
cats needed this super sense of hearing to help them track down food
猫需要有极好的听力来帮助他们寻找食物
and to escape predators in the wild. Today,
并且在野外逃离捕食者
now that they live among humans
现在既然它们已经和人类生活
who help provide for them
人类可以给它们食物
they don’t need it quite as much.
它们就不太需要它了
But it’s always good to know
但是 当橱门打开时能听到
when that treat cupboard opens!
这总是很好的
And lastly, our third cool thing about cats: They rule! Well,
最后一件酷事儿:它们的地位至高无上
sort of!
在某种程度上是这样
Some ancient cultures—like people who lived
一些古老文化—像几千年前
in Egypt thousands of years ago —
生活在埃及的人们——
treated cats like royalty,
把猫当做 皇室成员对待
almost as if they were kings and queens!
大部分猫像国王和王后一样
Early Egyptians were thought
据说早期的埃及人总是觉得
to have had problems with rats in their homes.
自己家里有老鼠
In order to get rid of the rats,
为了赶走这些老鼠
they brought in cats to hunt them.
人们引进了猫来捕捉
And the people liked the cats so much,
人们非常喜欢猫
they supposedly kept them
所以就收养了它们
and treated them extremely well.
并对它们非常好
Ancient Egyptians even mummified the animals
古埃及人甚至为了来世的旅行
for their journey to the afterlife,
就像对待人类统治者一样
just like they did with their human rulers.
把猫做成了木乃伊
So sorry, dogs.
所以很抱歉 狗狗们
in ancient Egypt at least,
至少在古埃及
cats ran the show.
猫更胜一筹
Now the next time you see a cat,
下一次你看见猫的时候
you’ll know that you’re looking at
你就知道你在看
a super-cuddly animal with super-hearing
一只超可爱并且听力超棒的动物
that was once treated like royalty
那是一只曾经地位至高无上
and is related to lions and tigers!
并与狮子老虎同源的动物
And if you’d like us to sniff out
所以如果你想了解
more information about cats or anything,
更多关于猫的知识
just let us know!
就来联系我们!
Get help from a grown up
让父母帮助你们
and leave a comment down below,
在下方评论
or send us an email
或者给我们发邮件
kids@thescishow.com.
邮箱为kids@thescishow.com
Thanks for joining us!
感谢加入我们
We’ll see you next time, here at the fort!
我们下次再会!

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