– Hello, everyone.
大家好
And welcome back to English With Lucy.
欢迎回到《露西教英文》
It’s so annoying when it happens,
试想一个烦人的场景
you are talking freely and happily in English,
当你轻松且愉快地说英语时
and then (dramatic music) everything stops.
然后 [戏剧性配乐] 一切都静止了
The world stops, your mind stops,
世界停下了 你的思想停下了
and most frustratingly,
最糟糕的是
your conversation stops.
你的对话停下了
You’ve blocked.
你卡住了
You can’t find that perfect word.
你找不到一个合适的单词
You may even feel that you do actually know that word
你甚至能感觉到在头脑深处
deep in your head,
你知道这个单词
you just can’t remember it.
你只是没记起来
Perhaps, you don’t even know it at all.
也许 你完全不知道它
You’re reaching for it,
你想抓住它
but it’s just too far away.
但它离你实在是太远了
What can you do?
你能做什么呢?
When I was actively learning Spanish,
当我积极地学习西班牙语时
this happened to me all of the time.
这种事经常发生
I can still feel the anxiety in here.
我也能感受到当时的焦虑
I’m now fluent in Spanish.
现在 我的西班牙语说得很流利
And although it happens with much less frequency,
即使已经不那么频繁
it does still happen,
这种事仍然会发生
especially if I’m feeling a bit rusty.
尤其是当我感到有点生疏的时候
If you feel rusty in a language,
当你发现自己在一门语言上生疏了
it means that you haven’t practised enough
这意味着你练习得还不够
and you’ve regressed slightly.
你已经有点退步了
I mean,
我是说
I still get word block in English
我说英语的时候也会忘词
and that’s my mother tongue.
这可是我的母语呀
It happens to almost everyone.
这发生在大多数人身上
Today,
今天
I am going to help you with your blockages (laughs)
我将帮助解决你的卡壳 [笑]
and give you five things that you can use to fight
并提供你五条建议
against this.
来应对这种情况
five things that you can do when you can’t remember a word.
当你忘词的时候 你可以做这五件事
Number one,
第一点
this is potentially the most exciting segment for me.
这可能是我最让我激动的部分
And I can’t believe I haven’t taught this to you before,
我实在不敢相信之前没有告诉你们
because although these aren’t real words,
因为即使这些不是正规单词
they are very commonly used.
但却被经常使用
They are called placeholder names.
它们被称为指代词
So you can use placeholder names or unknown name terms
你可以运用指代词或者不确定代称
in place of the word or phrase or name
来代替你思索的
that you’re searching for.
单词或短语或姓名
Now in English,
目前在英语中
we have loads of these and we use them all the time.
有很多这样的词 而且我们一直都在用
My mum is constantly forgetting words and she comes up
我的妈妈经常忘记单词
with the most amazing placeholder names to replace
这时她就想一个最贴切的代称
the words that she is lacking.
来代替她想不出的单词
So just to be clear,
所以我们无疑可以
these are words that replace a word that we can’t think of,
用这些单词可以代替那些
we can’t remember, or we don’t know.
我们想不到 记不住或者是不知道的单词
So firstly,
第一
we use lots of extensions of thing.
我们可以使用“thing”的衍生词
We can say thingy, for example.
比方说“thingy”
And we typically use this to refer to a thing
我们经常会用它来指代
that we don’t know the name of.
一件我们不知道名字的东西
“The doctor gave me a thingy
医生给了我一个
to help me deal with my stress.”
可以缓解我压力的东西(thingy)
I might be referring to a stress ball or some fidget toy
我可能是在说压力球或是一些解压玩具
or something.
或是别的东西
I don’t know the word.
我不知道它叫什么
So I use thingy.
所以我说thingy
I just think it’s worth noting,
我觉得需要指出
this is all an informal speech.
因为这只是一个非正式口语
We wouldn’t use this in academic text or in exams
我们不会在学术文章 考试
or in a business meeting.
或是商业会议中使用它
Well, you might, it depends on the corporate vibe.
好吧 也可能会 取决于企业氛围
Another very popular one is thingamajig,
另一个常用的是“thingamajig”
thingamajig.
thingamajig
This can also refer to people.
这个词也可以用来指代人
So if you can’t remember someone’s name,
因此 如果你无法记住一个人的名字
“Did you talk to thingamajig last night?”
“你昨晚和那个人说话了吗?”
Did you talk to unknown person last night?
“你昨晚和某人说话了吗?”
Thingamabob.
Thingamabob
Thingamabob is almost exactly the same.
Thingamabob几乎和前面提到的用法一样
It can refer to objects or to people.
它既可以指物也可以指人
“Have you spoken to thingamabob recently?”
“你最近和那谁说话了吗?”
I can’t remember their name,
我记不住他的名字
I’m hoping you know who I’m talking about
我希望你知道我说的是谁
and can say their name for me.
并能把他的名字告诉我
Or, “My hairdresser gave me a thingamabob
或者“我的理发师给我用了个那啥
to help hold my hair in place.”
来固定我的头发”
He gave me some hairspray,
我猜
I’m guessing.
他给我用的是发胶
We also use some extensions of what as well,
我们也可以使用“what”的衍生词
watchermacallit.
比如watchermacallit
A watchermacallit is very popular.
Watchermacallit很常用
“Did you pick up a watchermacallit at the shop?”
“你是在商店里捡到的那个东西吗?”
This could be anything, can of tomatoes,
它可以指任何事物 番茄罐头
a watermelon.
西瓜
Who knows?
谁知道呢
Depends on the context.
取决于上下文
We also use whatsitsname.
我们有时候也用whatsitsname
Whatitsname.
whatsitname
Watchermacallit seems to be more for things
Watchermacallit似乎更多用于事物
rather than people.
较少指代人
Whatsitsname can be people or things.
whatsitsname可以指人也可以指物
“Did you see any whatsitsnames at the shop?”
“你在商店里有看到那个了吗?”
Now we do have a few specifically for people.
而接下来是一些我们用来特定指人的词
Whatshername or whatshisname?
“Whatshername”或者“whatshisname”
There is another one, or two actually,
还有另一个词 确切地说是两个
’cause it’s masculine and feminine
因为要取决于使用对象是男性还是女性
that my mother uses a lot and therefore I have always
这个词我妈妈经常使用
used a lot.
因此我也一直在用
But when I started using it with my fiance,
但我对我的未婚夫说这个词时
he was quite surprised.
他十分惊讶
He thought it was quite rude.
他认为这是非常不礼貌的
It is whatsherface and whatshisface.
这就是“whatsherface”和“whatshisface”
If we can’t remember the name of someone
如果我们记不住某人的名字
“Oh, did you see whatsherface?
“哦 你看见那女的了吗?”
Whatsherface?”
那个女的
Or, “Oh, whatshisface was there last night.”
或者“哦 那女的昨晚在那”
And I remember Will being really shocked
我记得Will很震惊
like, “Where did you learn these strange words?”
像在问我“你在哪学的这些奇怪的词?”
But my mum uses them all the time.
但我妈总是使用它们
So maybe note these ones down,
请把这些记下来
but be careful who
至于要用在谁的身上
you use them with. (laughing)
要十分慎重 [笑声]
Finally,
最后
we use a lot placeholders with doo,
我们也会用“doo”作为指代词
doo.
doo
And it just goes to show that it depends on the family
而事实证明这取决于家庭
because in my family, we never use placeholders with doo,
因为我家从未用过“doo”
but in Will’s family, they do use doo all the time.
但在Will的家里 他们经常使用“doo”
The one that they use a lot is doodah,
他们经常说的是“doodah”
doodah.
doodah
And this refers mainly to people, but also to things.
这个词主要指人 但也可以指物
So I think Will’s mom told me once, “Oh doodah got engaged.”
我想起有次Will的妈妈跟我说“噢 doodah已经订婚了”
I was thinking, “Doodah?
我就想 “Doodah?
Who’s doodah?”
谁是doodah?”
But no, doodah is a name used when you can’t remember
但其实 “doodah”用来指代那个你想不起名字
the person’s name and you expect the other person to know
又希望其他人
who you’re talking about.
知道你说的是谁的人
Doodad is the same thing,
“Doodad”也一样
normally referring more to things.
通常指代事物
“Can you go into the garage
“你能进到车库
and see if there are any doodads?”
看看里面有没有那啥吗?”
And hopefully your speaking partner will understand
而你的同伴有可能知道
what you’re talking about.
你说的是什么
Now, number two is more of a general recommendation
第二点 更像一个建议
and this segment is sponsored by Lingoda.
本部分由Lingoda赞助
It is study every day to try and avoid becoming rusty
每天学习可以避免生疏
as I did with Spanish.
就像我学西班牙语那样
Taking a class every day is a great way to avoid
每天上课是一个好办法
that rustiness problem.
可以防止生疏
Lingoda are running their language sprint.
Lingoda正在举办语言冲刺活动
With the language sprint,
没错 语言冲刺
you can learn to speak a language confidently
你可以在三个月内学会
in three months,
自信地使用一门语言
gain 100% of your money back and get free access
获得全额退款
to the Cambridge Online Speaking Test.
并且能够免费参加剑桥在线口语测试
You just need to take one of their 24-7 classes
你只需要连续上三个月
every day for three months and get your course fees
他们全年无休的课程
completely refunded.
然后获得全额退费
Click on the link in the description box
点击视频描述里的链接
to check the dates for this sprint.
查看冲刺课程的日期
Be quick.
快点哦
If you miss the deadline or the spaces are filled,
如果你错过了截止日期或者名额已满的话
you will miss out.
你就失去这次机会了
The Super Sprint offers a 100% refund
超级冲刺活动 提供全额退款
and there is also the lighter Regular Sprint option
还有一些较轻松的课程
with a 50% refund.
退款50%
You can join the sprint in English, French, German, Spanish,
你可以在冲刺课程中学习英语 法语 德语 西班牙语 商务英语
and business English from beginner to advanced level.
从初级到高级都有
I’m really happy to share this opportunity with you
很高兴能与你分享这个机会
because I’ve had first hand experience of how effective
因为我亲身经历过
the Lingoda language challenges can be.
Lingida语言挑战是多么的有效
They’ve transformed many of my students’ lives.
它改变了我很多学生的人生
They love Lingoda because they can interact with amazing
他们热爱Lingoda因为他们可以随时随地
qualified teachers anytime, anywhere, any day.
和优秀的老师进行交流
Group sizes are really small and intimate
学习组规模很小也很温馨
with an average of just three students per class.
每个班平均就只有三个学生
Over 30,000 people have participated in previous
已有超过3000名学生参加了
Lingoda language challenges with many of them being able
Lingoda之前的语言挑战
to get in new jobs and overcome their fear of speaking.
许多人找到新工作 克服了他们说话恐惧
So how can you participate?
那要怎么样才能参加呢
Sign up for the sprint before the deadline
在截止日期前报名冲刺课程
and pay the deposit to secure your spot.
并支付定金保留名额
You can use my code SCHOOL15 for €10 off.
你可以使用优惠码“SCHOOL15”抵扣10欧元
Lingoda will refund your tuition fee in full,
Lingoda会将全额退还
along with your deposit if you attend the agreed
你的学费和定金
number of classes within each sprint month,
前提是你遵守规则
by following the contest rules.
每个月都参加规定数量的冲刺课程
Remember places in the sprint are limited.
记住冲刺课程的名额是有限制的
This is a language school, places fill up.
这是一个语言学校 名额有限
So you have the link in the description box.
链接在描述框内
You have my discount code SCHOOL15, €10 off.
你可以使用折扣码抵扣10欧元
What are you waiting for?
你还在等什么呢?
Number three is try to describe the word using simple terms
第三点是尝试使用简单 通用的术语
or generic terms.
来描述某个词语
Oftentimes, we over-complicate things by wanting to find
大多数时候 我们因为想找一个非常精确的单词
a very, very specific word.
把事情过于复杂化了
And as a result,
结果
we put a stop to our conversation flow and in the end
结果 阻断了我们的对话
make everything really awkward whilst we’re trying
我们拼命地想某些事
to desperately think of something.
会让场面陷入尴尬
That can wait.
可以等会儿
You can make a mental note and search for that word later.
你可以在心里记着它 以后再想
I think it’s better to just search for a simple word
我认为当下去找一个
that is good enough in the moment.
简单的词会更好
For example, imagine you can’t remember the word puppy.
例如 你想不起puppy(小狗)这个单词
You could just say baby dog.
你可以说成“baby dog”(幼狗)
It’s not overly correct,
这并不准确
but it will do.
但能表达意思
Or if you can’t remember the word paediatrician,
或者你想不起paediatrician(儿科专家)
you could just say a doctor for children.
也可以说成a doctor for children(给小孩看病的医生)
That leads me on to number four.
这就来到第四点
If it’s a little more complex,
如果那个词有点复杂
you could try to describe the purpose or the use
你可以尝试描述
for something or someone.
某物的用途或某人的目的
For example,
举个例子
if you wanted someone to pass you a pencil sharpener,
如果你想让某人递给你一个削笔刀
but you can’t think of the word,
但你不知到削笔刀怎么说
you could say, “Oh, can you pass me that thing
你可以说“哦 你能把那个
that’s used for making pencils pointed?”
可以让铅笔变尖的东西借我吗?”
I’ve just said the use.
我描述了它的作用
And it’s very clear what I would like.
就十分清楚地表达了我想要什么
Another example, say,
另一个例子
I’ve met someone and they are really nice
假设我遇到了一群特别好的人
and they are a librarian and I’m trying to describe them
他们是图书管理员 但我尝试向别人介绍的时候
to someone but I’ve forgotten the word librarian,
忘记了librarian(图书管理员)这个单词
I could say, “They work in the place where
我可以说
you can borrow books.”
“他们在你借书的地方工作”
Librarian, very clear, very obvious.
跟Librarian一样 表达得十分清晰明白
The final recommendation, number five,
最后 第五点
is to use approximations.
是使用近义词
This is when you use phrases such as,
此时你可以使用下列短语
it’s like, it’s sort of, it’s kind of,
“it’s like…” “it’s sort of…” “it’s kind of…”
it’s kind of like, it’s sort of like.
“it’s kind like…” “it’s sort of like…”
An example is the word jumpsuit or romper
一个例子是美式英语词汇
in American English.
“jumpsuit”或“romper”(连体衣裤)
If I don’t know the exact word for that,
如果我不知道这个的确切单词
I would say, “It’s kind of like a dress,
我会说“有点像裙子
but with trousers as well.
但也有裤腿”
So hopefully even if you didn’t know what a jumpsuit
所以 即使你不知道
or a romper is,
jumpsuit或romper是什么
you might now understand it because I’ve described it
你也能够理解
as a dress but with trousers or shorts.
因为我说的是像裙子但有长或短的裤腿
Now using three, four and five instigates
使用第三 四 五点建议
a great learning opportunity.
能创造一个超棒的学习机会
The chances are that your speaking partner
这个机会
will know the words that you are searching for
可以让你的对话同伴知道你在找合适的词
and they can help you as well.
这样他们也能帮助你
You can set this off by saying at the beginning
你可以对话开始前就说
of a conversation, “By the way, if I use the wrong word,
“顺便说一句 如果我用错了词
feel free to correct me.
请你们随时纠正我
Don’t feel rude to interrupt me.”
不要担心打断我不礼貌”
I always said this in Spanish and it was amazing
我总是用西班牙语说这句话
how much people genuinely wanted to help me.
惊喜的是 人们都很真诚地帮助我
And it was really nice when we could laugh
而我们一起笑话我犯的错误
at my mistakes together,
也是非常好的
’cause let’s face it, when you’re learning a new language,
因为面对现实吧 当你学习一门语言时
it isn’t easy to make jokes in that language.
用新学的语言开玩笑可不容易
So a really nice way to have a laugh is to laugh at yourself
所以想开怀大笑的一个最好方法
and your language mistakes.
就是笑话你自己和你所犯的错误
I think it also makes the other person feel more comfortable as well.
我想这也可以使其他人感到更舒心
Right.
好了
That’s it for today’s lesson.
以上就是今天的课程
I hope you enjoyed it
希望你能喜欢
and I hope you learned something.
我也希望你能学到一些
If you have any more ideas or recommendations for overcoming
如果你对克服语言卡壳问题
language block,
还有更多的想法或建议
please leave them down below in the description box.
请在描述框下方评论
No, don’t put them in the description box,
不 不是在描述框里写
put them in the comments section.
是在评论区留言
The description box is mine.
描述框是我的
The comments section is yours.
评论区是才你们的
Also feel free to share any funny language block moments
也请随意分享一些
you’ve had, times where there is just a word that is impossible to describe.
你经历过的有趣的卡壳瞬间
Don’t forget to check out the Lingoda Language Sprint.
不要忘记查看Lingoda语言冲刺活动
The link is in the description box,
链接和日期都在描述框内
along with all the dates and you can use my code, SCHOOL15
你可以用我的优惠码“SCHOOL 15”
for a €10 discount on your deposit.
来抵扣10欧元定金
Don’t forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
记得在各种社交媒体上联系我
I’ve got my Facebook, my Instagram, and my Twitter.
我有脸书 照片墙 推特
You can now sign up to receive emails from me.
你可以现在注册 就能接收我的邮件
The link is down in the description box as well,
链接也放在描述框内了
Very exciting.
非常兴奋
And I have my new vlogging channel.
我有新的博客频道了
It’s not so new anymore.
不过也不是很新了
My vlogging channel,
我很快就会在我的vlog频道
I’ll be uploading a vlog very, very soon
上传一个视频
If not already, who knows?
如果还没传的话 谁知道呢
I will see you soon for another lesson.
我们将会在另一个课程中很快见面
(blows a kiss)
[飞吻]
(upbeat music)
[动感音乐]

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  • 2021-08-24Are you still ~? 和You are still ~?欢迎来到今天的《简单英语表达》 大家好 欢迎回到《简单英语表达》 今天要学习的是一种问句 非常好用 前两天的视频里有段对话 用到了一个问句“You’re still…?” 难道不应该说“Are you still…?”吗 让我展示一下 这里有两个例子 Are you still…? You are still…? 这两种说法都没有问题 那让我们来补全这两句话 “你还在抽烟吗?” “你..
  • 2021-08-24当某人对你不礼貌时应该如何回应《Lucy教英文》 优美英式英语 Hello everyone and welcome back to English with Lucy.大家好 欢迎收看《Lucy教英文》 Today I have a very important lesson for you.今天我们来上一堂很重要的课 We’re going to talk about what you should say我..
  • 2021-08-2410个你(可能)读错了的英语单词!| 难度发音| 常见错误大家好 我是来自mmmEnglish的EmmaHello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish 在这节课中 我将和你们分享十个and in this lesson, I’m going to share with you 10 English words 你有可能读错的英语单词that you’re probably mispronouncing..
  • 2021-08-24MIND YOUR OWN BUSINESS是什么意思?So in English, the phrase,在英语中 “Mind your own business!”,短语”Mind your own business!” means that you want that person to stop意思是你想让别人停止询问 asking you questions about your life和你生活相关的问题 or t..
  • 2021-08-24“我爱你”用英语怎么说?Well hello I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!大家好 我是Emma 欢迎收看《艾玛英语》 Today I’m gonna share some different今天我要分享一些不一样的 and some more meaningful ways to say “I love you”且更有意义的方式来表达“我爱你” No..
  • 2021-08-24每日练习短语: to blend in欢迎来到今天的《简单英语表达》 大家好 欢迎回到《简单英语表达》 今天我们来学习一个动词词组 两个动词 它们是“blend in” “to blend in” “to blend” 意思是混合 你可以用搅拌机或混合器 把东西混合在一起 当你在制作的时候 放些果汁 水果和坚果 和冰淇淋一起搅拌 然后美味的水果沙冰就做好了 听起来很好吃 这就是“blend”的意思 “in”意思是放入 所以 “to ..

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